Odisha State Board CHSE Odisha Class 11 Approaches to English Book 1 Solutions Unit 4 Text D: The Case against Man Textbook Activity Questions and Answers.
CHSE Odisha 11th Class Alternative English Solutions Unit 4 Text D: The Case against Man
a) It means that mankind is although a living organism, it is also a thing or inanimate object.
b) The unrestrained population growth is compared with cancer. This is a good comparison because its growth will kill mankind as cancer.
c) If the present rate of population growth continues the ecology will be spoilt.
d) the thesis of the essay is increasing the birth rate and its control He waits to describe things and then concludes.
e) This is really a problem that has been shown by the author perfectly and which does not need any other way of description.
f) Interrelation and interdependence are in common among the living and nonliving things on earth.
g) The conclusion of the essay is— At the rate, we are going without birth control, then even if science serves us in an absolutely ideal way, we will reach the planetary high-rise with no animals but men, with no plants but algae, with no room for even one more person by AD. 2430.
h) The essay starts with the interrelation of the living and the nonliving and ends in control of the birth rate which will help the organism to double itself.
|a)||The thesis of the problem: “birth control”||21|
|b)||Reasons/causes Lowering death rate||19|
|c)||Examples: The number of Homo Sapiens increase||16|
|d)||Suggested solution: Birth control||19|
|e)||Special Features of the Development of the Argument (if any)||19, 20|
|f)||Conclusion Ready birth control without delay||20, 21, 22, 23|
Activity – 16
Rather than exploiting the environment shouldn’t we be in a partnership? If we continue to waste the earth’s resources as if there were no tomorrow, there could well be no tomorrow. By the year 2010, one-third of the world’s cropland will have turned to dust, of people, will face starvation. All this is happening since our civilization has kept on expanding, on the assumption that the world’s resources are limitless. But merely stopping growth is not the answer. What we need is development that works in partnership with the environment that uses the earth’s resources more productively and after all is suitable at the same time. This is the reason why our organization Earth life exists.
Anita : Hello, Banita. You have a debate today, haven’t you?
Banita: Yes Anni. It’s at 2-30 p.m.
Anita: What’s it about?
Banita: It’s about population explosion.
Anita : Population explosion ! It’s a burning topic, isn’t it?
Banita: Yes, it is. But it’s a topic that needs many things to incorporate.
Anita: What’re you going to hint at?
Banita: Just the causes and consequences of population growth.
Anita: Won’t you suggest any solution?
Banita: Yes, I will.
Anita: Why’s the population on the rise now?
Banita: It’s owing to the lower death rate.
Anita: Lower death rate! Aren’t people dying now? You’ll see in the papers hundreds of people are dying every day.
Banita: No, no. People are dying but their number is eye-catching due to the high population and media network.
Anita: Do you think that the death rate has really come down?
Banita: Is there doubt about it? The death rate is very much lower than before. Thousands of people were dying of starvation, Cholera, and Smallpox in the past. But we don’t see these diseases active now. A number of villages were having mass funerals with the approach of such a disease.
Anita: You’re quite right Banita. This was a usual case that is not seen these days. Thank you.
Pranati: Hello. This is 250845
Minati: Can I speak to Pranati, please?
Pranati: Yes, speaking
Minati: Hi Pranati, it’s Minati here.
Pranati: Listen, Minu, We’d proposed to go to the cinema this afternoon, hadn’t we?
Minati: Yes, we had. You told me to book a pair of tickets and inform me earlier what’s about.
Pranati: I’m quite sorry. I failed to book tickets at the counter. I’d gone to do it, but I wasn’t able to.
Minati: What’s really happened?
Pranati: The counters were overcrowded. None of the counters was free to buy a ticket at.
Minati: The film has recently been released. People must be thronging to see it.
Pranati: Yes, Blakers are moving about. They are charging very high. I didn’t feel like purchasing a ticket from them.
Minati: OK. Don’t mind. We’ll see the cinema within a couple of days. The rush will be subsiding. Thank you.
Activity – 19
- In Kingston, Jamaica’s capital, RSLs own cruiser is waiting to introduce them to the unique world of the Caribbean.
- Every Tuesday a British Airways flight leaves Heathrow for Jamaica.
- Like all our ships, this cruiser has been specially designed to give you maximum comfort, luxury, and enjoyment.
- For this lucky one it’s the beginning of an unforgettable air-sea holiday with the world’s leading cruiser company. The Royal Seafaring Line.
- For many of the passengers, it’s just a normal scheduled flight, but for some, it’s the start of something very special.
