Odisha State Board BSE Odisha 10th Class English Solutions Chapter 3 The Solitary Reaper Textbook Exercise Questions and Answers.
BSE Odisha Class 10 English Solutions Chapter 3 The Solitary Reaper
BSE Odisha 10th Class English The Solitary Reaper Text Book Questions and Answers
G. Let’s Understand The Poem:
Answer the following questions orally. You may refer to the text with your word knowledge to locate the facts/information required.
ଭାବେ ଦିଅ । ଆବଶ୍ୟକ ତଥ୍ୟ ଚିହ୍ନଟ ବା ନିରୂପଣ ନିମନ୍ତେ ତୁମେ ତୁମ ଶବ୍ଦଜ୍ଞାନ ସହିତ ପାଠ୍ୟବିଷୟର ମଧ୍ୟ ସାହାଯ୍ୟ ନେଇପାର ।)
What is the central idea ((ମୁଖ୍ୟଶ ବା ସାରକଥା)of the poem? (Tick the correct answer.)
(a) Reapers can sing like birds.
(b) Sweet music appeals (ମଧୁର ସଙ୍ଗୀତ) to all.
(c) Beautiful experiences have long-lasting effects.
(d) Rich harvest (ଭଲ ଫସଲ | ଅମଳ) makes the reaper happy.
(b) Sweet music appeals to all.
The setting (background — ପୃଷ୍ଠଭୂମି) of the poem is ________
(a) the Arabian deserts
(b) the British Isles
(c) the Hebrides Islands
(d) the mountain regions of Scotland
(d) the mountain regions of Scotland
Who are the people described in the poem?
( କବିତାରେ କେଉଁ ବ୍ୟକ୍ତିବିଶେଷଙ୍କ ବିଷୟରେ ବର୍ଣ୍ଣନା କରାଯାଇଛି ?)
In the poem the people passing by the poet (କବିଙ୍କ ପାଖ ଦେଇ ଅତିକ୍ରମ କରୁଥିବା କବି ଡ) are described.
Who does the expression “Highland Lass” refer to? Why does he describe her as “Yon solitary Highland Lass”?
(“Highland Lass” a mizig qo କରୁଛି ? ସେ (କବି) କାହିଁକି ତାକୁ (ଶସ୍ୟକଟାଳିକୁ) “Yon solitary Highland Lass” ବୋଲି ଅଭିହିତ କରିଛନ୍ତି ?)
The expression “Highland Lass (maiden — ବାଳିକା)” refers to (implies -ସୂଚିତ କରେ |) the solitary reaper. He (the poet) describes her ((he girl or the reaper) as “Yon solitary Highland Lass” because she is all alone in the mountain regions.
What is the girl doing?
(ଝିଅଟି କ’ଣ କରୁଛି ?)
The girl is singing by herself (alone — ଏକାକୀ) while reaping the grain.
Who does the poet say “Stop here or gently pass’? Why does he say so?
(କବି କାହାକୁ କହିଛନ୍ତି “Stop here or gently pass” ? ସେ ଏହା କାହିଁକି କହିଛନ୍ତି ?)
The poet says to the passers-by (ବାଟୋଇ ବା ପଥଚାରୀ) “Stop here or gently pass”. He says so to enjoy the reaper’s sweet song thoroughly.
Pick out the words which tell that the girl does not have anyone by her side.
(କବିତାରୁ ସେହି ଶବ୍ଦସମୂହ ବାଛ ଯାହା ଦର୍ଶାଉଛି ଯେ ଝିଅଟି ପାଖରେ ଆଉ କେହି ନାହାନ୍ତି ।)
The words which tell that the girl doesn’t have anyone by her side (near her) are “Yon solitary Highland Lass” and “by herself”.
What is the tone of her song — happy, sad, soothing or sympathetic?
(ଝିଅଟିର ଗୀତର ଭାବ କ’ଣ – ସୁଖ, ଦୁଃଖ, ଆରାମ ବା ସହାନୁଭୂତିମୂଳକ ?)
The tone (feeling) of her song is sadness (ବିଷାଦ).
Overflowing with sound – Explain.
(‘Overflowing with sound’ – (ଶବ୍ଦ ସହିତ ପ୍ରବାହିତ ହେଉଛି | )
The expression “Overflowing with sound” means the free-flowing voice of the maiden’s song that spreads all over the valley.
The solitary reaper’s song reminds the poet of other singers. Who are they?
