Odisha State Board BSE Odisha Class 9 English Grammar Book Solutions Chapter 8 Determiners Textbook Exercise Activity Questions and Answers.
BSE Odisha Class 9 English Grammar Solutions Chapter 8 Determiners
⇒ Determiners take the initial position of a noun phrase. (ଏକ ବିଶେଷ୍ୟ ବାକ୍ୟାଶର ଆଦ୍ୟରେ ବା ପ୍ରଥମରେ ସର୍ବଦା determiners ବ୍ୟବହୃତ ହୁଏ ।)
⇒ Determiners limit the meaning of nouns in various ways like by indicating the number or quantity (many/some/much/little..) or by identifying them (this umbrella, that girl) or specifying the possession of or association and relationship with the nouns (her sister, teacher’s mobile.) (ବିଶେଷ୍ୟ ପଦର ସଂଖ୍ୟା ବା ପରିମାଣ, ପ୍ରଦର୍ଶନ ବା ସମ୍ବନ୍ଧ ବା ସଂପର୍କ ଆଦି ଅର୍ଥକୁ determiner limit ବା ସୀମିତ ରଖୁଥାଏ ।)
⇒ In this perspective determiners are described as limiting adjectives in traditional grammar. (ଏ କ୍ଷେତ୍ରରେ determiner କୁlimiting adjective କୁହାଯାଏ ।)
⇒ In noun phrases where there are adjectives, determiners come before adjectives. (ବିଶେଷ୍ୟ ବାକ୍ୟାଶରେ ବିଶେଷଣ ପଦ ଥିଲେ, determiners ସେହି ବିଶେଷଣ ପଦ ପୂର୍ବରୁ ବ୍ୟବହୃତ ହୁଏ।)
(i) a nice picture (noun phrase) (a – determiner, nice – adjective)
(ii) his beautiful painting (noun phrase) (his – determiner, beautiful – adjective)
(iii) every cute child – (noun phrase) (cute-adjective (ଗୁଲଗୁଲିଆ), every-determiner)
⇒ Kind of determiner (determiner ର ପ୍ରକାରଭେଦ) :
universal (indefinite) determiners
|1. The definite article (The) :||(i) The man was honest and sincere.
(ii) This is the story I told him yesterday.
|2. The indefinite article (a/an) :||(i) A good friend is a blessing in life.
(ii) An aeroplane flew above the roof.
|3. Possessive Pronouns
(my, your, his, her, our…) :
|(i) My father was in the army.
(ii) Her hair was curly (କୁଞ୍ଚକୁଞ୍ଚ୍).
|4. Genitive Possessives (‘s, s’) :||(i) The headmaster’s office room is neat and clean.
(ii) Mukesh’s uncle lives abroad (ବିଦେଶ).
|5.Relative determiner (whose, which):||(i) The man whose son has been arrested by the police, is my father’s friend.
(ii) I leave the bed at 5 a.m, at which time mother is usually asleep.
|6. Interrogative determiners
(what, which, whose) :
|(i) What time is it?
(ii) Whose chair got broken?
(iii) Which shirt looks more beautiful?
|7. Wh-ever determiners
(whichever, whatever, wherever) :
|(i) Pick out (ବାଛିନିଅ) whichever dictionary you like.
(ii) I will buy whatever cost the mobile costs.
|8. Indefinite determiner (some, any) :||(i) Some trees (କେତେକ ଗଛ) bear no fruit.
(ii) Do you learn any French? (ଫ୍ରାନ୍ସ ଭାଷାରୁ କିଛି)
(iii) The well hasn’t any water in it.
|9. Negative determiner (ନାସ୍ତିବାଚକ) :||(i) No two roads look well repaired.
(ii) No words can lessen ((ପ୍ରଶମିତ କରିପାରିବ ନାହିଁ) my grief (ଦୁଃଖ).
|10. Demonstrative determiners
(this, that, these, those) :
|(i) Look at this / that horse.
(ii) These / those apples taste sour (ଖଟା).
|11. Universal (indefinite) determiners :
|(i) Every car has a number.
(ii) Each brother in the family is a government employee.
|12. Quantifiers (ପରିମାଣବାଚକ ଶବ୍ଦ)
some, any, no, each, every, enough, many, much, a little, a few, etc. :
|(i) Did any villager report to the village? (determiner)
(ii) I have little (ଆଦୌ ନାହିଁ) chance of success. (determiner)
(iii) Have you read many books on Gandhiji? (determiner)
(iv) Is there any sugar in the tin (ଟିଣ) ? (determiner)
(v) No, there is none. (pronoun)
Categories of determiners (determiners ର ବାକ୍ୟରେ ବ୍ୟବହୃତ ବିଭାଗ ବା ଶ୍ରେଣୀ)
On the basis of the rleative positions of the determiners in noun phrases. They fall into three categories. (ବିଶେଷ୍ୟ ବାକ୍ୟାଶରେ determiner ଗୁଡ଼ିକର ବ୍ୟବହୃତ ସ୍ଥାନ ଅନୁସାରେ, ସେମାନଙ୍କୁ ତିନିଗୋଟି ଭାଗରେ ବିଭକ୍ତ କରାଯାଇଛି ।).
