Odisha State Board BSE Odisha 7th Class English Solutions Lesson 3 The Camel Textbook Exercise Questions and Answers.
BSE Odisha Class 7 English Solutions Lesson 3 The Camel
BSE Odisha 7th Class English Lesson 3 The Camel Text Book Questions and Answers
Session – 1 (ପ୍ରଥମ ପର୍ଯ୍ୟାୟ)
I. Pre-Reading (ପ୍ରାକ୍-ପଠନ)
• Socialisation (ସାମାଜିକୀକରଣ):
→ Look at the picture. What do you see?
(ଛବିଟିକୁ ଦେଖ । ତୁମେ କ’ଣ ଦେଖୁଛ ?)
We see a camel in the picture.
→ Have you seen it before?
(ତୁମେ ଏହାକୁ ପୂର୍ବରୁ ଦେଖୁଛ ?)
Yes, I have seen camels before.
→ Where do they live?
(କେଉଁଠି ସେମାନେ ବାସ କରନ୍ତି ?)
They live in deserts (ମରୁଭୂମିରେ).
→ How do they live in the desert?
(ସେମାନେ କିଭଳି ମରୁଭୂମିରେ ବାସ କରନ୍ତି ?)
They eat thorny bushes and drink less water. They can bear the extreme heat and cold of the desert.
Let us read the following text to know more about camels.
(ଚାଲ ନିମ୍ନ ପାଠ୍ୟକୁ ଭଲଭାବରେ ପାଠ କରିବା ଏବଂ ଓଟ ବାବଦରେ ଆଉ କିଛି ଜାଣିବା ।)
II. While-Reading (ପଠନକାଳୀନ ):
• Read the following passage silently and answer the questions that follow.
(ନିମ୍ନ ଅନୁଚ୍ଛେଦଟିକୁ ନୀରବରେ ପାଠ କର ଏବଂ ନିମ୍ନ ପ୍ରଶ୍ନଗୁଡ଼ିକର ଉତ୍ତର ଦିଅ ।)
1. An animal that lives in the desert is the camel. People kept camels as pets many thousands of years ago. Camels usually live in small groups of up to thirty animals. Camels have long, shaggy winter coats to keep warm, and shorter, tidier coats in the summer to keep cool. A thirsty camel can drink as much as thirty gallons of water, about five hundred full glasses, in just ten minutes.
2. There are two different types of camels. One, known as the Dromedary, has only a single hump; the other is called a Bactrian camel and has two humps. The humps help the animal to survive in the desert by acting as storage containers.
ଓଡ଼ିଆ ଅନୁବାଦ :