(ନିର୍ଜନ ଶସ୍ୟକଟାଳିର ଗୀତ କବିଙ୍କୁ ଅନ୍ୟ ଗାୟିକାମାନଙ୍କ ବିଷୟରେ ମନେ ପକାଇ ଦେଉଛି । ସେମାନେ କିଏ ?)
The solitary reaper’s song reminds (causes to remember – ମନେରଖିବାକୁ କାରଣ କରେ |) the poet of other singers. They are ‘cuckoo’ and ‘nightingale’.
Who sings welcome notes? Where? For whom? What for?
( ଯିଏ ସ୍ୱାଗତ ନୋଟ୍ ଗାଇଥାଏ ? ଗାନ କରିଥାଏ ? କେଉଁଠାରେ ? କାହା ପାଇଁ ? କେଉଁଥିପାଇଁ ?)
The nightingale (ନାଇଟିଙ୍ଗଲେ |) sings welcome notes (songs) in the Arabian deserts for the band of extremely (ଅତ୍ୟନ୍ତ) tired travellers to give them the thrill of her melodious music (ପଥଶ୍ରାନ୍ତ ବାଟୋଇମାନଙ୍କୁ ମଧୁର ଗୀତର ରୋମାଞ୍ଚ ପ୍ରଦାନ କରିବା ନିମନ୍ତେ).
Whose voice is thrilling?
(କାହାର ସ୍ମର ରୋମାଞ୍ଚକର ଅଟେ ?)
The cuckoo’s voice is thrilling (very exciting or joyful).
Where does it sing? When?
(ଏହା (କୋଇଲି) କେଉଁଠାରେ ଗୀତ ଗାଏ ? କେତେବେଳେ ? )
It (the cuckoo) sings from the farthest (remotest – ସୁଦୂର) )Hebrides in springtime.
Who does Wordsworth compare the farmer girl with? Why?
( କିଏ କରେWordsworth କୃଷକ ଝିଅକୁ କାହା ସହିତ ତୁଳନା କରିଛନ୍ତି ? କାହିଁକି ?)
The poet Wordsworth compares the farmer girl with the nightingale and the cuckoo. Because the girl or the maiden or the reaper sings melodiously (very sweetly – ବହୁତ ମଧୁର) like the nightingale or the cuckoo.
The peasant girl’s song is not intelligible to the poet because.
Tick the right answer.) (କୃଷକ ଝିଅର ଗୀତ କବିଙ୍କ ପାଇଁ ଅସ୍ପଷ୍ଟ ବା ଅବୋଧ ଅଟେ କାରଣ ……) (ଠିକ୍ ଉତ୍ତର ପାଖରେ ଏ ଚିହ୍ନ ଦିଅ ।)
• her song is in a dialect he does not understand.
• he is far away from hearing the words of the song.
• her voice is not clear as she is humming the words.
• her voice is too soft for him to get.
her song is in a dialect (ତାଙ୍କର ଗୀତ ଏକ ଉପଭାଷାରେ ଅଛି) he does not understand. (✓)
What does the phrase ‘humble lay’ mean?
(‘ନମ୍ର ଲେ’ ବାକ୍ୟର ଅର୍ଥ କ’ଣ?)
The phrase ‘humble lay’ means the song of a regular ordinary life story.
The expression ‘plaintive numbers’ refers to sad music. Pick out another phrase in the poem carrying the same meaning.
(‘plaintive numbers’ ଉକ୍ତି ଦୁଃଖ ସଙ୍ଗୀତକୁ ସୂଚିତ କରୁଛି । ଏହି ଅର୍ଥ ବହନ କରୁଥିବା ଅନ୍ୟ କବିତାର ଏକ ବାକ୍ୟଶ ବାହାର କର ।)
The expression ‘plaintive numbers’ refers to sad music. Another phrase in the poem carrying (implying -ଇଙ୍ଗିତ କରିବା) the same meaning is “a melancholy (sad) strain (song)”.
What does the poet mean to say “As if her song could have no ending”?
(“As if her song could have no ending” ବୋଲି କବି କେଉଁ ଅର୍ଥରେ କହିଛନ୍ତି ? )
Tick the most appropriate answer below.
(ନିମ୍ନରେ ଥିବା ଉପଯୁକ୍ତ ଉତ୍ତର ପାଖରେ I ଚିହ୍ନ ଦିଅ ।)
• Her song is too long to end.
• She keeps on singing and seems not to end.
• The poet does not want the song to end.
• The song contains an everlasting universal theme that recycles.
