Odisha State Board CHSE Odisha Class 11 Alternative English Solutions Grammar Prepositions Exercise Questions and Answers.
CHSE Odisha Class 11 Alternative English Grammar Prepositions
What is a Preposition?
A Preposition is a word like on, at, to, up, off, by about etc. Which is used to establish a relationship between words in a sentence.
However, without the Preposition the sentence becomes meaningless. That is why the use of appropriate preposition is so important.
1. The train left at 2 O’clock.
2. I am sorry for my mistake.
3. They talked about the plan.
4. Don’t sit on that broken chair.
5. He was not born of rich parents.
In the above sentences, at, for, about, on, and of are prepositions.
Kinds of Prepositions :
The Prepositions can be classified as the following five kinds, such as
1) Simple Preposition: as- at, to, on, by, for, of, with etc.
2) Compound Preposition: as- about, within, until, into, before etc.
3) Participle Preposition: as- during etc.
4) Phrasal Preposition: as- along with, by virtue of, by way of, on behalf of, on account, of etc.
5) Double Preposition: as, from among, from beneath, from under, out of etc.
Use Of certain Prepositions :
1. The use of ‘At’
1) To show definite time.
Ex- I get up at 6 A.M.
2) To show definite location.
Ex-My mother, is at home.
3) Used before the name of a village.
Ex- I live at Pratapur.
4) Used before the name of a city.
Ex- I was born at Cuttack.
5) It is used before the name of a colony.
Ex- Priya lives at Basanti Colony.
6) Used, before dawn, noon and night.
Ex- I go to the temple at dawn, at noon and at night.
7) To show the rates. Ex-Petrol is selling at fifty rupees a litre.
2. The use of ‘In’’
1) To indicate a definite place.
Ex- The Principal is in his office.
2) Used before the name of a province.
Ex-I was bom in Odisha.
3) Used before the name of a big city.
Ex-I study in Kolkata.
4) Used before the name of a country.
Ex- Utkal University is in India.
5) To show the duration of an action.
Ex-1 shall finish my break-fast in ten minutes.
6) To show context.
Ex- In my opinion, she is quite blank.
7) To show financial condition.
Ex- Mamata was born in poverty.
8) To show the month and year which prolong for some time.
Ex- Gandhiji was bom in October in 1869.
9) Used before morning, evening and afternoon.
Ex- I study in the morning and in the evening, but rest in the afternoon.
3. The uses of ‘To’
1) Used before destination.
Ex- I go to College daily.
2) To tell/show time.
Ex- It is ten minutes to two.
3) Used before an infinite verb.
Ex-1 want to buy a pencil
4) To show relation.
Ex- What is she to you?
4. The use of ‘Into’
1) To show movement towards a place.
Ex- She fell into a well
2) To change the form.
Ex- Translate this passage into English.
5. The use of ‘On’
1) To classify the position of something.
Ex-1 have written a book on translation.
2) To show contact with a place.
Ex- We sleep in the roof.
3) Used before a day.
Ex-I shall visit your house on Monday.
4) Used before a date.
Ex- India became a Republic on 26th January, 1950.
6. The use of ‘Upon’
1) To show movement towards a higher position.
Ex- The cat pounced upon a rat.
7. The use of ‘After’
1) To show sometime or position meaning later than.
Ex- It was after 10 p.m., when we ran after the thief.
8. The use of ‘Behind’
1) To show some place ‘at the back of.
Ex- Who is hiding behind the wall.
9. The use of ‘Within’
1) To show the position of time in between the specified limit.
Ex- He will return within a week.
2) To show the boundary/boundlessness of a place.
Ex- Women live within the four walls of the house.
10. The use of ‘Before
1) It is used prior to some time.
Ex-I shall finish my work before Sunset.
11. The use of ‘Above’ and ‘Over’
1) To show upper position.
Ex- Keep your head above water.
2) To show a much higher position;
Ex- The sky is over pur head.
12. The use of ‘Between’
1) Used with two persons.
Ex- My book is between Kaberi and Supriya.
2) Showing the intervening places.
Ex- There is a distance of 30 km. between Cuttack and Bhubaneswar.
3) Showing two pronouns.
Ex- There is no secret between him and you.