|1. both, half, all||1. Articles :
|1. Cardinal numbers :
once, twice, double, many times etc
|2. Demonstratives :
this, that, these, those
|2. Ordinal numbers:
|3. Fractions (ଭଗ୍ନାଂଶ) :
a quarter (ଏକ ଚତୁର୍ଥାଂଶ), two third etc.
|3. Possessives :
my, your, his, teacher’s
|3. General ordinals:
other, next, more, last
|4. What, such, quite, rather||4. Quantifiers:
some, any, each, every
many, few, several, more, less, a lot of….
whose, whatever, whichever.
All, both, half
(1) These three pre-determiners come before articles, possessives and demonstratives.
(ଏହି ତିନୋଟି Pre-determiner ଗୁଡ଼ିକ articles, possessives ଓ demonstratives ପୂର୍ବରୁ ବ୍ୟବହୃତ ହୁଏ ।)
all the boys, both the friends,
half a rupee, all her dresses,
those apples, both these children
(2) Multipliers: Once, twice, double, three times
(Used with singular or plural count nouns or mass nouns expressing amount and degree)
(ଏକବଚନ ବା ବହୁବଚନୀୟ ବିଶେଷ୍ୟ ପଦ ଓ ପରିମାଣକୁ ବୁଝାଉଥବା ଅଗଣନୀୟ ବିଶେଷ୍ୟ ପୂର୍ବରୁ)
(i) You have to pay double the amount as fine (ଜୋରିମାନା).
(ii) He gets three times the salary of his friends (ସାଙ୍ଗର ଦରମାର ତିନିଗୁଣ).
(iii) Uncle has twice the strength of most men of his age (ଦୁଇଗୁଣ ଶକ୍ତି).
(iv) I meet my uncle once a month (ମାସକରେ ଥରେ).
(v) Neelima goes to her parent’s house three times every month.
(ଏଠାରେ once a month, three times every month frequency adverbials ରୂପେ ବ୍ୟବହୃତ ହୁଏ ।)
(3) Fractions (ଭଗ୍ନାଂଶ) : a quarter, one-third, two-fourth etc.,
a quarter ofa page, one-third (of) the population, two-fourth (of) the field
(4) Degree Pre-determiners: what, such, rather, quite
These degree pre-determiners are used (a) before the indefinite article (a/an) with singular countable nouns (b) without any article with plural count or mass nouns.
[ଉପରୋକ୍ତ degree Pre-determiner ଗୁଡ଼ିକ indefinite article ‘a’ ବା ‘an’ ପୂର୍ବରୁ ଏକବଚନୀୟ ବିଶେଷ୍ୟପଦ ଓ articleର ବିନା ସାହାଯ୍ୟରେ ବହୁବଚନୀୟ ବିଶେଷ୍ୟ ବା ଅଗଣନୀୟ ବିଶେଷ୍ୟ ପୂର୍ବରୁ ବ୍ୟବହୃତ ହୁଏ ।]
(i) What a loss (କ୍ଷତି) ? (loss – singular count noun)
(ii) He was such a fool ! (fool – singular count noun)
(iii) It is rather a silly question, (question – singular count noun)
(iv) Lata has such a beautiful voice, (voice – singular count noun)
(v) It took quite a long time to get there, (time – singular count noun)
(1) Cardinals (ମୌଳିକ ସଂଖ୍ୟା) (one, two, three, etc.) :
(i) The two roads are leading to the station.
(ii) Unfortunately (ଦୁର୍ଭାଗ୍ୟବଶତଃ) the girl couldn’t avail of the one chance she got. (ସୁଯୋଗର ସଦ୍ବ୍ୟବହାର କରିପାରିଲା ନାହିଁ)
(2) Ordinal numbers (first, second, third etc.) and general ordinals (next, last, an (other) etc.). Ordinal numbers occur only with count nouns and usually come before any cardinal numbers in a noun phrase.
(i) The first two exhibits (ପ୍ରଦର୍ଶିତ ଦ୍ରବ୍ୟ) won the first prize.
(ii) The last three remarks made by the speaker were very important.
(iii) The other five candidates (ପ୍ରାର୍ଥୀ) belong to Scheduled Tribes (ଆଦିବାସୀ).
(3) Quantifiers (ପରିମାଣବାଚକ ଶବ୍ଦ) :
Quantifiers as post-determiners usually denote degree of quantity or amount. (many, much, a lot of/ lots of, (a) few, several, a large number of, a great deal of (ପ୍ରଚୁର )….)
