Odisha State Board CHSE Odisha Class 11 Approaches to English Book 1 Solutions Unit 3 Text B: Saturday Morning Violence Textbook Activity Questions and Answers.
CHSE Odisha 11th Class Alternative English Solutions Unit 3 Text B: Saturday Morning Violence
Answer the following questions briefly:
The writer, after establishing the context, states his thesis ( main point) in the introduction what is their thesis?
As even a cursory glance at Saturday morning, cartoon show reveals children are being exposed to a steady diet of violence and that of the prime-time shows their parents so eagerly watch.
In the body of his essay Provisor presents the examples that support his thesis. In what respect do the examples in the third paragraph differ from the examples presented in the second paragraph? And what different points are made by the writer in these two paragraphs?
Children’s cartoons have traditionally contained much violence and this situation is considered normal. The coyote follows the road runner and after a1 little bit of time, he plunges to the ground. Elmer Fudd puts his shotgun into a tree where Bug Bunny is hiding. Bug bonds the barrel so that when Elmer pulls the trigger, the gun discharged into his face.
A dog runs after a wood pecker and unable to control it, it ships into the running saw and cut off into two halves (Paragraph-2). Provision presents these examples to solidify his stand. The examples in the second paragraph are glaringly different from the third paragraph. The traditional cartoons describes violence as an isolated happening but the newer men portray it as a normal condition of life.
What is the purpose of exemplification in the fourth paragraph?
The purpose of exemplification in the fourth paragraph is that only/by violent action can the problems of the world be solved.
What does the Writer do in the concluding paragraph? Does he sum Up the points he has already made in the body of the essay (Paragraphs 2,3 and 4), or does he develop a new aspect of violence on TV?
The writer, in the concluding paragraph, considers that the cartoon shows for children on Saturday morning provided that violence is superior to reason and that conflict and threats of violent death are acceptable norms of existence. This indicates that the writer simply sums up the points he has made in the body of the essay. (Paragraphs 2,3 and 4)
Understanding Patterns Of Exemplification
Exemplification is a writer’s device that is used to support his or her general assertions with specific examples. Examples serve to explain and clarify general statements, add interest, and convince the reader that what dies, writer, is saying is reasonable or valid. Now, study Text-B to the following question, all of them related to the use of examples.
How many examples does Provisor offer? What are they?
Provisor offers five examples to solidify his stand. They
1. The Coyote chasing the road runner.
2. Elmor Feud puts his shotgun into a tree where Bug Bonny hides.
3. “The Godzilla Super-Ninety show.”
4. A dog chasing a woody woodpecker into a sawmill.
5. ‘‘Challenge of the super friends”.
Why does he use several examples, not a single example?
The writer Norman Provisor makes use of several examples instead of a single one.. He uses this technique so as to emphasize his stand with varied violence in different areas.
Do the examples illustrate the full range of subjects?
The examples illustrate the full range of the writer’s subject. He covers examples from various loses and the examples and also varied and appropriate.
While developing the examples, Provisor never loses sight of his main idea. Can you explain how this ‘has been done in Text-B?
Provisor cites, examples in order to solidify his stand that children are provided an insight into violence through the Saturday morning cartoon shows. While doing this he does not lose sight of his main idea. He hints at the main idea everywhere and he sums up the examples- in the light of the main idea.
In Activity-6 (in Text-A) in this unit, you looked at some reference words such as of those referred to in the text. Here, again you are invited to look at the italicized words below and to say what they refer to in Text-B
a) ____________ of violence that rivals that of the prime-time shows (Paragraph-1)
b) for a fraction of a second he looks pathetically ____________ (Para-2)
c) ____________ never cartoons portray it as a normal condition of life (para-3)
d) ____________ or to find a rational explanation for what is happening to them, (para 4)
e) ____________ a ray that can bore to the center of the earth and release its molten iron ore (para-5)
f) ____________ but the precious isn’t shown (para-6)
g) ____________ but until it does we parents will have to shudder every time (para-7)
(d) human character
(e) pig iron
(g) Government commission
Notice this sentence beginning at the paragraph in Text-B (For) it is only when Godzilla bums, tear, crushes, drowns, or stamps his adversaries to death that the status quo can be re-established. You can easily see that in this sentence it does not carry of usual pronoun meaning (that is, it is an example of expletive it which carries ho lexical meaning and that the purpose of this ‘it,., that … “construction is to emphasize the part that comes between it and that. Such constructions are known as “Pseudo-Cleft” constructions. Now rewrite the following sentences as indicated.