4) Showing two tilings/items. Ex- There is
no similarity between your book and my book.
13. The use of ‘Among’
1) Used in between more than two places.
Ex- There is no difference of culture among Cuttack, Bhubaneswar and Puri.
2) Used in between more than two persons.
Ex- Divide these bananas, among these ten boys.
14. The use of ‘By’
1) Shows persons as doers.
Ex- Tea has been taken by the guests.
Used to refer according to.
Ex- What is the time by your watch?
To show last limit of time.
Ex- You have to finish this work by 6 p.m.
4) To show means of an action.
Ex- We go to school by train.
5) To show the way of an action.
Ex- She caught you by the collar.
6) To show measuring instruments.
Ex- Apples are sold by the kilogram.
15. The use of ‘With’
1) Showing harmful instrument.
Ex- Why did you stab him with a knife?
2) To show a companion doing same action.
Ex- Who was playing with you.
16. The use of ‘Till’
1) To show time limit.
Ex-I shall wait for you till Sunset.
17. The use of ‘Under’ and ‘Below
1) To show a lower position in place.
Ex- A .cat set under the table.
2) To show a lower rank in service.
Ex- Kamala is below Sarita in the office.
18. The use of ‘Besides’ and ‘Besides’
1) Used to refer by the side of.
Ex- The baby has slept beside it mother.
2) Used to refer in addition to.
Ex- Besides being punished, he was expelled from the college.
19. The use of ‘Of’
1) To show relationship.
Ex- She is the daughter of a rich man
20. The uses of ‘Off’
1) Used to disconnect the function.
Ex- Switch off the light.
2) To show separation from upwards to downwards.
Ex- She ft off the tree.
21. The uses of ‘from’
1) To show the starting point.
Ex- She has come direct from home
To show time.
Ex-I shall start my revision from tomorrow.
To show the source.
Ex- This is a quotation from Kalidas.
22. The uses of ‘Since’
1) To show reason.
Ex- I cannot take exercise since I am ill.
To show point of time.
Ex- I have been reading since morning.
23. The uses of ‘For’
1) To show an indefinite period of time.
Ex- She has been reading for five hours.
2) To show exact period of time.
Ex- Lend me your book for day.
24. The use of ‘Towards’
To show direction.
Ex- She went towards the post office.
Exercise For Practice
1 Fill in the following blanks with suitable prepositions:
1. Your house is __________ the road.
2. She is __________ the thumb of her mother-in-law.
3. The water on the road is __________ my knees.
4. I shall return __________ at 8 O’clock.
5. Should I wait for you __________ 9 O’clock
6. Ram beat his daughter __________ a stick.
7. We are Brahmins __________ caste.
8. Sit_________ me for a while.
9. It has been drizzling __________ morning.
10. The kidnappers left Rajeswari __________ for years.
11. My house is __________ the Super Market.
12. The ornaments were divided equally the two daughters.
13. She jumped_____________ the river.
14. Return the library books___________ a week
15. The tiger jumped __________ the goat.
16. You can stay with us ___________ a month.
17. Where are you coming __________?
18. A pen is to write __________?
19. I shall ring to you__________ 7 O’clock
20. There is no hair___________ his head.
1. Your house is above the road.
2. She is under the thumb of her mother-in-law.
3. The water on the road is below my knees.
4. I shall return by 8 O’clock.
5. Should I wait for you till 9 O’clock?
6. Ram beat his daughter with a stick.
7. We are Brahmins by caste.
8. Sit beside me for a while.
9. It has been drizzling since morning.
10. The kidnappers left Raieswari after four years.
11. My house is behind the Super Market.
12. The ornaments were divided equally between the two daughters.
13. She jumped into the river.
14. Return the library books within a week.
15. The tiger jumped upon the goat.
16. You can stay with us for a month.
1 7. Where are you coming from?