(i) The few friends I had left me one by one.
(ii) Shyam has a great deal of money.
(iii) Is there a little sugar in the jar?
(iv) A lot of energy is needed to do this work.
(v) He didn’t have much time to listen to my talk.
Classifiers (ଶ୍ରେଣୀ ବିଭାଗକାରୀ):
A classifier is a noun or an adjective or a clause which classifies the referent (of a noun) as a part of a group or sub group.
(ଗୋଟିଏ ଶ୍ରେଣୀ ବିଭାଗକାରୀ ହେଉଛି ଗୋଟଏ ବିଶେଷ୍ୟ ପଦ ବା ଗୋଟିଏ ବିଶେଷଣ ପଦ ବା ଗୋଟିଏ ଖଣ୍ଡ ବାକ୍ୟ ଯାହାକି ଗୋଟିଏ ବିଶେଷ୍ୟ ପଦର ସୂଚକକୁ ଏକ ସମଷ୍ଟି ବା ଉପସମଷ୍ଟିର ଅଂଶ ରୂପେ ବିଭକ୍ତ କରେ ।)
(c) Kishore Kumar’s first three popular Hindi songs
All the first six very intelligent science students
Articles is of three kinds;
(i) Definite Article, (ii) Indefinite Article and (iii) Zero Article.
Definite Article : ‘The’
‘The’ is called Definite Article because the person or thing it refers to, is definite or particular.
(‘The’ ଏକ Definite Article କାରଣ ଏହା ନିର୍ଦ୍ଦିଷ୍ଟ ବ୍ୟକ୍ତି ବା ବସ୍ତୁକୁ ସୂଚିତ କରେ।)
1. Before particular or definite person or thing (ନିର୍ଦ୍ଦିଷ୍ଟ ବ୍ୟକ୍ତି ବା ବସ୍ତୁ):
Father has gone to the bank. (ନିର୍ଦ୍ଦିଷ୍ଟ ବ୍ୟାଙ୍କ୍)
Where is the boy? (ଜାଣିଥୁବା ବାଳକ)
2. Before unique things (ଅଦ୍ବିତୀୟ ବସ୍ତୁ/ପଦାର୍ଥ ପୂର୍ବରୁ)
the sky, the moon, the planet, the environment, the ground, the space, the earth, the sun, the star, the world ଇତ୍ୟାଦି ।
3. ‘The’ before superlative degree (Adjective ର superlative degree ପୂର୍ବରୁ) :
the largest, the most, the best, the least, the most, etc.
4. ‘The’ before two comparative degrees (ବାକ୍ୟରେ ବ୍ୟବହୃତ ଦୁଇଟି Comparative degree ପୂର୍ବରୁ) :
The higher (c.d.) you go, the cooler (c.d.) you feel. (c.d = comparative degree)
The more (c.d.), the merrier. (c.d.)
5. Before mountains (ପର୍ବତଶ୍ରେଣୀ ପୂର୍ବରୁ)
the Himalayas, the Alps, the Rocky mountains, the Andes.
6. Before rivers/seas/oceans (ନଦୀ, ସମୁଦ୍ର ଓ ମହାସମୁଦ୍ର ପୂର୍ବରୁ) :
the Ganga, the Kaveri, the Nile (ନୀଳନଦୀ), the Mediterannean (ଭୂମଧ୍ଯସାଗର), the Pacific Ocean (ପ୍ରଶାନ୍ତ ମହାସାଗର), the Bay of Bengal (ବଙ୍ଗୋପସାଗର), the Caspian Sea.
7. Before deserts (ମରୁଭୂମି ପୂର୍ବରୁ)
the Thar (ଥର୍), the Sahara, the Atakama.
8. Before islands (ଦ୍ଵୀପପୁଞ୍ଜ ପୂର୍ବରୁ)
the Philipines, the West Indies, the Netherlands.
9. Before trains (ରେଳ ପୂର୍ବରୁ)
the Gitanjali Express, The Dhauli Express, The Konark Express, etc.
10. Before epics (ପୁରାଣ/ଧର୍ମଗ୍ରନ୍ଥ ପୂର୍ବରୁ)
the Ramayan, the Mahabharat, the Gita, the Koran, the Bible.
11. Before the ordinals (କ୍ରମିକସଂଖ୍ୟା ପୂର୍ବରୁ)
the first, the second, the last, the hundredth (ଶହେତମ)
12. Before the word ‘same ଓ radio’ (same (ସମାନ) ଓ radio ଶବ୍ଦ ପୂର୍ବରୁ the) :
He has the same shirt as mine.
People listen to the radio.
13. Before a class (ଏକ ଶ୍ରେଣୀ ପୂର୍ବରୁ)
The lion is a furious animal. (all the lions)
The giraffe is the tallest animal. (all the giraffes)
14. Before musical instruments (ସଙ୍ଗୀତଯନ୍ତ୍ର ପୂର୍ବରୁ) :
the piano, the flute (ବଂଶୀ), the violin etc.
