Odisha State Board CHSE Odisha Class 11 Approaches to English Book 1 Solutions Unit 4 Text A: That Lean, Hungry Look School Textbook Activity Questions and Answers.
CHSE Odisha 11th Class Alternative English Solutions Unit 4 Text A: That Lean, Hungry Look
Activity – 1
Purpose And Attitude And The Text Type
Which of the following described the writer’s attitude to thin people?
Which of the following phrases best expresses the writer’s purpose?
(i) to present objective information
(ii) to present both sides of a controversial issue
(iii) to shock the reader with an unconventional point of view
(iv) to persuade the reader that fat people are better than thin people.
(v) to express his dislike of thin people.
(iv) to persuade the reader that fat people are better than people.
Which of the following categories of text type would you say the article belongs to?
(iii) expressing an opinion
(iii) expressing an opinion.
What is the general tone of the article?
(iii) matter of fact
(iii) matter of fact.
Getting The Main Ideas Of Paragraphs
Match the paragraph in column A with the titles in column B and then say whether a title refers to thin people or fat people.
|1.||(vi) dangerous people.|
|2.||(v) no absolute truth.|
|3.||(ix) speedy metabolism|
|4||(vii) relaxed and fun-loving|
|5.||(xi) seeing all sides|
|6.||(xii) life is illogical and unfair.|
|7.||(i) a long list of logical things|
|8.||(viii) happiness is elusive.|
|9.||(iv) muddling through rather than saving time.|
|10.||(x) not enough time for work.|
|11.||(iii) love of math and morality.|
|12.||(ii) loving and accepting|
Understanding Patterns Of Comparison And Contrast
There are two important ways of developing a comparison and contrast text, namely (i) the block method and the point-by-point method. In the Block method, you single out one basic way in which the two objects are alike or different. For example, if you are comparing two people at work, the introductory paragraph would tell the reader what your article would be about. The first body paragraph of the article would show something about one person’s approach to work, the following body paragraph would focus on the other person’s approach.
And in the concluding paragraph, you would briefly summarise the topic and give a dominant impression about the similarities and/or differences in the two worker’s approaches to their jobs. However, instead of deciding to compare and contrast the two objects one after another, you may decide not to separate the two objects you are discussing. You may then adopt the point-by-point method and treat’ both objects together as you present each point of comparison or contrast. You may have discovered that both of these methods have been employed in Text A.
a) Which patterns of comparison and Contrast does the writer use in paragraphs 2-5 and paragraphs 8-14?
b) Which pattern does she use in paragraphs 6,7,11 and 12?
c) Which of these two patterns do you find more effective and why?
Both these patterns are effective in dealing with a problem. However, the point-by-point pattern is more effective because the comparison and contrast will be clear in the treatment and approach in this pattern.
d) Does the writer state the thesis explicitly? If so, where does she state it?
The writer states the thesis of this work of art explicitly. It appears in paragraph -1.
e) How does the conclusion support the thesis? Write a few words on the appropriateness or otherwise of the conclusion.
The conclusion almost sums up the nature and pursuit of the thin and fat people described in the previous paragraphs. The concluding paragraph is eloquent of the strong contrasts between fat and thin people.
Section – A
The paragraph below is the beginning paragraph of Text-A. Read it quickly and try to guess what Text-A is about.
Ceasar was right. Thin people need watching. I have been watching them for most of my adult life and 1 do not like what I see. When these narrow fellows spring at me, quiver to my toes. Thin people come in all personalities, most of them menacing. You have got your ‘together’ thin person, your mechanical thin person. Your condescending thin person, your efficiency expert thin person. All of them are dangerous.
Now read Text-A, which is adopt? from an article in news week in the year 197. in order to check whether your prediction made above is right.
That Lean, Hungry Look Summary in English
According to Ceasar, thin people need watching. The writer has been watching such people for most of his adult life and never likes what he sees. He says when these thin fellows spring at him he trembles to his toes. Thin people come in all personalities and most if they are dangerous. Thin people in the first place are not fun. They have always got to be going something. They make others tired. They get speedily little metabolisms that cause them to burtle briskly. Sluggish, inert, easy-going fat people are preferable to thin ones.
Fat people don’t chattel all day long. Thin people turn mean and hard at a young age because they never learn the value of a hot fudge Sunday for easing tension. They are firm and fresh and dull like carrots. Thin people believe in logic, fat people see all sides. Fat people realize that life is illogical and unfair. They know well that God is not in heaven and all is not right with the world. If God was up there, fat people could leave two doughnuts and a big orange drink the time they wanted it.