18. A pen is to write with.
19. I shall ring to you at 7 O’clock.
20. There is no hair on his head.
Words followed by appropriate Prepositions:
1. Abide by: She failed to abide by her promise.
2. Absorb in: My mother is absorbed in household duties.
3. Abstain from: A wise man should abstain from drink.
4. Accede to: I cannot accede to your silly request.
5. Access to: We have an easy access to the librarian.
6. Accuse of: He was accused of murder.
7. Admitted to: I have been admitted to +2 Science.
8. Agree to: She did not agree to my proposal.
9. Agree with: Do you agree with me or not?
10. Aim at The fowler aimed at the crow.
11. Alarmed at: I was alarmed at the sight of a snake.
12. Amuse with: I amused him with titbits.
13. Angry with: Why are you angry with me?
14. Afraid of: I am afraid of my teachers.
15. Appeal to The red colour does not appeal to me.
16. Apologise to, for: He apologised to you for my folly.
17. Apply to, for: He applied to the Principal for leave.
18. Approve of: I never approve of her conduct.
19. Arrive at: The train arrived at the station in time.
20. Annoyed with: You were annoyed with me at my misbehavior.
21. Associate with: You will ruin yourself if you associate with bad girls.
22. Assure of: The teacher assured us of help.
23. Astonished at: I was astonished at your failure.
24. Ask of, for: I asked of my neighbour for a loan of five hundred rupees.
25. Abound in: The pond abounds in fish.
26. Attend to: Attend to what your mother says.
27. Attend upon: You should attend upon your aged parents.
28. Believe in: I believe in Godly help.
29. Beg for: The beggar begged a rupee of me.
30. Beware of: Beware of your neighbour’s dog.
31. Bark at: Dogs bark at the strangers.
32. Back out: Never back out of your promise.
33. Belong to Prakash belongs to the family of writers.
34. Bent on: Our neighbour is bent on harming us.
35. Bless with: Prakash has been blessed with a son.
36. Blind of: Mohan was blind of one eye.
37. Blind to: You are blind to the defects of your brother.
38. Boast of: Never boast of your riches.
39. Born in: Sukanti was born in Gautam family.
40. Born of: I was not born of rich parents.
41. Born to: A daughter was born to Krishna.
42. Busy with: Always remain busy with your work.
43. Borrow from: You had borrowed a pen from me
44. Call at: I shall call at your house tonight.
45. Call on: Will you call on me today?
46. Care for: Nobody cars for a poor man.
47. Charge with: Jaggu was charged with murder.
48. Cheat of: Hari Chand cheated me often rupees
49. Complain of: She always complains of headache.
50. Complain to: I have complained to the Postmaster against the postman.
51. Come by: How did you come by this suitcase?
52. Collide with: Two buses collided with each other.
53. Cling to: The body is clinging, to its mother.
54. Comply with: I cannot comply with your request.
55. Compare to: Eyes are compared to a Lily.
56. Compare with : Compare Lal Bahadur with Jawahar Lal.
57. Control over The teacher has no control over his class.
58. Confident of: I am confident of my success.
59. Congratulate on: I congratulate you on your success.
60. Conscious of: You are not conscious of your weakness.
61. Consist of: This exercise book consists of one hundred pages.
62. Contented with: Nobody is contented with his lot.
63. Cured of: She .could not be cured of cancer.
64. Deal in: I deal in tea leaves.
65. Deal with: He does not know how to deal with others.
66. Depend upon: Never depend upon others.