I like to see only this kind of art movie.
It is only this kind of art movie that Hike.
The visitor wanted to listen to Indian classical music.
It was only classical music that the visitor wanted to listen to.
They will come onto the stage only when their names are announced.
It is only when their names are announced that they will come onto the stage.
The mountaineers reached their peak after crossing many hurdles.
It was after crossing many hurdles that the mountaineers reached their peak.
She does not mind being generous with other people’s money.
It is with other people’s motley she doesn’t mind being generous.
Extra Activtty- 11(A)
Do As Directed
I. Complete the sentences using as…..as
1. I’m quite tall, but you are taller. I’m not ____________
2. My salary is high but yours is higher. My salary isn’t ____________
3. You know a bit about cañ but I know more. You don’t ____________
4. It’s still cold. but it was càIdei: yesterday. It isn’t ______
5. I still feel a bit tired I felt à lot more tired yesterday. I don’t ____________
6. They’ve lived here for quite a long time, but we’ve lived there longer. I wasn’t ____________
7. 1 was a bit nervous before the interview, but usually I’m not more nervous. I wasn’t _______________
1. I am not as tall as you.
2. My salary is not as high as yours.
3. You don’t know as much as I know about cars.
4. It is not as cold as yesterday.
5. I don’t feel as tired as I did yesterday.
6. I wasn’t as shorter in, stay as they were.
7. l wasn’t as nervous as I was before.
II. Rewrite these sentences so that
they have the same meaning.
1. Jack is younger than he looks. Jack isn’t ____________
2. I didn’t spend much as nani as you. You ____________
3. The station was nearer than I thought. The station wasn’t ____________
4. The meal didn’t cost as much as I expected. The meal ____________
5. J go out less than I used to. I don’t ____________
6. Her hair isn’t as long as it used to be. She used to ____________
7. I know them better than you do. You don’t ____________
8. There were fewer people at this meeting than at the last one. These weren’t ____________
1. Jack isn’t as old as he looks.
2. You spend more money.
3. The station was not nearer.
4. The meal cost more.
5. I don’t go out more frequently.
6. She used to have long hair.
7. You don’t know them Ss’ much I do.
8. There were not as many people as in the last one.
III. Complete the sentences using as ……….. as choose one of the following:
bad, comfortable, fast, long, often, quietly, soon, well, well-qualified.
1. I’m sorry. I’m a bit late. I get here ___________ I could.
2. It was a difficult question..’ I answered it ___________ I could.
3. “How big can J stay with you” “You can stay ___________ you live ?“
4. I need the information quickly. So please let me know ___________ possible.
5. I like to keep fit so I go swimming ___________ I can.
6. I didn’t want. to wake anybody, so I came in ___________ I could.
1. I’m sorry. I’m a bit late. I get here as fast as I could.
2. It was a difficult question.-1 answered it as well as I could.
3. “How long can 1 stay with you ?” You can stay as long as you live.
4. I need the informatibn quickly. So please let me know as soon as possible.
5. I like to keep fit so I go swimming. As often as 1 can.
6. I didn’t want to wake anybody, so I came in As quietly as I could.
IV. Write sentences using the same..as
1. Aju and Viju are both 22 years old. Aju ___________
2. You and F both have dúk brown hair. Your hair ___________
3. I arrived at 10.25 and so did you. I ___________
4. My birthday is 5th April too. My ___________
1. Aju is as the same age as Viju.
2. Your hair is the same color as mine.
3. I arrived as the same time as you.
4. My birthday is the same as yours.
V. Complete the sentences with than…. or as’……………
1. I can’treach as high as you. You are taller ___________
2. He does not know much. I know more ___________
3. 1 Don’t work particularly hard. Most people work as hard ___________
4. We are very surprised. Nobody was more surprised ____________
5. She’s not a very good player. I’m better ___________
6. They have been very lucky. I wish we were as lucky ___________
1. You are taller than I am.
2. I know more than he does.
3. Most people work as hard as 1 does.
4. We are very surprised. Nobody was more surprised than 1.
5. I’m a better player than she.
6. They have been very lucky. 1 wish we were as lucky as you.
Saturday Morning Violence Summary in English
In this section, you will read an essay written by an American college student named Norman Provisor. The essay has the title “Saturday Morning Violence1′. Do you think, should be done to check it?
