Odisha State Board CHSE Odisha Class 12 Alternative English Solutions Grammar Phrasal Verbs Exercise Questions and Answers.
CHSE Odisha Class 12 Alternative English Grammar Phrasal Verbs
We have to remember the phrasal verbs with their meaning perfectly. Let us discuss some important phrasal verbs.
1. break down: stop working.
Ex:-. My car broke down twice during our journey.
2. break out: start suddenly
Ex:- Cholera has broken out in our locality.
3. burst out: begin to do something suddenly
Ex:- The children burst out laughing.
4. come about: happen
Ex:- How did the accident come about?
5. come out: published, become known
Ex:- This magazine comes out once in a week. Our results came out yesterday.
6. come off: happen, take place
Ex:- My sister’s wedding came off in a grand way.
7. come on: say to encourage
Ex:- Come on, let’s try again.
8. come round: regain consciousness, cure, recover
Ex:- He is still unconscious. He has not come around.
9. die away: become weak, disappear gradually
Ex:- The noise gradually died away.
10. draw up: approach and stop
Ex:- A car drew up beside me.
11. drop in: call on somebody
Ex:- Why don’t you drop in and see me sometime?
12. drop out: withdraw
Ex:- Ajit has dropped out (of the team)
13. fall out: quarrel
Ex:- You should not fall out for such a trivial problem.
14. getaway: escape
Ex:- Two of the thieves got away.
15. get along: image
Ex:- It is very difficult to get along without money.
16. get on: make progress
Ex:- How are you getting on at college?
17. go off: explode
Ex:- Many people died when a bomb went off in the busy market area.
18. goon: continue
Ex:- The two friends, went on talking for hours.
19. go out: extinguish
Ex:- The lamp went out in the wind.
20. get up: the rise
Ex:- I get up early in the morning.
21. give in: surrender, accept defeat
Ex:- The tired soldiers finally gave in to their enemy.
22. give out: come to an end
Ex:- Our food supply gave out after a week.
23. give up: cease, stop, abandon
Ex:- I have given up smoking
24. hold on: maintain one’s position
Ex:- Out troops held on resolutely refusing to yield an inch.
25. look out: pay attention, be careful
Ex:- Look out: there is a heavy truck coming very fast behind us.
26. lookup: become better
Ex:- The weather is looking up now.
27. makeup: replace a loss
Ex: It will take a long time to make up the loss.
28. pull up: come to a stop
Ex:- The driver pulled up at the traffic lights.
29. put up: stay, live
Ex:- We are putting up in a small house.
30. run down: lose a store of energy
Ex:- The battery has run down.
31. run out: to come to an end
Ex:- All our food has run out.
32. set out / off: begin a journey
Ex:- We set out / off our journey early in the morning.
33. set in: begin
Ex:- The trains have set in early this year.
34. shut up: be quiet
Ex:- Shut up and leave me alone.
35. take off: leave the ground
Ex:- The airplane took off at 70’ clock.
36. turn up: come usually to a meeting
Ex:- The meeting was postponed, as only Haifa do-can people turned up.
37. wear out: became unfit for use
Ex:- This part of the machine has worn out. Cheap shoes wear out easily.
1. account for: give a reason for
Ex:- You must account for your absence at college yesterday.
2. agree with: be good for health.
Ex:- Egg does not agree with me.
3. break into: enter by force
Ex:- Thieves broke into our house last night.
4. (i) burst into: a sudden show of emotion.
Ex:- She burst into tears on getting the bad news.
(ii) to come in suddenly
Ex:- The angry men burst into my room and shouted at me.
5. call on: visit
Ex:- We called on our new neighbor yesterday.
6. come across: meet, find by chance.
Ex:- I come across some friends in the marketplace yesterday.
7. come over: influence
Ex:- He looks very sad, what has come over him?
8. count on: rely on
Ex:- Can I count on your help during my difficulties?
9. do without: manage without
Ex:- He can’t do without tea.
10. get on: progress, conduct
Ex:- How are you getting on with your study?
11. get over: to recover from an illness/loss/difficulty?
Ex:- Leena has not got over the shock of her husband’s death.
12. go into: investigate
Ex:- The auditors have gone into our accounts.
13. go through: read
Ex:- I have gone through this novel.
14. jump at: accept eagerly
Ex: The children jumped at the proposal of visiting Nandakanan.
15. keep off: remain at a distance
Ex:- Keep off the grass
16. live on: have as food
Ex:- A baby lives on milk only.
