Odisha State Board CHSE Odisha Class 12 Approaches to English Book 2 Solutions Short Stories Chapter 1 The Happy Man Textbook Exercise Questions and Answers.
CHSE Odisha 12th Class Alternative English Solutions Short Stories Chapter 1 The Happy Man
Questions For Discussion
Why was the narrator always hesitant to give advice?
The narrator has always hesitated to give advice because how can one advise another how to act unless one knows that other is as well as one knows oneself?
“Each of us is a prisoner in a solitary town How does this statement reflect on human life?
Everybody is in shackles. Man is not free. All human beings are like creatures in bondage and he is unable to take any independent decisions.
Does the paragraph logically lead to the story? Where do you find the connection?
Yes, the paragraph is logically connected which leads to the story, “Life in a difficult ‘ business…provides the clue.
Why did Stephens meet the narrator? What made him do so?
Stephens had come to meet the narrator of the story to know whether any English doctor has worked in Spain. He did so because the narrator had written a book on that.
What impression do you form about Stephens from his account of life at Camberwell? Is he happy with it?
Stephens was a doctor who had been brought up by two old aunts. He was poor and had been married six years ago. He had no children.
Why does he want to go to Spain?
There was no English doctor in Spain and the present lifestyle which he did not relish made him want to go to Spain.
Would you call him a romantic? Give reasons for our Answers
Themainwasromantic who gave more emphasis on emotion without thinking about the fixture.
What does the narrator suggest to Stephens finally?
The narrator finally suggested Stephensifhe did not want money and was content to earn just enough to keep body and soul together, he should go. Because he would lead a wonderful life.
Derive adjectives from the following:
Words – AdjectiveForms
wonder – wonderful
habit – habitual
hesitate – hesitant
emotion – emotional
occasion – occasional
difficulty – difficult
satisfaction – satisfactory
quickly – quick
practice – practical
feet – factual
mind – mental
knowledge – knowledgeable
information – informative
thought – thoughtful
book – bookish
Spain – Spanish
silence – silent
absence – absent
confidence – confident
apology – apologetic
laugh – laughable
preciously – precise
marriage – marital
force – forcible
face – facial
hair – hairy
money – monetary
Questions For Discussion
What change in place and time do you find in this section of the story?
There is a change in place and time in this section of the story. The doctor has shifted to Spain and the time gap is around fifteen years.
Why does Stephens refuse to accept fees from the narrator? Do his words acknowledge his gratitude for the right suggestion of the narrator given to him years ago?
Stephens refused to accept fees from the narrator as a token gesture of gratitude for the right suggestion the narrator had given to him a year ago.
What impression would you get about Stephens from his changed appearance
The changed appearance of Stephen in Spain suggests that he has become fit and bold. There is a sea change in his physical body politics.
In which context does Stephens say, “life is full of compensation’? What light does it draw on his character?
When the narrator asked that he was married Stephens expressed his sorrow to say about his wife who did not like Spain and went back to Camberwell where she felt homely. He said, ’’Life is full of comprehension. This makes clear that Stephens had accepted the gains and losses of life.
Does the concluding passage reveal an attitude toward life? What kind of attitude
would you call it?
The concluding passage of the story reveals an attitude toward life. It tells the man to earn just enough money to keep body and soul together.
Where does happiness lie in the word of the protagonist?
According to the protagonist, happiness lies in earning just enough money to keep the body and soul together, and in enjoying life being poor.
Does the narrator favor a life of emancipation from conventionalities and stereotypes?
The narrator favors a life of emancipation from the conventionalities and stereotypes of life warranting man together self and riches. But the narrator tells that one can enjoy life being poor.
Which one of the following do you find in Stephens that most appropriately
(a) a cynical attitude
(b) a pleasure-loving temperament
(c) morbidity born of frustrations
(d) A quest for freedom from conventions
(d)Aquest for freedom from conventions
Can you guess what could happen if his wife had not deserted him?