15. Before the Nationality Adjectives (ଦେଶର ବ୍ୟକ୍ତିବିଶେଷ ପୂର୍ବରୁ) :
the Indians, the Chinese, the Americans, the Odias, the Bengalis
16. Before people in general :
the blind (the blind people), the rich (the rich people), the poor (the poor people in general)
17. Before newspapers (ସମ୍ବାଦପତ୍ର ପୂର୍ବରୁ)
the Times of India, the New Indian Express, the Samaj, the Sambad, the Dharitree etc.
18. Before countries having Union of States (ରାଜ୍ୟଗୁଡ଼ିକୁ ନେଇ ଗଠିତ ଦେଶ ପୂର୍ବରୁ) :
the United Kingdom (ଯୁକ୍ତରାଜ୍ୟ), the United States ofAmerica (ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା)
19. Before certain expressions of time (ସମୟର କେତେକ ବାକ୍ୟାଶ ପୂର୍ବରୁ) :
in the morning, in the night, in the evening, in the afternoon.
20. Before designations (ପଦବୀ ପୂର୍ବରୁ)
the Tahasildar, the headmaster, the doctor, the secretary.
21. Before repeated things / persons (ପୁନରାବୃତ୍ତି ବସ୍ତୁ/ ପଦାର୍ଥ/ ବ୍ୟକ୍ତି ପୂର୍ବରୁ)
He is a boy. This is the boy I was taking about.
I saw a car. The car was black.
22. Before hotels, cinemas, theaters and famous buildings (ପ୍ରସିଦ୍ଧ ଭୋଜନାଳୟ, ପ୍ରେକ୍ଷାଳୟ, ଅଟ୍ଟାଳିକା ପୂର୍ବରୁ)
the Taj Hotel, the Grand Cinema, the White House, the Great Wall of China, the Irish Art Gallery, etc.
Use of Indefinite Article : ‘A’ and ‘An’
1. ‘A’ before a singular countable noun beginning with a consonant sound and ‘An’ before a word beginning with a vowel sound. (ଏକବଚନୀୟ ବିଶେଷ୍ୟପଦ Vowel ବା ସ୍ବର ଧ୍ଵନିରୁ ଆରମ୍ଭ ହୋଇଥିଲେ ଏହା ପୂର୍ବରୁ an ଓ consonant ବା ବ୍ୟଞ୍ଜନ ଧ୍ଵନିରୁ ଆରମ୍ଭ ହୋଇଥିଲେ ଏହା ପୂର୍ବରୁ a ବସେ ।)
Example: a book, a pen, an orange, an apple, an umbrella, an ant, an aeroplane.
2. If the first letter ‘h’ is silent or n’t pronounced, an is used.
(ଶବ୍ଦର ପ୍ରଥମ ଅକ୍ଷର ‘h’ ଯଦି ଉଚ୍ଚାରିତ ନ ହୁଏ; ତେବେ an ବ୍ୟବହୃତ ହୁଏ)
an honest man, an honour, an hour, an heir (ଉତ୍ତରାଧିକାରୀ), an honorary, an honourable person.
3. ‘An’ before abbreviations (ଶବ୍ଦଗୁଡ଼ିକର ସଂକ୍ଷିପ୍ତ ରୂପ ପୂର୍ବରୁ ‘An’) :
an M.E. school
an L.R school
an H.B. pencil
4. Words beginning with vowels ‘E’ and ‘U’ but having consonant sounds at the beginnings, take ‘a’ before them :
5. A/An to represent each or per (ପ୍ରତି ଅର୍ଥରେ a ବା an):
eight hours a day (ଦିନକୁ ଆଠଘଣ୍ଟା)
sixty km a litre (ଲିଟରପିଛା ୬୦ କି.ମି.) once a week (ସପ୍ତାହକୁ ଥରେ)
two km an hour (ଘଣ୍ଟାକୁ ଦୁଇ କି.ମି.)
6. A/An to represent a class of persons or animals (ବ୍ୟକ୍ତିବିଶେଷ ଓ ପ୍ରାଣୀମାନଙ୍କ ସମଷ୍ଟି ବା ଜାତିକୁ ସୂଚିତ କରିବା ଅର୍ଥରେ a ବା an) :
A cow is a domestic animal. (a = all cows)
A coconut tree (all coconut trees) grows very tall.
7. To mean ‘any one’ (କୌଣସି ଗୋଟିଏ/ ଜଣକୁ ବୁଝାଇବା ଅର୍ଥରେ) :
Give me an egg. (anyone egg)
Give the beggar boy a shirt. (anyone shirt)
8. Before a particular lunch, dinner or breakfast (ଏକ ନିର୍ଦ୍ଦିଷ୍ଟ ମଧ୍ୟାହ୍ନ ଭୋଜନ, ରାତ୍ରି ଭୋଜନ ବା ସକାଳ ଜଳଖୁଆ ପୂର୍ବରୁ):
We had (ଖାଇଲୁ) a nice lunch at Mr Mishra’s residence.