67. Deprive of: Nobody can deprive me of my share.
68. Desire for: I have no desire for health.
69. Die of: He died of Pneumonia.
70. Die from: He died from overwork.
71. Differ with: The two brothers differ with each other in their views.
72. Different from: Your younger brother is totally different from you.
73. Devoid of: You are devoid of common sense.
74. Disgusted with: I am disgusted with overwork.
75. Dispense with: The mill owner has dispensed with his services.
76. Dispose of: I want to dispose of my scooter.
77. Distinguish between: I cannot distinguish between gold and brass.
78. Eligible for: I am not eligible for this post.
79. Equal to One kilometre is equal to one thousand meters.
80. Envious of: Don’t be envious of others’ success.
81. Enquire of: Enquired of him about his parents.
82. Escape from: The thief escaped from the police station.
83. Essential to Good health is essential to success in life.
84. Expect of: She never expected this of him.
85. Exception to: There is an exception to every rule.
86. Exempt from: The Principal has exempted Akash from the payment of fine.
87. Familiar to: Her face is familiar with Mukesh.
89. Faith in: Have you no faith in me?
90. Famous for: Agra is famous for the Taj Mahal.
91. Feed on: The tiger feeds on flesh.
92. Feel for: The rich should feel for the poor.
93. Free from: Nobody is free from worries.
94. Free with: I am not free with my teachers.
95. Fight for: We should fight for our rights.
96. Filled with: His brain is filled with dirt.
97. Fond of: Children are fond of toys and toffees.
98. Furnished with: Your house is not furnished with modem items.
99. Gifted with: Mohit is gifted with a sweet voice.
100. Give up: Give up smoking.
101. Glad at: I am glad at your success.
102. Good at: I am not good at painting.
103. Grateful to: I am grateful to you for your help.
104. Grumble at: Never grumble at your lot.
105. Guard against: Guard yourself against silly companions.
106. Guilty of: You are guilty of misbehaviour.
107. Glance at: Don’t glance at strangers.
108. Hard up: My father is hard up these days.
109. Hanker after: Do not hanker after wealth.
110. Heir to: The eldest son used to be the heir to his father’s property.
111. Hinder from: Don’t hinder me from doing graduation.
112. Hatred for: I have a great hatred for smugglers.
113. Honest in: Try to be honest in your dealings.
114. Hope for: Always do your very best and hope for the best.
115. Hopeful of: I am quite hopeful of my success.
116. Ignorant of: Man is ignorant of his success.
117. Ill with: Today, I am ill with fever.
118. Inform of: I shall inform you of my arrival.
119. Indifferent to: He is indifferent to his health.
120. Inferior to Madan is inferior to me in caste.
121. Injurious to: Drinking is injurious to health.
122. Interest in: I have no interest in painting.
123. Introduce to: I shall introduce you to my sister.
124. Insist on: She insisted on accompanying me.
125. Intimate with: I am not intimate with Priyanka.
126. Invite to: I am inviting you to a tea party.
127. Jealous of: Why is he jealous of my success?
128. Junior to: I am junior to Rahul in service.
129. Kind to: Be kind to all the creatures.
130. Knock at: Who is knocking at the door?
131. Known by: We are known by the company we keep.
132. Known for: Birbal was known for his witty remarks.
133. Known to: She is not known to me.
134. Lame of Priti is lame of one leg.
135, Laugh at Never laugh at the poor.