He could not have been free to go to Spain.
Can you call him “TheHappyMan”? Give reasons for your answer.
He is “The Happy Man” because he is quite free and he enjoys life even in being poor. He does not run after money.
Questions For Composition
…………………. but by heaven I’ve enjoyed myself. I could not exchange the life I have had with that of any kind in the world”. Make a critical estimate ofStephensin the light of the given statement.
The short story’s happy man” is written by William Somerset Maugham, an eminent and outstanding storyteller. He has written more than 100 stories. However, his stories express a realistic portrait of the degenerated society given to selfish pleasure and hedonism with no respect for human values or scruples encompasses a large area of human experience. In this light, Maugham’s story is superb and fantastic. It is really, the most typical story fall is a collection. However, the present story reveals that Stephens may not embody the essentials and philosophy of a happy man in a metaphysical sense, but projects undoubtedly a new vision and perspective.
What we notice is intimist spiritual attainment, but an abandonment of took-for-granted life and relationship in favor of a life of sunshine, color, and mirth. In him is there a quest for freedom and the pursuit of bohemian life. Maugham seems to provide a new pattern and direction to life through his protagonist. Yet the undertone of irony is apparent to the discerning reader. However, Stephens, following the suggestions of the narrator decided to stay in Spain. He went there at last. His wife did not back to Camberwell where she was even more Homely. But he enjoyed his work in Spain. He was very fat and bold. But his eyes twinkled gaily and his fleshy, red face bore an expression of perfect good humor.
The clothes he wore were terribly shabby. He earned just enough money to keep his body and soul together, but he should lead a wonderful life. Poor has he been and poor shall he always be, but by heaven, he has enjoyed himself. He says emphatically that he would not exchange the life he had with that of any king of the world. As a matter of feet, Maugham’s treatment of life through Stephens is most fascinating and heart-touching Maugham is, in fact, a keen observer of human attitude, on the whole, he has tried his level best to depict a full-fledged manner. Therefore, the way he has portrayed Stephens is superb and fantastic.
Critically comment on the title of the story.
The short story“The happy man” is undoubtedly the best typical masterpiece of William Somerset Maugham, a prominent and outstanding storyteller of the twentieth century. Maugham is a prolific writer writing novels, short stories, plays, etc. in one. Hismasteryto provides appropriate titles to his writings is really outstanding. He has written more than 100 short stories. All these are repleted with a realistic portrait of the selfish pleasure and hedonism of society. However, the title of the work of art must be apt and suggestive. It should be precise, concise, and condensed.
Its motto should be to communicate reality vehemently. It should be just like a gorgeous, colorful signboard. It also speaks out the contents, of the shop from its very appearance. The titles are expressive of the contents of the work of art. The story, here, tells us about the life of a man who happens to be the happiest. However, Stephens comes to the narrator to know whether it would be better to go to Spain as a doctor. His future was involved in it and the narrator suggested to him that he had to earn just enough money to keep his body and soul together. He, however, decided to go there. But he was married. His wife did not cooperate with him. She never likes Spain and went back to Camberwellwhere she felt homely.
Stephens went alone and lived there happily. He led a wonderful life there. Poorhehadbeen and enjoyed himself like anything. He would not exchange the life he had with that of any kind in the world. The last lines of the story are themselves expressive of the feet that the protagonist of the story “TheHappyMan” has. The title bears the justification for the right caption of the story. As a matter of fact, the title of the story is most appropriate and suggestive. The way Maugham justified Stephens as the happiest man is really superb, alluring, elevating, and excellent.
Derive nouns forms the following:
Supply suitable articles:
1. He is_________ M.A
He is an M.A
2. I drank________ cup red tea.
I drank a cup of red tea
3. I have not seen such_______ temple.
I have not seen such a temple
4. He is_____ eunuch.
He is a eunuch.
5. The cow is_______useful animal.
The cow is a useful animal.