17. look after: take care of
Ex:- The old man has nobody to look after him.
18. look after: to consider
Ex:- I look up to Rajesh as my own brother.
19. look into: examine carefully
Ex:- The police are looking into the theft at present.
20. look for: try to find
Ex:- I looked for my lost pen but found it nowhere
21. standby: help
Ex:- If they trouble you we’ll stand by you.
22. stand for: represent
Ex:- M.O. stands for a money order.
23. take after: resemble, look alike
Ex:- The baby takes after its mother.
24. take to: start a habit
Ex:- Rahul has taken to drinking after his wife’s death.
Verb + Object + Particle
1. answer back: reply rudely
Ex:- It is not good to answer your parent’s back.
2. count in: include
Ex:- If you are going to the circus, count me in.
3. order about: call to do something
Ex:- Don’t try to order me about, I am not your servant.
4. take for: mistake
Ex:- My aunt took me forAnil.
5. fell apart: consider separate
Ex:- I have never been able to fall the two brothers apart.
6. try on: put on a garment to see whether it fits
Ex:- You must try these shoes on before you buy them.
Verb + Particle + Object
Verb + Object + Practical
1. blow up: break into pieces by an explosion
Ex:- The bridge was blown up by enemy soldiers.
2. bring about: cause to happen
Ex:- The new principal brought about several changes in the college.
3. bring out: Publish
Ex:- My father will bring out a new book next week.
4. bring up: rear, educate
Ex:- The mother worked hard to bring up her children.
5. call off: cancel
Ex:- We called off the strike after an agreement with the government.
6. carry on: Continue
Ex:- Smita carried on singing for a long time.
7. carry out: obey, do successfully
Ex:- You should carry out the order of your parents.
8. cut down: diminish, reduce
Ex:-You should cut down your expenses.
9. give up: stop
Ex:- You should give up smoking.
10. keep up: maintain, retain
Ex:- You should keep up the glory of your motherland.
11. keep away: remain at a distance Ex:- Keep away the children from fire.
12. lay by: keep for future use
Ex:- You should lay by something for old age.
13. leave out: omit
Ex:- You can leave out the questions you can not answer.
14. let down: opposite of back up.
Ex:- You have promised to stand by me. You won’t let me down, will you?
15. let off: not punish
Ex:- I’ll let you off this time, but I’ll punish you if you do it again.
16. lookup: search for a word in a dictionary.
Ex:- Look up a word in a dictionary, if you do not know its meaning.
17. make out: understand
Ex:- Can you make out the meaning of this sentence?
18. makeup: replace a loss
Ex:- It will take a long time to make up for the loss.
19. make over: to hand over charges
Ex:- The outgoing Principal made over the charge to the new Principal
20. pack up: stop working
Ex:- It is time to pack up and go home.
21. pick out: choose
Ex:- She picked out a frock that she liked most.
22. pulldown: Destroy
Ex:- The old building was pulled down.
23. put on: begin to wear, and dress oneself.
Ex:- Don’t forget to put your coat on.
24. put down: suppress by force
Ex:- The violent agitation was put down in no time.
25. put off: postpone, keep for a later time.
Ex:- Don’t put off today’s work for tomorrow.
26. put out: extinguish
Ex:- Put out the light before you sleep.
27. run over: knockdown – by traffic.
Ex:- Hundreds of pedestrians are run over in the streets every year.
28. setup: establish
Ex:- The government has set up a hospital in our village.
29. take in: cheat
Ex:- He was taken in by the shopkeeper.
30. takeoff: remove clothes, hat, etc.
Ex:- Take off your shoes before entering a temple.
31. take over: accept the duty
Ex:- Ramesh, took over the business from his father.
32. turndown: reject
Ex:- He turned down my request.
33. turn on: start the flow of
Ex:- I turned on the tap.
34. turnoff: stop the flow of
Ex:- Please turn off all lights before going to bed.
35. windup: bring to an end
Ex:- It is time for him to wind up his speech.
36. workout: calculate correctly
Ex:- An intelligent child can work out this sum.
Verb + Adverb Particle + Preposition + Object
1. catch up with: come from behind and reach someone in front by going faster.
Ex:- Drive fester, they are catching up with us.
2. do away with: abolish, get rid of
Ex:- You can’t do away with violence by using violence.
3. get up with: make progress in something you are doing.
Ex:- How are you getting on with your business?
4. go back on: fail to keep.