୧. ଗୋଟିଏ ଜୀବ ଯେ ମରୁଭୂମିରେ ବଞ୍ଚେ ସେ ହେଉଛି ଓଟ । ହଜାର ହଜାର ବର୍ଷ ପୂର୍ବେ ମଣିଷ ଓଟକୁ ଗୃହପାଳିତ ପ୍ରାଣୀ ରୂପେ ରଖୁଥିଲେ । ଓଟଗୁଡ଼ିକ ସାଧାରଣତଃ ଛୋଟ ଛୋଟ ଦଳରେ ବାସ କରନ୍ତି ଏପରିକି ତିରିଶି ଗୋଟି ପର୍ଯ୍ୟନ୍ତ । ଶୀତଦିନେ ଓଟମାନେ ଲମ୍ବା ଲୋମଯୁକ୍ତ ଶୀତମୁକ୍ତି କେଶ ଧାରଣ କରିଥା’ନ୍ତି ଦେହକୁ ଉଷୁମ ରଖୁବାକୁ ଏବଂ ସେହିଭଳି ଗ୍ରୀଷ୍ମରେ ଛୋଟ ଚିପା ଖୋଳପାଯୁକ୍ତ ଶରୀର ଧାରଣ କରନ୍ତି ଥଣ୍ଡା ଶରୀର ଧାରଣ ପାଇଁ । ଗୋଟିଏ ତୃଷାର୍ତ୍ତ ଓଟ ଏପରିକି ତିରିଶି ଗ୍ୟାଲନ୍ ଜଳ ପାନ କରିପାରେ, ଯାହାକି ପାଞ୍ଚଶହ ପୂର୍ଣ ଗ୍ଲାସ୍ ଜଳ ଦଶ ମିନିଟ୍ ମଧ୍ଯରେ ।
୨. ଦୁଇ ପ୍ରକାରର ଓଟ ଥାଆନ୍ତି । ଗୋଟିଏ ଏକ କୁଜ ବିଶିଷ୍ଟ ଏବଂ ଅନ୍ୟଟିଏ ଦୁଇ କୁଜ ବିଶିଷ୍ଟ । ଓଟର କୁଜମାନେ ଛୋଟ ଧାରଣପାତ୍ର ଭଳି କାର୍ଯ୍ୟ କରିଥାଆନ୍ତି ।
Notes And Glossary (ଶବ୍ଦାର୍ଥ):
desert (ଜର୍ଟ) – ମରୁଭୂମି
camel (କ୍ୟାମେଲ୍) – ଓଟ
kept (କେପ୍ଟ) – ରଖୁଥିଲେ
pets (ପେଟ୍ସ୍) – ଗୃହପାଳିତ ପଶୁ
small groups (ସ୍କୁଲ୍ ଗ୍ରୁପ୍ସ) – ଛୋଟ ଛୋଟ ଦଳ
long (ଲଙ୍ଗ୍) – ଲମ୍ବା
shaggy (ଶଗି) – ଲମ୍ବା ଲୋମଯୁକ୍ତ
winter coats (ଉଇଣ୍ଟର୍ କୋଟ୍ସ୍)– ଶୀତକାଳୀନ
warm (ୱାର୍ମ) – ଗରମ | ଉଷୁମ
tidier coats (ଟିଡ଼ିଅର୍ କୋଟ୍ସ ) – ଅଧ୍ୱ ପରିଷ୍କାର
thirty gallons of water (ଥାର୍ଟି ଗ୍ୟାଲନ୍ସ ଅଫ୍ ୱାଟର) – ତିରିଶ ଗ୍ୟାଲନ ପାଣି
Dromedary (ଡ୍ରୋମେଡାରୀ) – ଗୋଟିଏ କୁଜଥିବା
single hump (ସିଙ୍ଗଲ୍ ହମ୍ ) – ଗୋଟିଏ କୁଜ
two humps (ଟୁ ହମ୍ ) – ଦୁଇଟି କୁଜ
survive (ସରଭାଇଭ୍) – ବଞ୍ଚିବା | ତିଷ୍ଠିବା
Comprehension Questions (ବୋଧପରିମାପକ ପ୍ରଶ୍ନବଳୀ):
Where do camels live ?
( ଓଟମାନେ କେଉଁଠାରେ ରହନ୍ତି|ବାସ କରନ୍ତି ?)
Camels live in deserts.
Are the camels wild animals? How do you know?
(ଓଟମାନେ ହିଂସ୍ର ପଶୁ କି ? ତୁମେ କିପରି ଜାଣୁଛ ?)
No, camels are not wild animals, rather they are docile. (ପାଳନଯୋଗ୍ୟ )
How do camels live: single or in groups?
( ଓଟମାନେ କିପରି ରହନ୍ତି : ଏକାକୀ କିମ୍ବା ଦଳରେ ?)
Camels live in small groups of up to thirty animals.
What helps them keep warm?
(ସେମାନଙ୍କୁ ଗରମ ରଖିରେ କ’ଣ ସାହାଯ୍ୟ କରେ ?)
The long, shaggy winter coats on their body keep them warm.
What keeps their bodies cool in summer?
(ଗ୍ରୀଷ୍ମଦିନେ କ’ଣ ସେମାନଙ୍କ ଶରୀରକୁ ଥଣ୍ଡା ରଖେ ?)
The shorter, tidier coats on their body keep them cool in summer.
How much water does a camel drink in ten minutes?