6. I covered_____half a mile.
I covered a half mile
7. He is ______washerman.
He is a washerman.
8. He is_______honourable man.
He is an honorable man.
9. She is__________M.L.A.
She is an M.L.A.
10. He is_______M.P.
He is an M.P
Gopal is a beggar.
12. I saw_________tiger.
I saw a tiger
13. ________cow is auseful animal.
A cow is a useful animal.
14. _______poor should be helped.
The poor should be helped.
15. He is _______one-eyed man.
He is a one-eyed man.
16. Hari is___farmer.
Hari is a farmer.
17. Give me____umbrella.
Give me an umbrella.
18. She saw_______tiger_______forest.
She saw a tiger in a forest
19. ______brave should be rewarded.
A brave should be rewarded
20. What__________big temple.
What a big temple.
21. There was______little water in the glass.
There was a little water in the glass.
22. Rambabu is______ readerin English.
Rambabu is a reader of English
23. ______universities cricket team came to this place to play a friendly match.
A university cricket team came to this place to play a friendly match.
24. Give me __________ half kilo potato.
Give me a half kilo of potato.
25. ___________ few people were present in the meeting.
A few people were present at the meeting.
26. I like _________ red wine with lunch.
I like a red wine with lunch.
27. London is_________ city.
London is a city.
28. We electedhim as__________ M.L.A.
We elected him as an M.L.A.
29. __________Ramayan is_______ famous epic.
The Ramadan is a famous epic.
30. I shall backin__________hour.
I shall be back in an hour.
31. I read_________Prajatantra every day.
I read the Prajatantra every day.
32. He is holding________umbrella.
He is holding an umbrella
33. He is__________ one – eyed.
He is a one-eyed.
34. I like thebeauty of__________ Himalayas.
I like the beauty of the Himalayas
35. ___________elephant is a strong animal.
An elephant is a strong animal.
36. I like to give_________ useful present.
I like to give a useful present.
37. London is in _________ Thames.
London is in the Thames.
38. Is there_______ school in this town?
Is there a school in this town?
39. He is__________ principalofour college.
He is the principal of our college.
40. He is________lecturer.
He is a lecturer.
41. _________Mahanadi is the longest river of Odisha.
The Mahanadi is the longest river in Odisha.
42. He is__________ lecturer.
He is a lecturer.
43. I saw_______ snake and_______ snake rushed towards me.
I saw a snake and the snake rushed towards me.
44. I went by_________ Konark Express.
I went by the Konark Express.
45. She is___________ actress.
She is an actress.
46. I like________ mangoes you eat.
I like the mangoes you eat.
47. He is speaking like __________ Kalidas.
He is speaking like a Kalidas.
48. She is________ mostbeautiful womanofour village.
She is the most beautiful woman in our village.
49. He is____________first person to come.
He is the first person to come.
50. There was__________ temple.
There was a temple.
51. Sitais swimmingin __________ pond.
Sita is swimming in thepond.
52. He aremaking__________union.
He is making a union.
53. _______ Gita is_________ sacred book.
The Gita is a sacred book.
54. He is________ European.
He is a European
55. It is _________ great honor to be invited to the ceremony.
It is a great honor to be invited to the ceremony
56. _________ I have a glass of milk.
Could I have a glass of milk?
57. I _________ be twenty on my next birthday.
I will be twenty on my next birthday.
58. Why_________ women be paid less than men for doing the same?
Why should women be paid less than men for doing the same?
59. I________wear a coat today it is quite warm.
I need not wear a coat today it is quite warm.
60 __________ I close the door.
Shall I close the door?
61. It mayrain you_________ carryan umbrella.
It may rain you should carry an umbrella.
62. It is late. You __________ go to bed.
It is late. You should go to bed.
63. You_______hurry, there is enough time.
You need not hurry, there is enough time
64. __________ you lend me your pen, please.
Could you lend me your pen, please
65. India_________ take active steps to reduce population growth.
India should take active steps to reduce population growth.