I have had a heavy dinner at the wedding.
9. Before a Proper Noun with surname only for stranger (ଅଜଣା ବ୍ୟକ୍ତି କ୍ଷେତ୍ରରେ ସାଙ୍ଗିଆ ପୂର୍ବରୁ a ବସେ) :
A Mr Sahoo has written this novel.
A Dr Mohanty treated father.
10. Before numerical expressions (ସଂଖ୍ୟାବାଚକ ଶବ୍ଦ ପୂର୍ବରୁ) :
a hundred-rupee note, a two-km distance, a three-day visit, a couple (husband and wife).
11. Before descriptive nouns (ବର୍ଣନାମୂଳକ ବିଶେଷ୍ୟପଦ ପୂର୍ବରୁ a/an) (ବୃତ୍ତିଧାରଣକାରୀ) :
He is a doctor. Mr Mohanty is an engineer.
My uncle is an advocate.
Meera is a nurse
The noun which doesn’t take any article is said to have Zero-Article.
(ଯେଉଁ ବିଶେଷ୍ୟ ପଦ ପୂର୍ବରୁ କୌଣସି article ବ୍ୟବହୃତ ହୁଏ ନାହିଁ, ତାହା Zero-Article ଧାରଣା କରିଥାଏ ବୋଲି କୁହାଯାଏ।)
1. Before usual meals (ସାଧାରଣ ସବୁଦିନିଆ ଭୋଜନ ପୂର୍ବରୁ) :
Incorrect – He takes the lunch at 1p.m.
Correct – He takes lunch at 1 p.m.
Incorrect – They usually have the breakfast at 7 a.m.
Correct – They usually have breakfast at 7 a.m.
2. Before games and sports (ଖେଳ ଓ କ୍ରୀଡ଼ା ପୂର୍ବରୁ) :
Incorrect : I love the cricket.
Correct : I love cricket.
Incorrect : The football is the favourite game of the Europeans.
Correct : Football is the favourite game of the Europeans.
3. Before seasons (ଋତୁ ପୂର୍ବରୁ) :
Incorrect : I love the winter most.
Correct : I love winter most.
Incorrect : The Spring is the loveliest season.
Correct : Spring is the loveliest season.
4. Before lakes (ହ୍ରଦ ପୂର୍ବରୁ) :
Incorrect : We visited the Chilika last year.
Correct : We visited Chilika last year.
5. Before hills (ପାହାଡ଼ ପୂର୍ବରୁ) :
Incorrect : The Kapilas is in Dhenkanal.
Correct : Kapilas is in Dhenkanal.
ସାଧାରଣତଃ କେତେକ Proper Nouns ବା ନାମବାଚକ ବିଶେଷ୍ୟ; ଯଥା – ବ୍ୟକ୍ତି, ରାଜ୍ୟ, ଦେଶ, ଗ୍ରାମ, ସହର, ନଗରୀ, ବ୍ଲକ, ମାସ, ଦିନ ଇତ୍ୟାଦି ପୂର୍ବରୁ ‘The’ ବ୍ୟବହୃତ ହୁଏ ନାହିଁ । (ସାଧାରଣ ଅର୍ଥରେ)
|Without ‘THE’ (The ବିନା)||With ‘THE’ (The ସହିତ)|
|1. Institutions with primary purposes
(ପ୍ରାଥମିକ ଉଦ୍ଦେଶ୍ୟ ପାଇଁ ବ୍ୟବହୃତ ଅନୁଷ୍ଠାନ ପୂର୍ବରୁ)
⇒ I go to school everyday.
⇒ The prisoner was sent to prison.
|For other purposes (ଅନ୍ୟ ଉଦ୍ଦେଶ୍ୟରେ)
⇒ Father goes to the school every week to have a talk to the headmaster.
⇒ The woman went to the prison to see her husband.
|2. Pronoun Noun (ନାମବାଚକ ବିଶେଷ୍ୟ)
⇒ Kalidas is a great poet.
(କାଳିଦାସଙ୍କ ଭଳି କବି ।)
⇒ He is the Kalidas in our village.
|3. Abstract noun ( ଗୁଣବାଚକ ବିଶେଷ୍ୟ):
⇒ Honesty is the best policy.
|Comparing with a person (ଏକ ବ୍ୟକ୍ତିର ଗୁଣ):
⇒ The honesty of the boy is appreciable.(ପ୍ରଶଂସନୀୟ)
|4. Material Noun (ଧାତୁବାଚକ ବିଶେଷ୍ୟ) :
⇒ Gold is a costly metal
|Comparing with a place (ଏକ ସ୍ଥାନର ତୁଳନାସହ):
⇒ The gold of South Africa is of superior quality.