Thin people have a long list of logical things they are always spouting off to me. They hold up one finger at a time as they reel off these things. They speak slowly as if to a young child. The list is long and full of holes. They also think these 2,000-point plans lead to happiness. Fat people know happiness is elusive at best and even if ey could get the kind of thin people to talk about, they wouldn’t want it. Fat people see that such programs are too dull, too hard, and too off the mark. They are never better than a whole cheesecake.
However, fat people know all about the mystery of life. They get acquainted with the night, luck, and fate, and play them by ears. The main problem with people is that they oppress. Thin people are downers. They like math and morality and reasoned evaluation of the limitations of human beings. They expound prognosis, probe, and prick. Fat people are friendly and cheerful. Fat people will talk continuously, trade quickly, laugh loudly, gyrate, and gossip. They are generous, giving, and gallant. They are gluttonous, goodly, and great.
- According to Ceasar, thin people need to be watched minutely.
- He has been watching such people for most of his adult life.
- He calls them as narrow fellows.
- When they spring at him, he trembles to his toes.
- They appear in all personalities.
- Most of them are dangerous.
- Thin people in the first place are not having fun.
- They have always got to be doing something.
- Give them a coffee break.
- They will job around the block.
- They make others tired.
- They have got a speedily little metabolism.
- It makes them to burtle briskly.
- They have forever been rubbing their bony hands together.
- They have also been eying new problems to tackle.
- But the fat people are sluggish, inert, easy going.
- So, they are preferable to the thin ones.
- Fat people don’t chartle all day long.
- Thin people turn mean and hard at a young age.
- Because they never learn the value of a hot fudge Sunday for casing tension.
- They are firm and fresh and dull like carrots.
- They go straight to the heart of the matter.
- But fat people let things stay all blurry, hazy, and vague.
- They want to race the truth.
- Fat people know there is no truth.
- Thin people believe in logic.
- Fat people see all sides.
- Fat people realize that life is illogical and unfair.
- They know very well that God is not in heaven.
- They consider all is not right with the world.
- If God was up there, fat people could have two doughnuts and a big orange drink any time they wanted it.
- Thin people have a long list of logical things.
- They are always spouting off to him.
- They hold up one finger. at a time as they reel off these things.
- They speak slowly as if to a young child.
- Their list is long and full of holes.
- They think about 2000-point plans.
- They think it must lead them to happiness.
- Fat people know happiness is elusive at best.
- They don’t want as the thin people talk about it.
- To fat people, such programs are too dull, too hard, and too off the mark.
- They are never better than a whole cheesecake.
- Fat people know all about the mystery of life.
- They get acquainted with might, luck, and fate, and playing them by ears.
- But the main problem with the thin men is that they oppress.
- Their good intentions, bony torsos, tight, ships, neat corners, cerebral machinations, and pet solutions loom like dark clouds over the
- loose, comfortable, spread out, soft world of the fat.
- Thin people are downers.
- They like math and morality.
- They also like reasoned evaluation of the limitations of human beings.
- They have their skinny little acts together.
- They expound prognoses, probes, and prick.
- Fat people are convivial that is jovial.
- They even like irregular people.
- They will come up with a good reason.
- Fat people are generous, giving, and gallant.
- They are also gluttonous, goodly, and great.
- They are friendly and cheerful.
- Fat people will gab, giggle, guffa, gyrate, and gossip.
- They have plenty of room to be free and frank.
Meaning of difficult words:
to goof off – to make a trivial mistake.
to burtle – to move around quickly.
sluggish – moving or reacting more slowly than normal.
chartling – bulging out of amusement.
wizened – small and thin and wrinkled.
shrivel led – dried up and bent, became small.
gooey – sticky, soft, and sweet.
not-fudge sonde- a hot and soft creamy light
brown sweet dish made from the ice-cream, fruits, and nuts.
crunchy – firm and fresh.
nebulous – not clear or exact, fainted.
doughnuts – small and cakes.
elusive – difficult to achieve.
muscled – covered the ground with
decaying leaves to improve its quality.
double-fudged – with two layers of chocolate or cream dressing.
cerebral machination – secret and clever plans made by the brain.
rutabagas – a king of roots.
punch line – the last few words of a joke or story.
dovners – a person who stops your
feeling cheerful or happy.
convivial – friendly and cheerful.
gab – talk continuously.
guffaw – laugh loudly.
gyrate – turn around fast in circles.
giggle – moving from side to side with quick short movements.