66. _______ you open the window, please?
Could you open the window, please?
67. I am afraid the weather____________not improve for another two or three days.
I am afraid the weather might not improve for another two or three days
68. You________respect your teacher.
You should respect your teacher.
69. ________you stand on your hands.
Can you stand on your hands?
70. After four he______ write well.
After four he could write well.
71. __________ you lend me Rs 50?
Could you lend me Rs 50?
You might have at times thought about who a happy man is. What do you think brings happiness to one’s life?
(i) It is something related to wealth and material comforts.
(ii) Or is it purely a state of mind, with nothing much to do with one’s financial status or social or social position?
(iii) Does it he in a life of adventure and romance, a life of freedom and carefree enjoyment away who is a happy man?
Notes On The Writer:
William SomersetMaugham(1874-1965) is a prolific writer of the twentieth century having to his credit about 17 novels, 32 plays, more than 100 short stories, two travelogues, and two treatises containing his views of life and literature. Amonghisnovels “OfHumanBondage”. “The Moon and Six Pence” “The Printed VeilCakes and” and ‘The Razor’s Edge” have earned him critical acclaim.
His novels, plays, and short stories give a realistic portrait of a degenerate society, a society given to selfish pleasures and hedonism with no respect for human values or scruples encompassing a larger area of human experience. Most of them depicted the crumbling of the institution of marriage, which has almost become a tightrope around the neck of the spouse’s affair, such indulgences often leading to promiscuity. With deft and dexterous use of irony and satire, his vision grows from a study of the wider spectrum of life to an affirmation of its meaning at the individual level.
A careful reading of the story reveals that Stephens may not embody the essentials and philosophy happy man in a metaphysical sense, but projects undoubtedly a new vision and perspective. What we notice is intimist spiritual attainment but an abandonment of taken-for-granted life and relationship in favor of a life of sunshine, color, and mirth. Intimate there is a quest for freedom and the pursuit of bohemian life. Maugham seems to provide a new pattern and direction to life through his protagonist. You have the undertone of irony apparent to the discerning reader.
It is a dangerous thing to order the lives of others and it has been often a wonder that the politicians, reforms, and such like who are prepared to force upon their fellow measures that must alter their manners, habits, and points of view making a strong confidence in this regard. The thoughts and emotions of the neighbors can only be guessed. Life is a difficult business and it is found hard enough to make a complete and rounded thing.
The narrator was a young man who lived in a modem apartment in London near Victoria Station. Late one afternoon, when he was beginning to think he had worked enough for that day, he heard a ring at the bell. He opened the doorto atotal stranger. He asked the narrator’s name. He asked to come in and he did it instantly. He led the stranger to his sitting room and told him to sit down. He seemed a trifle embarrassed. He also offered him cigarettes.
The stranger said that his name was Stephens and he was a doctor. He said that the has read a book by the narrator about Spain and he wanted to ask him about that. The book is not so good. The fact remains that he knows something about there’s no one else who knew it so well. He was silent for a movement. He reached out for his seat and held. It is one hand absentmindedly stroking it with the other. He surmised that it gave him confidence.
Paragraphs – (11-12)
He was brought up by two old aunts. He has never been anywhere. He has been married for six years. He has no children. He is a medical officer at the Camberwell Infirmary. There was something very striking in the short, sharp sentences he used. They heard a force bring. He had ’ not given him more than a cursory glance, but then looked at him with curiosity. He was a little man. thick-set and stout of thirty perhaps, with around red face from which store small, dark, and very bright eyes. His black hair was cropped close to a bullet-shaped head. He was dressed in a blue suit a good deal the worse for wear.
Paragraphs – (13-22)
He again said that I must know what the duties of a medical officer in an infirmary are! One day is much like another and that’s all he has got to look forward for the root of his life. The narrator said that it was a means of livelihood; the one is pretty good and interrogated whether he thought there would be any change for an English doctor in Spain.