136. Lead to: Thus road will lead you to the hospital.
137. Lean against: Do not lean against the wall.
138. Listen to: Listen to what your teacher says.
139. Long for Who does not long for a long life?
140. Look at: Look at this silly fellow.
141. Loyal to: Be loyal to your master.
142. Match for: Dimple is no match for John.
143. Meddle with: Don’t meddle with
144. Mix with: Don’t mix with bad children.
145. Need of: I am in need of a housemaid.
146. Notorious for: Rajeswari is notorious for pick-pocketing.
147. Obedient to: Be obedient to your elders.
148. Object to: I object to your proposal.
149. Oblivious of: I am not oblivious of my surroundings.
150. Oblivious to: I was quite oblivious to the risk.
151. Part from: The bride parted from her girl friends in tears.
152. Part with: I cannot part with this costly pen.
153. Pity on: Take pity on this poor body.
154. Play upon: I cannot play upon the harmonium.
155. Pray to: I shall pray to God for success.
156. Preside over: He presided over the function.
157. Prevent from: Don’t prevent your sister from studying further.
158. Pride in: Your pride in your achievement is justified.
159. Pride of: The new car was the pride of the whole family.
160. Popular with: Our library incharge is popular with the students.
161. Profit by: You should profit by others experience.
162. Proud of: Deepti was not proud of her beauty.
163. Qualified for: I am fully qualified for the post of Superintendent.
164. Quarrel with: Never quarrel with anybody on trifles.
165. Quarrel over: The two ladies quarreled over their children.
166. Recover from: I have recovered from illness.
167. Refer to: Please refer to my application dated the 8th instant.
168. Refrain from: You should refrain from telling a lie.
169. Rejoice at: She rejoiced at her success.
170. Rely on: I cannot rely on that fair-weather friend.
171. Related to: I am not related to her.
172. Remember to: Remember me to your parents.
173. Remind of: Should I remind you of my application again.
174. Repent of: Sandeep repented of his meanness.
175. Reply to: Why did she not reply to your letter?
176. Respect for: I have no respect for cheats.
177. Rob of: A drunkard is robbed of his health and wealth.
178. Send for: Send for the doctor at once.
179. Search for: I am searching for my lost diary.
180. Search of: He is in search of a suitable job.
181. Satisfied with: I am not -satisfied with my present job.
182. Shiver with: Everyone shivers with cold in winter.
183. Shocked at: I was shocked at my uncle’s death.
184. Sick of The beggar is sick of his wretched life.
185. Sony for: I am sorry for being late.
186. Stare at: Why are you staring at that gentle lady?
187. Stare in: Death ever stares us in the face.
188. Superior to My watch is superior to yours.
189. Sure of: Everyone is sure of death.
190. Surprise at: Everybody was surprised at my success.
191. Suspect of: The police suspected him of murder.
192. Sympathy for: I have no sympathy for mean fellows.
193. Sympathise with: I sympathised with the old woman and gave her some money.
194. Take for: I took Rina for Meena.
195. Talk about: Let us talk about modem politicians.
196. Taste for: I have no taste for painting.
197. Teem with: Our farmhouse teems with rats.
198. Think over: I am thinking over my problems.
199. Tired of: I am tired of this miserable life.
200. Tremble with: He was trembling with fear.
201. True to: I am always true to my word.
202. Trust in: Trust in God and do the right.
203. Trust with: Do not trust the stranger with your suitcase.
204. Treat as: I treated his remark as joke.
205. Unfit for: A lame person is unfit for military job.
206. Useful to, for: A morning walk is useful to us for our health.
207. Vie with: The two rivals vied with each other.
208. Vote for: I always vote for a suitable candidate.
209. Wait for: I was waiting for your letter.
210. Wait upon/on: The waiter waits upon the customers.
211. Wait in: I waited in all days but you did not come.
212. Want in: Puspa is wanting in common sense.
213. Warn of: I warned him of the results of drinking.
214. Weary of: I am weary of old age.
215. Wonder at: I wondered at the beauty of the Taj Mahal.
216. Worthy of: The one-eyed and ugly girl is not worthy of her husband.
217. Yield to: I shall not yield to
218. Zeal for: She has a great zeal for outdoor life.
Exercise For Practice
Supply suitable prepositions in the blanks below:
1. pratap is addicted __________ smoking.
2. She has np chance ____________ getting a good job.
3. I have no need __________ his help.
4. I am not in ___________ anybody’s help.
5. I am occupied ___________ an important job.
6. Why don’t you aim __________ becoming a good girl.
7. I have no difficulty ___________ learning English.
8. He prevented his son ___________ gambling.
9. Why are you bent ___________ teasing him.
10. I could not act __ her advice.
11. Have you applied __________ leave.
12. He was annoyed __________his mischief.
13. Believe ___________ what I say __________ you.
14. I have a passion __________ reading articles.
15. He-is not inclined ___________ agree with you ___________ this point.
16. The train is bound ____________ Mumbai.
17. She appealed __________ me __________ a railway concession form.
18. Aren’t you tired ___________ sitting idle’?
19. She is very ambitious __________name and fame.
20. You begged mercy ___________ your neighbour.
21. This man deals __________ vegetable.
22. I don’t rely ___________ you in this, matter.
23. He is ___________ God.
24. She shouted ____________ help.
25. She is longing __________ her dead mother.
1. Pratap is addicted to smoking.
2. She has no chance of getting a good job.
3. I have no need for his help.
4. I am not in need of anybody’s help.
5. I am occupied with an important job.
6. Why don’t you aim at becoming good girl.
7. I have no difficulty m learning English.
8. He prevented his son from gambling.
9. Why are you bent on teasing him?
10. I could not act upon her advice.
11. Have you applied for leave?
12. He was annoyed at his mischief.
13. Believe Jn what I say to you.
14. I have a passion for reading articles.
15. He is not inclined to agree with you on this point.
16. The train is bound for Mumbai.
17. She appealed, to me for a railway concession form.
18. Aren’t you tired of sitting idle?
19. She is very ambitious of name and
20. You begged mercy of your neighbour.
21. This man deals in vegetables.
22. I don’t rely upon/on you in this matter.
23. He is against God.
24. She shouted for help.
25. She is longing for her dead mother.