(ଗୋଟିଏ ଓଟ ଦଶ ମିନିଟ୍ରେ କେତେ ପରିମାଣର ଜଳ ପିଇପାରେ ?)
A camel drinks about thirty gallons of water which is equal to five hundred full glasses in ten minutes
How many types of camels are there?
( କେତେ ପ୍ରକାରର ଓଟ ଅଛନ୍ତି ?)
There are two types of camels.
What are they ?
(ସେଗୁଡ଼ିକ କ’ଣ ?)
The two types of camels are Dromedary i.e. with one hump on its back and Bactrian with two humps.
What helps the camels to live in the desert?
( ଓଟମାନଙ୍କୁ ମରୁଭୂମିରେ ରହିବାରେ କ’ଣ ସାହାଯ୍ୟ କରେ ? )
The humps which are like storage containers help the camels to live in the desert.
Session – 2 (ଦ୍ବିତୀୟ ପର୍ଯ୍ୟାୟ):
III. Post-Reading (ପଠନ ପରବର୍ତ୍ତୀ):
1. Visual Memory Development Technique (VMDT) : (ଦୃଶ୍ୟ ସ୍ମୃତି ବିକାଶ କୌଶଳ)
Whole Text : The camel, small group, in the desert, type of camels
(ପୂର୍ଣ୍ଣ ପାଠ: ଓଟ, ଛୋଟ ଦଳ, ମରୁଭୂମିରେ, ଓଟର ପ୍ରକାରଭେଦ)
Part:para-1 : winter coat, drink thirty gallons of water, summer coat
(ଅନୁଚ୍ଛେଦ– ୧: ଶୀତଜାମା, ତିରିଶ ଗ୍ୟାଲନ ଜଳ ପିଅନ୍ତି, ଗ୍ରୀଷ୍ମ ଜାମା)
2. Comprehension Activities (ବୋଧପରିମାପକ କାର୍ଯ୍ୟାବଳୀ) :
MCQs: Choose the correct alternatives and complete the sentences.
The camel usually lives in _____________.
(A) the desert
(B) the forest
(C) the house
(D) the mountains
(A) the desert
Camels are of _____________ types.
A thirsty camel drinks about _____________full glasses of water in just ten minutes.
(b) Tick (✓) the correct statements and cross (x) the wrong ones, in the box.
(i) Camels live in small groups. (✓)
(ii) Winter coats keep the camels warm. (✓)
(iii) Summer coats keep them cool. (✓)
(iv) A thirsty camel drinks about thirty gallons of water. (✓)
(v) The Dromedary camel has a single hump. (✓)
(vi) The Bactrian camel has two humps. (✓)
(vii) Camels live in forests. (x)
Session – 3 (ତୃତୀୟ ପର୍ଯ୍ୟାୟ)
3. Listening (ଶ୍ରବଣ):
→ Your teacher will read out the following words one by one.
Tick the words as you listen to him/her.
(i) desert (ଡେଜଟ୍)
(ii) domesticated (ଡୋମେଷ୍ଟିକେଟେଡ୍)
(iii) shaggy (ସେଗୀ)
(iv) gallon (ଗ୍ୟାଲନ୍)
(v) thirsty (ତୃଷିତ)
(vi) dromedary ( କ୍ରୋମେଡ଼ାରୀ)
(vii) bactrian (ବ୍ୟାକ୍ଟ୍ରିଆନ୍)
(viii) hump (ହମ୍ପ୍)
(ix) storage (ଷ୍ଟୋରେଜ୍ )
(x) container (କଣ୍ଟେନର୍ )
(xi) survive (ସର୍ଭାଇଭ୍)
4. Speaking (କହିବା):
Your teacher will read out all the words under  Listening Activity, one after another. Listen and repeat after him/her. Practice 5 times.
(ତୁମ ଶିକ୍ଷକ କାର୍ଯ୍ୟାବଳୀ (୩)ରେ ଥିବା ଶବ୍ଦଗୁଡ଼ିକୁ ଉଚ୍ଚାରଣ କରିବେ । ଶୁଣ ଏବଂ ପାଞ୍ଚଥର ଲେଖାଏଁ ନିଜେ କହି ଅଭ୍ୟାସ କର ।)
Match the words given in ‘A’ with their meanings in ‘B’. One is done for you.