He continued that it was not like caramels, but there was sunshine, good wine, and color and there is the air you can breathe. He said that he heard by accident that there was no English doctor in service. It could be foolish on his part to give a good safe job for an uncertainty. His wife was also willing to his leaving the house. The narrator said that the doctor would lead a wonderful life. He left him.
- It is a dangerous thing to order the lives of others.
- It has been often a wonder.
- However, the politicians, reformers, and such people.
- They prepare to force upon their fellows.
- They may have a view about their manners, habits, etc.
- They make strong confidence in this regard.
- The thought and emotions of the neighbor can only be guessed.
- Life is a difficult business.
- It is found that it is very hard to make a complete and minded thing.
- The narrator was a young man.
- The narrator was a young man.
- He lived in a modest apartment.
- He was; thinking one afternoon.
- He had worked enough for that day.
- He heard a ring at the bell.
- He opened the door.
- He found a stranger.
- He asked the narrator his name.
- He asked him to come in.
- He did it instantly.
- He led the stranger to his sitting room.
- The narrator told him to sit down.
- He seemed a trifle embarrassed.
- He also offered him cigarettes.
- The stranger’s name was Stephens.
- He was a doctor.
- He said that he had read a book.
- The book is written by the narrator.
- The book was written about Spain.
- He wanted to ask him about that.
- The book is not so good.
- The feet is that he knows something about that.
- No other one knew so well.
- He was silent for a moment.
- He reached out for his head.
- He reached out for his holding.
- He absentmindedly stroked it with the other.
- He surmised about it.
- It gave him confidence.
- He was brought up by two old aunts.
- He has never been anywhere.
- He has been married for six years.
- He has no children.
- He is a medical officer.
- He is an officer at CambrewellInfirmacy.
- There was something very striking.
- He used short, sharp sentences.
- They heard a force bring.
- He had not given him more than a cursory glance.
- He looked at it with curiosity.
- He was a little man.
- He was thick-set.
- He was stout of thirty.
- He was with a round face.
- He was dark and very bright eyes.
- His black hair was cropped.
- It cropped close to a bullet-shaped head.
- He was dressed in a blue suit.
- It was worse for wear.
- He knew the duty of a medical officer.
- One day is much like another.
- That’s all he has got to look forward to for the livelihood.
- Themoneyispretty is good.
- It is interrogated why he had gone to him.
- He replaced to this question.
- He wanted to know about the chance of an English doctor in Spain.
- He said that it was not like carmen.
- But, he found there sunshine and good wine.
- He accidentally heard about something.
- There was no English doctor in service.
- It could be foolish to get a good job there.
- I was not certain about it.
- His wife was also willing to his leaving the house.
- The narrator said that the doctor would lead a wonderful life.
- He left him.
Meaning Of Difficult Words
flounder – to stumble, to thinking or speaking
confidence – reliance, trust
modest – humble, bashful
embarrassed – immediately, on the spur of the moment
stroked – disheartened, distressed
instantly – blow, an attach, abeat of pulse
surmised – doubted
glance – look
curiosity – anxious to learn, inquisition
stout – strong, robust
cropped – produced
pretty – beautiful, pleasing
interrogate – to question, to examine
infirmary -a hospital or place for the treatment of the sick
carmen – an opera(1 875) by George Bizet.
Paragraphs – (23-25)
Fifteen years passed by. The narrator happened to be in service and having some trifling indication asked the hotel porter whether there wasinEnglishdoctorinthe town. He said positive and gave him the address. He took a cab and when he reached the house, a little fat man came out of it. He hesitated when he caught sight of the narrator explaining his purpose and the doctor asked him to go in.
He lived in an ordinary Spanish house, with a patio and his consulting room which led out of it was littered with papers, books, medical appliances, and lumber. They finished the business and he asked the doctor what his fee was. The doctor shook his head and smiled. He said that there was no fee. He asked the narrator whether he remembered why the doctor had been there. It was because of something he had once said to him. His life changed only for the narrator, the doctor admitted. He said he was Stephens.
