Odisha State Board CHSE Odisha Class 12 Math Solutions Chapter 6 Probability Ex 6(c) Textbook Exercise Questions and Answers.

## CHSE Odisha Class 12 Math Solutions Chapter 6 Probability Exercise 6(c)

Question 1.

There are 3 bags B_{1}, B_{2} and B_{3} having respectively 4 white, 5 black; 3 white, 5 black and 5 white, 2 black balls. A bag is chosen at random and a ball is drawn from it. Find the probability that the ball is white.

Solution:

Let

E_{1} = The selected bag is B_{1},

E_{2} = The selected bag is B_{2},

E_{3} = The selected bag is B_{3}.

A = The ball drawn is white.

Question 2.

There are 25 girls and 15 boys in class XI and 30 boys and 20 girls in class XII. If a student chosen from a class, selected at random, happens to be a boy, find the probability that he has been chosen from class XII.

Solution:

Let

E_{1} = The student is choosen from class XI.

E_{2} = The student is choosen from class XII.

A = The student is a boy.

Question 3.

Out of the adult population in a village 50% are farmers, 30% do business and 20% are service holders. It is known that 10% of the farmers, 20% of the business holders and 50% of service holders are above poverty line. What is the probability that a member chosen from any one of the adult population, selected at random, is above poverty line?

Solution:

Let

E_{1} = The person is a farmer.

E_{2} = The person is a businessman.

E_{3} = The person is a service holder.

A = The person is above poverty line.

Question 4.

Take the data of question number 3. If a member from any one of the adult population of the village, chosen at random, happens to be above poverty line, then estimate the probability that he is a farmer.

Solution:

P (a farmer / he is above poverty line)

= P (E_{1} | A)

Question 5.

From a survey conducted in a cancer hospital it is found that 10% of the patients were alcoholics, 30% chew gutka and 40% have no specific carcinogenic habits. If cancer strikes 80% of the smokers, 70% of alcoholics, 50% of gutka chewers and 10% of the nonspecific, then estimates the probability that a cancer patient chosen from any one of the above types, selected at random,

(i) is a smoker

(ii) is alcoholic

(iii) chews gutka

(iv) has no specific carcinogenic habits.

Solution:

The question should be modified as from a survey conducted in a cancer hospital, 10% patients are smokers, 20% alcoholics, 30% chew gutka and 40% have no specific carcinogenic habits. If cancer strikes 80% of the smokers, 70% of alcoholic, 50% of gutka chewers and 10% of non specific, then estimate the probability that a cancer patient chosen from any one of the following types selected at random

(i) is a smoker

(ii) is alcoholic

(iii) chews gutka

(iv) has no specific carcinogenic habits.

Let

E_{1} = The person is a smoker.

E_{2} = The person is alcoholic.

E_{3} = The person chew Gutka.

E_{4} = The person have no specific habits.

A = The person is a cancer patient.

According to the question