(ସ୍ତମ୍ଭ ‘A’ରେ ଦିଆଯାଇଥିବା ଶବ୍ଦକୁ ସ୍ତମ୍ଭ ‘B’ରେ ଥିବା ସେମାନଙ୍କ ଅର୍ଥ ସହ ମିଳାଅ । ତୁମ ପାଇଁ ଗୋଟିଏ କରି ଦିଆଯାଇଛି ।)
Session – 4 (ଚତୁର୍ଥ ପର୍ଯ୍ୟାୟ)
6. Usage (ପ୍ରଚଳିତ ପ୍ରୟୋଗ)
A camel lives in the desert.
(ଓଟଟିଏ ମରୁଭୂମିରେ ବାସ କରେ ।)
The above sentence tells about the camel and the place where it lives.
Make similar sentences for the following living beings.
(ନିମ୍ନଲିଖତ ଜୀବମାନଙ୍କ ପାଇଁ ସେହିଭଳି ବାକ୍ୟମାନ ଗଠନ କର ।)
(Choose the living places of these living beings from the box)
(କୋଠରି ମଧ୍ୟରୁ ସେହି ଜୀବମାନଙ୍କ ବାସସ୍ଥାନ ବାଛ ।)
|nest, stable, forest, kennel, hole, water, cow-shed, hive, burrow, house, den, cave
(ଚଇଢ଼ବସା, ଘୋଡ଼ାଶାଳ, ଜଙ୍ଗଲ, କୁକୁରକୋଠି, ଗର୍ଭ, ଜଳ, ଗୁହାଳ, ମହୁଫେଣା, ଗଛକୋରଡ଼, ଘର, ଗୁମ୍ଫାଘର, ଗୁମ୍ଫା)
A horse ___________________
A cow ___________________
An elephant ___________________
A fish ___________________
A bird ___________________
A squirrel ___________________
A bee ___________________
A mouse ___________________
A man ___________________
A bear ___________________
A dog ___________________
A lion ___________________
A horse lives in a stable.
An elephant lives in the forest.
A bird lives in a nest.
A bee lives in a hive.
A man lives in a house.
A dog lives in a kennel.
A cow lives in a cow shed.
A fish lives in water.
A squirrel lives in the burrow.
A mouse lives in a hole.
A bear lives in a cave.
A lion lives in a den.
Session – 5 (ପଞ୍ଚମ ପର୍ଯ୍ୟାୟ)
7. Writing (ଲିଖନାତ୍ମକ)
Write answers to the following questions :
(i) When were the camels first made to live with man and work for him?
(କେବେ ଓଟମାନଙ୍କୁ ପ୍ରଥମରୁ ମଣିଷ ସହିତ ରହିବାକୁ ପଡୁଥିଲା ଏବଂ କାମ କରିବାକୁ ପଡୁଥିଲା ?)
Many thousands of years ago camels were first made to live with man and work for him.
(ii) How many camels usually live in a group?
( ଓଟମାନେ ଦଳରେ ପ୍ରାୟତଃ କେତେ ସଂଖ୍ୟାରେ ରହନ୍ତି ?)
Camels usually live in small groups of up to thirty animals.
(iii) Describe a camel’s winter coat.
(ଓଟମାନେ ଦଳରେ ପ୍ରାୟତଃ କେତେ ସଂଖ୍ୟାରେ ରହନ୍ତି ?)
A camel’s winter coat is shaggy and long.
It keeps the camel warm in winter.
(iv) Describe the camel’s summer coat.
(ଓଟର ଗ୍ରୀଷ୍ମକାଳୀନ ପୋଷାକ ବିଷୟରେ ବର୍ଣ୍ଣନା କର ।)
The camel’s summer coat is tidier and shorter. It keeps it cool in summer.
(v) How much water does a thirsty camel drink?