- Whether you choose relaxation on board or stimulation on land,’ you will have the holiday of a lifetime.
- And it’s all included in the price — Just 1,995 for 21 days.
- While you can thus spend a perfect holiday without leaving the ship, there is also the added attraction of fascinating store visits at each of our parts of the cell.
- So you can relax on the vest sun deck, bide your time with a cocktail, or dance till dawn in the nightclub or in the discotheque.
- So don’t delay- See your travel agents today.
The Case Against Man Summary in English
Section – D
Part – One
The first mistake is to think of man as a thing in itself. It is, however, a part of an intricate problem of life. Life gets its energy from the sun. Five billion years back, the earth had undergone a vast revolution. On its first appearance, it lacked an ocean and an atmosphere. Far within the solid crust, there are slow continual changes whose hot springs, volcanoes, and earthquakes are the more noticeable manifestations here on the surface.
Portions of the surface water with solar radiation developed complicated compounds called ‘life’. It has assumed a complex proportion. But, life forms are as much part of the structure of the Earth as any inanimate portion is. It is all an inseparable part of a whole if any animal is isolated totally from other forms of life, and death by starvation will surely follow. If isolated from water, death by dehydration will follow even faster.
If isolated from air, death by asphyxiation will take place. Isolation from the sun will bring death to the animal world. The inanimate portion also suffers. The entire planet and solar system are closely interrelated. A planet is a life form made up of nonliving portions. For instance, a man is composed of 50 trillion cells of a variety of types, all interrelated and interdependent.
Part – Two
Sometimes, the neat economy of growth within an organism such as a human being is disrupted. The growing of a group of cells is stopped. If one type of organism began to multiply without limit killing its competitors, the same thing would happen in ecology. The earth’s human population is estimated to have been 150 million al the time of Julius Caesar. This population since then has been on the rise. It is really an alarming proportion.
The current increase of the human population qualifies Homo Sapiens as ecological cancer. However, this cancerous growth must be stopped. It can be done by raising the death rate or towering the birth rate. There is no other alternative. If we do nothing, the death rate will rise fabulously. Lowering the birth rate is surely the preferable way.
Analytical outlines of the Text
- The first mistake is to think of man as a thing in itself.
- It is, however, a part of an intricate problem of life.
- Life gets its energy from the sun.
- Five billion years back, the earth had undergone a vast revolution.
- On its first appearance. it had lacked an ocean and an atmosphere.
- Far within the solid crust, there are slow continual changes.
- The hot springs, volcanoes, and earthquakes are the more noticeable manifestations here on the surface.
- Portions of the surface water with solar radiation developed complicated compounds called life.
- It has assumed a complex proportion.
- But life forms are as much part of the structure of the Earth as any inanimate portion is.
- It is all an inseparable part of a whole.
- Any animal is isolated totally from other forms of life.
- It will surely follow death by i$arvation.
- Any animal is isolated from water.
- It will follow death by dehydration.
- Any animal is isolated from the air.
- It will take place death by asphyxiation.
- Isolation from the sun will bring death to the animal world.
- The inanimate portion also suffers.
- The entire planet and solar system are closely interrelated.
- A planet is a life form made up of nonliving, portions.
- For instance, a man is composed of 50 trillion cells of a variety of types all interrelated and interdependent.
- Sometimes, the net economy of growth within an organism such as a human being is disrupted.
- The growing of a group of cells is stopped.
- One type of organism began to multiply without limit killing its competitors.
- The disruption will happen in ecology.
- The earth’s human population is estimated to have been 150 million at the time of Julius Caesar.
- This population since then has been on the rise.
- It is really an alarming proportion.
- The current increase in the human population qualifies Homo Sapiens as ecological cancer.
- However, this cancerous growth must be stopped.
- It can be achieved in two ways.
- One is by raising the death rate.
- The other is by lowering the birth rate.
- There is no other alternative.
- We have to do something.
- Otherwise, the death rate will rise fabulously.
- Lowering the birth rate is certainly the preferable way.
Meaning of difficult words
crust – the thin hard surface of the earth.
versatile – clever to do a number of things, good at doing a lot of different things.
asphyxiation – death by choking.
reefs – a line of sharp rocks, often made of coral.
quiescent – becoming quiet or silent, not developing or doing anything.
cougar – a puma, a large brown wild cat of North West America.
decimated – killed large numbers of ruined a large part of something.
predators – animals that live by killing and eating other animals.
ecology – the study of living things in their surroundings.
Homo Sapiens – the type of human beings that inhabit the earth now.
catastrophically- in a terribly destructive manner.