Textual Activities With Answers
Activity – 1
Fill in the blanks choosing the appropriate determiners from those given in the brackets.
(ବନ୍ଧନୀ ଭିତରେ ଥିବା ସଠିକ୍ determiner ଗୁଡ଼ିକୁ ବାଛି ଶୂନ୍ୟସ୍ଥାନ ପୂରଣ କର ।)
(i) _______ water is clean. (this / these)
(ii) _______ girl over there is my sister. (this / that)
(iii) The _______ boy in the queue is from my class. (one / first)
first (ordinal) queue (ଧାଡି)
(iv) _______ trees were cut off. (many/much)
Many (quantifier) trees – plural countable noun
(v) There isn’t _______ oil in the lamp. (many/much)
much oil – uncountable noun
(vi) I have _______ problems now. (a few / a little)
a few (ଅଳ୍ପକେତେକ) problem – plural countable noun
(vii) Can you draw _______ picture? (any / many)
any (picture – sigular countable noun)
(viii) He has _______ property. (much / a lot of)
a lot of (ବହୁତ) (property – uncountable) (no negative or interrogative)
(ix) Give a biscuit to _______ child. (every / each)
each (child – singular countable) (no specific number)
(x) _______ one in the meeting laughed at the joke. (each / every)
Every (one-singular count) (no definite number)
Activity – 2
There are certain errors in the order of determiners in the following sentences. Correct the errors and rewrite the sentences in the space provided. (ନିମ୍ନଲିଖତ ବାକ୍ୟମାନଙ୍କରେ ଗୁଡ଼ିକ କ୍ରମରେ କେତେକ ନିର୍ଦ୍ଦିଷ୍ଟ ଭୁଲ ରହିଛି ସେଗୁଡ଼ିକୁ ଠିକ୍ କରି ଲେଖ ।)
(i) The two last boys in the queue came late.
The last two boys in the queue came late.
(ii) His all sisters are doctors.
All his sisters are doctors.
(iii) My both sons are in school now.
Both (of) my sons are in school now.
(iv) The one-third girls will get a scholarship each.
The one-third girls will get a scholarship each.
(v) Five those boys belong to this class.
Those five boys belong to this class.
(vi) How can you tell a such thing?
How can you tell such a thing?
(vii) These all five books are new.
All these five books are new.
(viii) I got the double benefit.
I got double the benefit (ସୁବିଧା).
(ix) He has a such little knowledge!
He has such a little knowledge.
(x) The all water has become dirty.
All the water has become dirty.
Activity – 3
The writer of the passage below has made some mistakes in the use of determiners and adjectives. Underline the mistakes suggesting corrections in the right-hand margin. One has been done for you as an example.
(ଅନୁଚ୍ଛେଦର ଲେଖକ determiner ଓ ବିଶେଷଣ ପଦର ବ୍ୟବହାରରେ କେତେକ ଭୁଲ କରିଛନ୍ତି / ସେଗୁଡ଼ିକୁ ରେଖାଙ୍କିତ କରି ଡାହାଣ ପାର୍ଶ୍ବରେ ସଠିକ୍ ଉତ୍ତର ଲେଖ ।)
Madan Babu has a son and beautiful two daughters. His all children are good at study. Three years ago his son went to college. The two other children were still at school then. This year his both daughters are in the medical college. Madan Babu has to spend much money for their education. At the end of the month he has hardly much money left with him. He hopes, one day his all children will get any good employment and earn a lot. He hopes he will not borrow no more from others once his children are settled.
All his children
The other two children
both his daughters
(all his children) (some good)
Activity – 4
Fill in the blanks with a or an wherever necessary.
(ଆବଶ୍ୟକସ୍ଥଳେ a ବା an ବ୍ୟବହାର କର ।)
(i) _______ cow gives us milk.
(ii) Manoj is _______ honest (ଅନେଷ୍ଟ) worker.
(iii) Are you _______ university (ଇଉନିଭର୍ସିଟି) (consonant sound) student ?
(iv) _______ oak (ଓକ୍) (vowel sound) tree lives very long.
(v) I have been waiting here for _______ hour (ଆଓ୍ବାର୍).
(vi) _______ elephant is _______ wild (ଉଆଇଲ୍ଡ୍ – ହିଂସ୍ର) (consonant sound) animal.
(vii) The computer is _______ useful (ଇଉସଫୁଲ) (consonant sound) machine.
(viii) Capt Nayak is _______ NCC (ଏନ୍.ସି.ସି) (vowel sound) officer.
(But a National Cadet Corps officer)
Activity – 5
Fill in the blanks with ‘the’ if it is necessary, otherwise put a cross (✗) there.