(ଗୋଟିଏ ତୃଷାଇଁ ଓଟ କେତେ ପରିମାଣର ଜଳ ପିଏ ?)
A thirsty camel can drink as much as thirty gallons of water which is about five hundred full glasses in just ten minutes.
(vi) How many types of camels are there ? What are they?
(କେତେ ପ୍ରକାରର ଓଟ ଦେଖାଯା’ନ୍ତି ? ସେଗୁଡ଼ିକ କ’ଣ କ’ଣ ?)
There are two types of camels, namely Dromedary and Bactrian.
(vii) How is the Bactrian camel different from the Dromedary camel?
(ବ୍ୟାକ୍ସିଆନ୍ ଓଟ କ୍ରୋମେଡ଼ାରୀ ଓଟଠାରୁ କିଭଳି ଭିନ୍ନ ?)
The Bactrian camel has two humps but the Dromedary camel has only one hump.
(viii)How does a hump help a camel?
(କୁଜ କିପରି ଓଟକୁ ସାହାଯ୍ୟ କରେ ?)
A camel has humps where it stores food and water for living long days in a desert.
Session – 6 (ଷଷ୍ଠ ପର୍ଯ୍ୟାୟ)
8. Mental Talk (ମାନସ କଥନ):
The camel is called the ship of the desert. It can live for many days without water.
(ଓଟକୁ ମରୁଭୂମିର ଜାହାଜ କୁହାଯାଏ । ଏହା ମରୁଭୂମିରେ ଅଧୂକ ଦିନ ଧରି ଜଳ ବିନା ରହିପାରେ ।)
9. Let’s Think (ଚାଲ ଚିନ୍ତାମଗ୍ନ ହେବା) :
The camel carries a lot of load for us. It even, carries us on its back across the desert. We must be kind to take care of them.
(ଓଟ ମରୁଭୂମିରେ ଆମ ପାଇଁ ଅଧିକ ବୋଝ ବୋହି ନେଇଥାଏ । ଏପରିକି ଓଟ ଆମକୁ ପିଠିରେ ବସାଇ ମରୁଭୂମିରେ ବାଟ ଚାଲେ । ଏତେସବୁ ଉପକାର ପାଇଁ ଆମେ ଓଟ ପ୍ରତି ସଦୟ ହେବା ଜରୁରୀ ।)
BSE Odisha 7th Class English Solutions Lesson 3 The Camel Important Questions and Answers
(A) Choose the right answer from the options.
Camel lives –
i) in groups
(iv) all the above
(i) in groups
To keep him cool, the camel uses –
(i) shorter coats.
(ii) tidier coats
(iii) shorter and tidier coats
(iv) none of the above
(iii) shorter and tidier coats
The Dromedary camel has –
(i) a single hump
(ii) two humps
(iii) no humps
(iv) three humps
(i) a single hump
(B) Answer the following questions.
Describe the living style of the camels.
Generally, camels live in the desert in groups of up to thirty animals. They store food and water in their humps. A thirsty camel can drink as much as thirty gallons of water when it gets water.
Why is the camel called the ship of the desert?
A camel can live in the desert in extreme heat and cold. It can walk ~ on the sand. It carries people and loads in the desert. So it is called the ship of the desert.
(C) Re-arrange the jumbled words to make meaningful sentences.
1. camels / are / two / types / different / there / of
2. desert / an / which / in / lives / the / is / camel / the / animal
3. pets/people/camels / kept / as
4. groups/camels / live/small / in / usually
5. desert / the / help/humps / the / to / animal / survive / the / in
1. There are two different types of camels.
2. An animal which lives in the desert is the camel.
3. People kept camels as pets.
4. Camels usually live in small groups.
5. The humps help the animal to survive in the desert.
(D) Find whether True or False.
1. The camel is an animal that lives in the forest.
2. People kept horses as pets many thousands of years ago.
3. Camels usually live in small groups of up to thirty animals.
4. A thirsty camel can drink as much as thirty gallons of water.
5. There are many different types of camels.
(1) False (2) False (3) True (4) True (5) False