The song contains (ଗୀତରର ଅଛି ) an everlasting (ଅନନ୍ତ) universal theme (ସର୍ବଭାରତୀୟ ଥିମ୍ |) which recycles. (✓)
The poet listens ‘motionless and still’ because _______________. (ନିଶ୍ଚଳ ଓ ନୀରବ ହୋଇ କବି ଶୁଣୁଛନ୍ତି କାରଣ ______________)
(Tick the right answer.) (ଠିକ୍ ଉତ୍ତରରେ ✓ ଚିହ୍ନ ଦିଅ ।)
• the rich melodious voice of the singer holds him mesmerized and spellbound.
• he was tired after walking uphill.
• he wanted to learn the words and rhythm of the song.
• he is rooted to the spot by the girl’s beauty.
the rich melodious voice of the singer holds him mesmerised and spellbound (ବିମୋହିତ ଓ ଅଭିଭୂତ କରି ଦେଇଛି). (✓)
How did the song affect the narrator?
(ଗୀତଟି କିପରି କବିଙ୍କୁ ପ୍ରଭାବିତ କରିଥିଲା ?)
The poet continues to hum (ଗୁଣୁଗୁଣୁ କରି ଗାଉଛନ୍ତି)the melodious song of the reaper even after a long period of time had passed since he first listened to the song.
In stanza 1 and stanza 2, four words and phrases have been used to show that the girl working in the fields is without anyone by her. Pick out these words and phrases.
(ପଡ୍-୧ ଓ ପଡ୍କ୍ସି-୨ରେ ଚାରୋଟି ଶବ୍ଦ ଓ ବାକ୍ୟାଶ ବ୍ୟବହୃତ ହୋଇଛି ଯାହାକି ଝିଅଟି କ୍ଷେତରେ ନିଃସଙ୍ଗ ଭାବେ କାର୍ଯ୍ୟ କରୁଥିବାର ଦର୍ଶାଉଛି । ସେହି ଶବ୍ଦ ବା ବାକ୍ୟଶଗୁଡ଼ିକୁ ବାହାର କର/ଚୟନ କର ।)
Four words or phrases in stanza 1 and stanza 2 have been used to show that the girl working in the fields is without anyone by her. These words or phrases are: ‘Single in the field’, ‘Yon solitary Highland Lass’, ‘Reaping and singing by herself and the word ‘Alone’.
The theme of the solitary reaper’s song contains sadness. What other words are used in place of ‘sad’ ?
(ନିର୍ଜନ ଶସ୍ୟକଟାଳିର ଗୀତର ସାରମର୍ମ ଦୁଃଖଭିଭିକ । ‘Sad’ ବଦଳରେ ଅନ୍ୟ କେଉଁ ଶବ୍ଦଗୁଡ଼ିକ ବ୍ୟବହୃତ ହୋଇଛି ?)
The theme of the ‘solitary reaper’s song contains sadness. The other words used in place of ‘sad’ are ‘melancholy’ (ବିଷାଦଗ୍ରସ୍ତ), ‘plaintive’ (କରୁଣ), ‘sorrow’ and ‘pain’.
What are the two synonyms for the ‘young girl’?
(‘ଯୁବତୀ’ ପାଇଁ ଦୁଇଟି ସମକକ୍ଷ କ’ଣ?)
The two synonyms (ପ୍ରତିଶବ୍ଦ) for the ‘young girl’ are ‘Lass’ and ‘Maiden’.
Three other words are used to mean ‘song’. What are they?
(‘song’ ବା ଗୀତକୁ ସୂଚିତ କରୁଥିବା ଅନ୍ୟ ତିନୋଟି ଶବ୍ଦ ବ୍ୟବହୃତ ହୋଇଛି । ସେଗୁଡ଼ିକ କ’ଣ ?)
The three other words to mean ‘song’ are ‘strain’, ‘numbers’, and ‘lay’.
A melancholy strain’ in stanza 2 means ‘sad song’. Find out another phrase in stanza 5 with a similar meaning.
(ପଡ୍-୨ରେ ‘A melancholy strain’ର ଅର୍ଥ ହେଉଛି ‘ଦୁଃଖ ଗୀତ’ । ପଙ୍-୫ରେ ଏହି ଅର୍ଥ ବହନ କରୁଥିବା ଅନ୍ୟ ଏକ ବାକ୍ୟଶ ବାହାର କର ।)
‘A melancholy strain’ in stanza 2 means ‘sad song’. Another phrase in stanza 5 with a similar meaning is ‘plaintive numbers’.
Which word in stanza 5 expresses the poet’s guess?