(ଆବଶ୍ୟକସ୍ଥଳେ ‘the’ ବ୍ୟବହାର କର; ନ ହେଲେ ଛକି ଚିହ୍ନ ବସାଅ ।)
(i) Mr Pujari is _______ headmaster of our school.
the (headmaster – ପଦବୀ)
(ii) I can see a lot of people on _______ beach.
the (beach – ସମୁଦ୍ରକୂଳ ନିକଟସ୍ଥ ସ୍ଥାନ ପରିଚିତ)
(iii) Mina is _______ tallest girl in our class.
the (tallest – superlative degree)
(iv) This school is meant for _______ blind and _______ deaf.
the, (the (blind = ଅନ୍ଧମାନେ, the deaf = କାଲମାନେ)
(v) I cannot speak _______ French well.
✗(ଭାଷା ପୂର୍ବରୁ ‘the’ ବ୍ୟବହୃତ ହୁଏ ନାହିଁ)
(vi) _______ French are artistic people.
The (French = ଫରାସୀମାନେ ଜାତିବାଚକ ଅର୍ଥରେ ‘The’)
Activity – 6
A boy gives an account of his journey from Bhubaneswar to Kanyakumari and back. He has made some mistakes in using the articles. Underline the mistakes and write them correctly in the right hand margin against the line where they occur. One has been done for you. (ଭୁବେନଶ୍ବରରୁ କନ୍ୟାକୁମାରୀ ଓ କନ୍ୟାକୁମାରୀରୁ ଭୁବନେଶ୍ଵର ଯାତ୍ରା ବିଷୟରେ ଗୋଟିଏ ବାଳକର ଯାତ୍ରାକାଳୀନ ବିବରଣୀ ପ୍ରଦାନ କରାଯାଇଛି / article ର ବ୍ୟବହାରରେ ସେ କେତେକ ତ୍ରୁଟି କରିଛି। ଡାହାଣ ପାର୍ଶ୍ବରେ ଠିକ୍ କରି ଲେଖ ।)
We went to the station by the car and boarded the train. Travelling by the train was very enjoyable. I could see the rivers, the mountains and many other things from it. Our train rolled past the Chilika lake in hour’s time. We crossed rivers like Rusikulya in Orissa and Godavari in Andhra. We saw the people working in fields on the both sides of train line. Kanyakumari provided grand scene. Bay of Bengal and the Arabian sea meet at that point. In evening that day I could see sun setting on one side of sea and moon rising on the other. It was rare sight. Father told me that the Sri Lanka was only a few miles away from there. Palk Strait divided it from India. After a few days stay there, we went to Ooty which is on Nilgiri Hills. Ooty is cool place. We enjoyed our stay there before coming to Bangalore by the bus. Bangalore is capital of Karnatak. From there we flew by the air and reached Bhubaneswar just in two hours time!
(Besides articles, some other mistakes in the passage have been corrected)
Chilika lake, in an hour’s time
the Rusikulya, the Godavari
in the fields
the train line, grand scenery
the Bay of Bengal
In the evening, the sun
of the sea, the moon
a rare sight, Sri Lanka
The Palk Strait
the Nilgiri Hills, a cool place
by bus, the capital
two hours’ time
Activity – 7
Fill in the blanks with ‘the’ wherever necessary. Otherwise, put a cross mark (✗) in it.
(ଆବଶ୍ୟକ ସ୍ଥାନରେ ‘the’ ବ୍ୟବହାର କର / ନ ହେଲେ × ବସାଅ ।)
(i) I am going to _______ hospital to meet a friend.
the (ଦେଖିବା ଅର୍ଥରେ)
(ii) Did you come here by _______ bus or by taxi?
× (ସାଧାରଣ ଅର୍ଥରେ)
(iii) We started work in _______ morning and finished it in _______ evening.
(iv) The criminal was sent to _______ prison.
× (ମୌଳିକ ଉଦ୍ଦେଶ୍ୟ ଅର୍ଥରେ)
(v) Everyday I go to _______ bed at _______ ten O’clock.
×, × (ଶୋଇବା ପାଇଁ)
(vi) If you want to travel by _______ sea, take _______ morning ship.
× (ଜଳଯାତ୍ରା), a
(vii) You will find the book on _______ bed.
the (ସାଧାରଣ ସ୍ଥାନ)
(viii) Birds leave their nests at _______ daybreak.
(ix) It is hot during _______ day and cool during _______ night.
(x) It is difficult to see at _______ night.