Ex:- I can’t go back on my word.
5. go in for: choose something as your job or interest.
Ex:- I thought of going in for teaching.
6. grow out of: became too big for
Ex:- He has grown out of that shirt.
7. look forward to: to be excited and pleased about something that is going to happen.
Ex:- We are looking forward to our uncle’s visit.
8. look down upon/on: hate, despise
Ex:- We should not look down upon the poor.
9. make up for: compensate for
Ex: – Hard work can often make up for lack of intelligence.
10. put up with: tolerate, bear
Ex:- I can’t put up with your rudeness any.
11. run out of: use all of something
Ex:-We have run out of sugar
12. watch out for: Keep looking and waiting for something/someone
13. keep up with: manage to go or learn as far as someone.
Ex:- The new boy can’t keep up with the class.
Exercise For Practice
1. Use appropriate phrasal verbs for the underlined verbs in the following sentences:
1. My brother has read this novel.
2. I can’t tolerate his insulting words.
3. His grandfather died yesterday.
4. He has postponed the meeting.
5. I can’t understand his speech.
6. We would not hate uncivilized people.
7. You should not try to cheat me.
8. Cholera has began in our locality.
9. The boy resembles his father.
10. That book has been published.
11. You should obey the words of the elders.
12. Pramila belongs to a royal family.
13. You should rise early in the morning.
14. Our Principal distributed the prizes.
15. You should maintain the prestige of your parents.
16. Stop the computer.
17. He has solved all the sums.
18. He has established a factory.
19. The police followed the thief.
20. The Pakistan army had to yield.
1. My brother has gone through this novel.
2. I can’t put up with his insulting words.
3. His grandfather passed away yesterday.
4. He has called off the meeting.
5. I can’t make out his speech.
6. We would not look down upon uncivilized people.
7. You should not try to take me in.
8. Cholera has broken out in our locality.
9. The boy takes after his father.
10. That book has been brought out.
11. You should carry out the words of the elders.
12. Pramila comes of a royal family.
13. You should get up early in the morning.
14. Our Principal gave away the prizes.
15. You should keep the prestige of your parents.
16. Turn off the computer.
17. He has worked out all the sums.
18. He has set up a factory.
19. The police ran after the thief.
20. The Pakistan army had to give in.
Exercise For Practice
2. Supply a phrasal verb of the same meaning as indicated in the brackets.
1. All the lights __________ when the power supply was cut off. (stopped giving light).
2. Please check if you have __________ any name. (omitted).
3. The workers __________ working for a long time. (continued)
4. You should __________ something for your children’s education. (save for future use).
5. Priya has __________ her illness only recently. (recovered from)
6. It is dishonest to __________ one’s words. (fail to keep a promise)
7. Ranjit was __________ by a car. (hit).
8. The tires of my cycle have __________. (become unfit for use)
9. Mr. Patra has __________ a school in his village. (established)
10. You should __________ wild animals in a jungle. (be careful of)
11. This clock has __________. (stopped working)
12. You must __________ your misbehavior. (give a reason for)
13. I __________ and an old friend at a shop. (met by chance)
14. The new boy __________ with almost everybody in the class. (quarrel)
Exercise For Practice
3. Choose the correct particles to make the sentences meaningful.
1. I called __________ my friend, (off / on)
2. We took a long time to work __________ the problem, (out / at)
3. The minister has promised to think the __________ matter. (about / over)
4. It is hard to make __________ their purpose, (out / upon)
5. We are looking __________ the problem carefully, (at/into/for)
6. Always keep __________ from danger, (out/away)
7. The thief got __________ with my car. (out / away)
8. An accident brought __________ a change in his life, (about / out)
9. It is bad manners to answer __________. (to, at, back)
10. The robbers broke __________ the bank at night, (down / into)
11. Take __________ the dirty clothes, (of / off / out)
12. The child is looking __________ the birds, (to/at/ for)
13. I rang __________ Aju in the morning, (to / up / for)
14. They are bringing __________ a new book, (about / out / to)
15. Would you care __________ a tea? (for/to / on)
16. They pulled __________ the old house, (off / top/down)
17. The reporters took __________ the speech, (down/off/to)
18. I am looking __________ your problem (to with/up with/in with)
19. I can’t put __________ rude people (to with / up with / in with)
20. The soldiers blew __________ the bridge, (down / off / up)
21. I can’t make __________ the meaning of this word, (to/of / out)
22. She carried __________ singing for a long time, (into/of / on)