( ପଙ୍କ୍ତି-୫ରେ କେଉଁ ଶବ୍ଦ କବିଙ୍କର ଅନୁମାନକୁ ପ୍ରକାଶ କରୁଛି ?)
The word ‘perhaps’ (ବୋଧହୁଏ) in stanza 5 expresses the poet’s guess.
F. Let’s Appreciate The Poem:
Describe what picture on the valley and the farm worker come to your mind as you read the poem.
(ତୁମେ କବିତାକୁ ପଢ଼ିବାବେଳେ ଉପତ୍ୟକା ଓ କୃଷିକ୍ଷେତ୍ରରେ କାର୍ଯ୍ୟରତ ଶ୍ରମଜୀବୀର କେଉଁ ଛବି ତୁମ ମନକୁ ଆସୁଛି ବର୍ଣ୍ଣନା କର ।)
As I read the poem. the background of the poem which is set in a mountain valley and a solitary reaper girl working there comes to my mind. The valley spreads across the mountains. The green lush alley (ସବୁଜିମା ଭରା ଗଳିକନ୍ଦି) looks feasting (ଭୋଜିଭାତ) to the eyes of the on lookers (ନିରୀକ୍ଷଣକାରୀ). In the field of the valley, the sight of the solitary (lonely) reaper comes to the notice of the poet. The lonely girl while cutting and binding the grain is found singing a gloomy (ବିଷାଦମୟ ଗୀତ) song. The girl presents the picture of a fresh inspiring (ପ୍ରେରଣାଦାୟୀ) and enjoyable (ଉପଭୋଗ୍ୟ) commodity (ଦ୍ରବ୍ୟ) in the widespread solitariness (ଏକାକୀପଣ) of the dull (ନିସ୍ତେଜ) railey.
Why do you think Wordsworth has chosen the song of the nightingale and cuckoo for comparison with the solitary reaper’s song?
(ତୁମେ କାହିଁକି ଭାବୁଛ Wordsworth ନିର୍ଜନ ଶସ୍ୟକଟାଳିର ଗୀତ ସହ ତୁଳନା କରିବା ପାଇଁ ବୁଲ୍ବୁଲ୍ ଓ କୋଇଲିର ଗୀତକୁ ଚୟନ କରିଛନ୍ତି ?)
Obviously (ଅବଶ୍ୟ କବି) the poet William Wordsworth is absolutely (thoroughly – ସମ୍ପୂର୍ଣ୍ଣ ଭାବରେ) )captivated (ବିମୋହିତ) by the hunting melody (ଶିକାର ମେଲୋଡି) of the reaper’s song though he hasn’t been able to understand the theme. The maiden’s song reminds (ମନେ ପକାଇ ଦେଲା) him of the songs of the nightingale and the cuckoo. The poet’s choosing the song(s) of these two birds stands crystal clear ( ନିର୍ମଳ) to us. The tired travelers of the Arabian deserts listening to the soulful (sweet – ମଧୁର) music of the nightingale and the people getting immense joy (ଅସୀମ ଆନନ୍ଦ) from the note (song) of the cuckoo flowing (ବହିୟାଉଛି କୋକିଲ) from the far-off Hebrides in spring color of the poet’s imagination (କଳ୍ପନା). The songs of the reaper as well as (and) those of the nightingales and the cuckoos though (ଯଦିଓ) unintelligible (not fit to be understood – ବୁଝିବା ଯୋଗ୍ୟ ନୁହେଁ) have the source (ଉତ୍ସ) of perennial joy (ଚିରନ୍ତନ ଆନନ୍ଦ) in the routine dull life (ନିତିଦିନିଆ ନୀରସ ଜୀବନରେ) of human beings.
Whose song is sweeter according to the poet – the nightingale and the cuckoos or the solitary reaper’s? or the solitary reapers?
(କବିଙ୍କ ଅନୁସାରେ |ମତରେ କାହାର ଗୀତ ମଧୁରତର – ବୁଲ୍ବୁଲ୍ ବା କୋଇଲିର ବା ନିର୍ଜନ ଶସ୍ୟକଟାଳିର ?)
According to the poet, the solitary reaper’s song is sweeter.