Paragraphs (26 – 28)
The narrator had forgotten all about it. He had not the least notion of what he was talking about. He remembered him of their interview and the narrator after a lot of thinking recalled the matter. Stephens did not believe he could get a chance to have sight of the narrator to give thanks to him for what he had done for him. The narrator looked at him. He was very fat and bold, his eyes twinkled gaily and his fleshy, red face bore an expression of perfect good humor. The clothes he wore were terribly shabby.
The narrator asked whether Stephens had gotten married. Stephens replied in negative. Hardly and Stephens replied when a Spanish woman, no longer in her first youth, but still boldly and voluptuously beautiful appeared at the door. She spoke to him in Spanish and the narrator believed that she might have been theirs. of the house.
As he stood at the door to let the narrator out he said that later told him when he saw him lost that the former would go to Spainhe should earn enough money just to keep body and soul together but he should live a wonderful life. And the narrator was perfectly right. He has been and will be poor but he has enjoyed life to the brim.
- Fifteen years passed by.
- The narrator happened to be in service.
- He has some trifling indisposition.
- He asked the hotel porter something.
- He asked if there was an English doctor in the town.
- He answered positively
- Then he gave him the address.
- He looked cab.
- He reached the house.
- A little fat man came outfit.
- He hesitated when he caught the sigh of the narrator.
- The narrator explained his purpose.
- The doctor asked him to go in.
- He lived in an ordinary Spanish house.
- He was living with a patio.
- He has a consulting room
- It was uttered with papers.
- It was uttered with books.
- It was also littered with medical appliances and lumber.
- They finished the business.
- He asked the doctor about his fees.
- The doctor shook his head.
- The doctor also smiled.
- He said that there was no fee.
- He asked the narrator something
- Whether he remembered why the doctor had been there.
- It was because of something he had once said to him.
- His life changed only for the narrator.
- The doctor admitted this.
- He said he was Stephens.
- The narrator had forgotten all about it.
- He had not the least notion.
- He was not concerned about what he was talking about.
- He reminded him of their interview.
- After a lot of thinking, the writer recalled the matter.
- Stephens did not believe it.
- He would get a chance to meet the narrator again.
- So that he would thank him for that.
- He thanked him for what he had done for him.
- The narrator looked at him.
- He was very fat.
- He was also very bold.
- His eyes twinkled gaily.
- His fleshy red face bore on expression.
- It was with perfect good humor.
- He wore terribly shabby clothes.
- The narrator asked whether Stephens had gotten married.
- A woman appeared all the door.
- She was a Spanish woman.
- She was no longer in her first youth.
- But still, she was bold.
- She was voluptuously beautiful.
- She spoke to him in Spanish.
- The narrator believed that she might have been the Mrs. of the house.
- He stood at the door to let the narrator out.
- He said that the latter told him when he saw him last.
- The former would go to Spain.
- He should earn enough money there.
- He has just to keep body and soul together.
- But he should live a wonderful life.
- And the narrator was perfectly right.
- He has been and will be poor.
- But he has enjoyed life to the brim
Meaning Ofdifficult Words
trifle – unimportant
indisposition – un arrangement, un distribution, unplanned
porter – doorkeeper, a coolie
cab – covered four or two-wheeled carriage cabriolet
hesitate – to stop making a decision
litter – to cover with strew, to bring forth
appliances – instruments used for some special-purpose
lumber – a useful article, furniture stored away.
errand – business, purpose
patio – courtyard
admit – allow to enter
twinkle – to blink, to glitter, to shine
shabby – mean, low, paltry
boldly – courageously, daringly
sombrero – Aman’s hat with every wide brim which sowed especially in Mexico.
dissipated – drunken
voluptuously – luxuriously sensual
silenus – any group of forest spirits similar to stars but having the legs of horses.