Activity – 8
In the passage below a and the have been left out before some nouns. Underline the nouns and insert a or the wherever they are necessary. (ନିମ୍ନଗ୍ଧ ଅନୁଚ୍ଛେଦରେ କେତେକ ବିଶେଷ୍ୟ ପଦ ପୂର୍ବରୁ a ବା the କୁ ଉଠାଇ ଦିଆଯାଇଛି । ବିଶେଷ୍ୟ ପଦଗୁଡ଼ିକୁ ରେଖାଙ୍କିତ କରି ଆବଶ୍ୟକତା ଅନୁସାରେ ସେଗୁଡ଼ିକ ପୂର୍ବରୁ a ବା an ବ୍ୟବହାର କର ।)
Once the students of our class planned to go on picnic to Chilika. We decided to go by bus. We bought food materials we needed. We also bought wood for fuel. On way we stopped at place and got some cold drinks from shop. At picnic spot we had lot of fun. We enjoyed music and dance performed by some students. We also went to Kalijai by boat. We enjoyed boat journey very much. At noon we had our food and before evening we came back to school.
Once the students of our class planned to go on a picnic to Chilika. We decided to go by bus. We bought the food materials we needed. We also bought wood for fuel. On the way we stopped at a place and got some cold drinks from a shop. At the picnic spot we had a lot of fun. We enjoyed the music and the dance performed by some students. We also went to Kalijai by boat. We enjoyed the boat journey very much. At noon we had our food and before the evening we came back to school.
Determiners Additional Questions With Answers
Choose the appropriate determiners.
1. We have _______ problems now. (a few/ a little)
2. Can he draw _______ picture? (any / many)
3. Mr Sahu has a _ property. (much / a lot of)
a lot of
4. Give a biscuit to _______ child. (every / each)
5. _______ one in the meeting langhed at the joke. (each / every)
6. There isn’t _______ oil in the lamp. (many/much)
7. _______ trees were cut off. (Many / Much)
8. The _______ boy in the queue is from my class. (one / last)
9. _______ girl over there is my sister. (This / These)
10. _______ water is clean. (This / These)
11. I don’t know _______ person to meet. (what / which)
12. _______ colour is the sky? (Which / What)
13. _______ children are they? (Whose / Which)
14. Is there _______ water in the pot? (any / a lot of)
15. _______ children are playing. ( A few / A little)
16. _______ people were present. (Much / Many)
17. _______ pen will do. (Either / Every)
18. Where are _______ books? (my / mine)
19. You need _______ money to buy this. (many / a lot of)
a lot of
20. Mother has still _______ rice for me. (some / little)
Identify the determiners.
1. This pen writes well.
2. I met three tourists from America.
three-numeral (Cardinal number)
3. Some birds are flying.
4. I need more water.
more – quantifier
5. I have a few problems.
6. That man is deaf.
7. What time is it?
8. This is our school.
9. Every child got a prize.
10. Whose children are they?
11. This is Rahim’s pencil.
12. I don’t know which person to meet.
13. Where is your book?
14. The first girl was intelligent.
the-article, first-ordinal number (numeral)
15. Is there any water in the jug ?
any – quantifier, the-article
16. Those people are hard-working.
17. An oak tree lives for about 300 years.
18. The water in the pond is muddy.
19. A lot of people are coming.
a lot of
20. Can you draw any picture?
Fill in the blanks with an article.
1. There is _ M.E. School in our village.
2. Onion sells fifteen rupees _______ kilogram.
3. Munu is _______ NCC cadet.
4. My father is a lecturer in _______ University.
5. He is _______ honourable person.
6. My friend hosted _______ dinner for us.
7. I need _______ hundred rupee.
8. _______ oak tree lives very long.
9. Cow is _______ useful animal.
10. We waited for him for _______ hour.
11. Mr. Prasanna Patsani is _______ M.P.
12. He is _______ tallest boy in our class.
13. _______ Taj Mahal is very famous.
14. Vishnu Sharma wrote _______ Panchatantra.
15. He knew how to play _______ guitar.
16. _______ English left India in 1947.
17. _______ blind depend on others.
18. _______ Andamans is an island.
19. _______ UAE is an Islamic country.
20. _______ Mahandi flows through Odisha.
21. I visited _______ Eiffel Tower in Paris.
22. The sun rises in _______ east.
23. I am going to _______ hospital to see my friend’s mother.
24. Puri stands on _______ Bay of Bengal.
25. Mr. P. K. Prusty is _______ headmaster of our school.
26. Everyday I read _______ Times of India.
27. _______ Geeta is a holy book.
28. He is coming on _______ next train.
29. I listen to _______ radio everyday.
30. The earth moves round _______ sun.
Rewrite the sentences putting the determiners in right order.
1. My both daughters are in college now.
Both my daughters are in college now.
2. The one third boys will get a prize each.
The one-third boys each will get a prize.
3. His all brothers are teachers.
All his brothers are teachers.
4. The two first girls in the queue came late.
The first two girls in the queue came late.
5. I got double the benefit.
I got the double benefit.
6. The all water has become dirty.
All the water has become muddy.
7. He has a such little knowledge.
He has such a little knowledge.
8. Five those boys belong to this class.
Those five boys belong to this class.
9. How can you tell a such thing?
How can you tell such a thing?
10. These all five books are new.
All these five books are new.