Now read Provisor’s essay and find answers to the following questions:
a) What does the essay deal with?
b) Is the writer’s attitude approving or – disapproving or condemning or prejudiced?
By Norman Provisor Summary
Psychologists and communications experts have formulated scales to measure the dangers that come into American homes daily. Sociologists have discussed the possible effects of this situation on viewing the public. Children’s television at Saturday Morning cartoon reveals that children are being exposed to a steady and continuous diet of violence. Children’s cartoons have traditionally contained much violence which has been considered normal.
The coyote chases the roadrunner and finds himself standing in the mid-air over a deep chasm. Sometimes, he looks at the audience sadly and then plunges to the ground. Elmer Fuel puts his shotgun into a tree where Bugs Bunny is hiding Bugs bends the barrel so that when Elmer pulls the trigger, the sun discharges into his race. A dog chases a woody woodpecker into a sawmill and unable to stop, slides into the whirling blade of a circular saw.
As the scene ends, the two halves of the dog fell to the ground with a clatter. Godzilla, a prehistoric dinosaur who appears when called by his human companions, battles monsters that seem to appear everywhere. The plot every week, remains the same and-mix the monsters change. This show depicts a lot of violence. Another show “challenge of the super friends” is a weekly battle between the super friends which is the forces of God and the Hall of Doom which is the forces of evil.
Violence and evil are present everywhere in ‘this series. The Hall of Doom each week destroys cities and changes the conditions of our world. The superheroes, of course, set everything right, but the precarious child viewers of the show must know, even though it isn’t shown that many people are killed when the building fall and the tidal wave hits. The children learn that violence is superior to reason and that conflict and threats of violent death are acceptable conditions for existence.
Analytical outlines of the Text
- For the past five years, Television networks have attacked violent programs tremendously.
- Psychologists and communication experts have formulated scales to measure it.
- They have to measure the dangers of American homes every day.
- They focused their attention on children’s television.
- They observed children’s television at Saturday Morning cartoon.
- They observed that children are being exposed to a continuous diet Of violence.
- Actually, children’s cartoons have traditionally contained much violence.
- Their situation is Sddepted as’ normal.
- The coyote chases the road runner.
- He finds himself standing in midair over a deep chasm for a short time.
- He looks pathetically at the audience.
- Then he plunges to the grounds.
- Elmar Feud puts his shotgun into a tree.
- Bug Bunny was hiding there.
- The bug bends the barrel.
- So that Ether pulls the trigger.
- Hence, the gun discharged into, his face.
- A dog chases a woody woodpecker into a sawmill.
- It slides into the whirling blade of a circular saw.
- As the scene ends, the two halves of the dog rail to the ground with a clatter.
- The “Godzilla super-Ninety Show” is a good example of this.
- Every Saturday morning, Godzilla, a prehistoric dinosaur appears called by his human companions.
- This battle monsters seem to appear everywhere:
- The plot remains the same every week.
- Every week, the monsters only change.
- Another show is about the “Challenge of the Super Friends”.
- It is a Weekly battle between the super friends and the Hall of Doom.
- The super friends refer to the forces of God.
- And the Hall of Doom refers to the forces of evil.
- Every week it destroys cities.
- It thus changes the condition of our world.
- The superheroes, actually, set everything right.
- The children learn that violence is superior to reason.
- Therefore, the conflict and threats of violent death are acceptable conditions for existence!
Meaning of difficult words:
carriage – the killing and wounding of a lot of people.
a cursory glance – hurried, quick, done without attention to detail.
reveal – show, depict, express, and bring to the limelight.
expose – show, reveal, view, uncover, disclose, display.
steady – continuous, uninterrupted flow.
coyote – a small wild dog of North West America.
chases – pursue, follow, go after, run after.
mid-air – in the middle of the air.
chasm – an opening, fissure, schism, / a wide gap.
fraction – fragment, apart of a bigger whole of something.
plunge – to sink, to dive, to enter into.
road runner – a small bird that funs very fast.
adversaries – enemies, foes, antagonists, people opposing.
clatter – a rattling noise, noisy talk, a loud unpleasant noise.
molten – melted metal, melted liquid.
arch enemy – the worst enemy, chief enemy.
penetrate – to thrust, to pervade, go deep into.
extravaganza – a fantastic composition, a very large and expensive entertainment.
precocious – forward, ripe beforehand. those who say or do things as if. they were very simple.
shudder – shiver, quiver, tremble with fear and disgust.