I. Let’s Write:
The poet cannot understand the words of the songq vet he raised several possibilities about its theme. In the diagram below are some of the possibilities. Read the stanzas-S and 6, and find out the phrases that match each. Work In pairs and complete the diagram writing the correct phrases in the blanks. One is done for you. (କବି ଗୀତର ଶବ୍ଦଗୁଡ଼ିକୁ ବୁଝିପାରୁନାହାନ୍ତି, ତଥାପି ସେ ଗୀତର ସାରମର୍ମ ବିଷୟରେ ଅନେକ ସମ୍ଭାବନାର ପ୍ରଶ୍ନ ଉଠାଇଛନ୍ତି । ନିମ୍ନ ଅଙ୍କିତ diagramରେ କେତେକ ସମ୍ଭାବନା ପ୍ରଦାନ କରାଯାଇଛି । ପଙ୍-୫ ଓ ୬ ପଢ଼ ଏବଂ ପ୍ରତ୍ୟେକ ସହ ଖାପ ଖାଉଥିବା ବାକ୍ୟଶଗୁଡ଼ିକୁ ଚୟନ କର, ଦୁଇ ଦୁଇଜଣ ହୋଇ କାର୍ଯ୍ୟ କର ଏବଂ diagramର ଶୂନ୍ୟସ୍ଥାନଗୁଡ଼ିକରେ ସଠିକ୍ ବାକ୍ୟାଶ ଲେଖୁ ପୂରଣ କର ।)
In stanza-3 and 4, the poet compares the solitary reaper’s song with that of the nightingale and the cuckoo. On the basis of your reading the poem and your imagination, complete the table below with required information/facts. Work in groups of 4. Then check your findings with others in a brief class discussion. discussion. (ପଙ୍କ୍ତି – ୩ ଓ ୪ରେ କବି ନିର୍ଜନ ଶସ୍ୟକଟାଳିର ଗୀତକୁ ବୁଲ୍ବୁଲ୍ର ଗୀତ ଓ କୋଇଲିର ଗୀତ ସହିତ ତୁଳନା କରିଛନ୍ତି । ତୁମର କବିତା ପଠନ ଓ କଳ୍ପନାକୁ ଆଧାର କରି ନିମ୍ନଲିଖ୍ ସାରଣୀ (table)କୁ ଆବଶ୍ୟକୀୟ ତଥ୍ୟ ସହ ପୂରଣ କର । ୪ ଜଣିଆ ଦଳରେ କାର୍ଯ୍ୟ କର । ତୁମର ତଥ୍ୟ ସହ ଅନ୍ୟମାନଙ୍କ ତଥ୍ୟ ସଂକ୍ଷିପ୍ତ ଆଲୋଚନା ମାଧ୍ୟମରେ ତୁଳନା କର ।)
|Singer||Place||Listener||Impact on the listener|
|Solitary reaper||Scottish Highland||the poet||holds him spellbound|
Now write one paragraph for each sub-table using the facts/information available hereunder. One is done for you.
(ଏବେ ପ୍ରତି ଉପ-ସାରଣୀ ପାଇଁ ସେଥ୍ରେ ଉପଲବ୍ଧ ତଥ୍ୟଗୁଡ଼ିକୁ ନେଇ ଗୋଟିଏ ଗୋଟିଏ ଅନୁଚ୍ଛେଦ ଲେଖ । ଗୋଟିଏ ତୁମପାଇଁ କରି ଦିଆଯାଇଛି ।)
|The solitary reaper was singing a melodious song as she reaped crops in the deep valley of the Scottish Highlands. The poet chanced to see (ଦେଖିବା ପାଇଁ ମନ ବଳାଇଲେ) and hear her. The tone and the tune enchanted (ଟ୍ୟୁନ୍ କବିଙ୍କୁ ମନ୍ତ୍ରମୁଗ୍ଧ କରିଦେଲା) the poet. It held him mesmerized and spellbound. The poet stood motionless and still as he listened to the song.|
On the Nightingale (ରାତି ଅଧରେ) -As the poet listened to the song of the reaper more and more, the picture of nightingale crosses his mind (ମନକୁ ଆସିଛି). When the travelers are already exhausted (very tired- ଅତି କ୍ଳାନ୍ତ) from the long journey. rest themselves in the cool shades of sorne oasis (ମରୂଦ୍ୟାନର ଶୀତଳ ଛାୟାରେ ବିଶ୍ରାମ ନିଅନ୍ତି )they chance to listen (ହଠାତ୍ ଶୁଣିବାକୁ ପାଆନ୍ତି) to the captivating music (ପୁଲକିତ ସଙ୍ଗୀତ) of the nightingale and they forget the weariness (ଅବସାଦ) of the long travel.
On the Cuckoo (କୁକୁଡା ଉପରେ) -The sweet and soulful music of the reaper’s song continued to echo (ପ୍ରତିଧ୍ଵନିତ ହେବାକୁ ଲାଗିଲା) in the poet’s heart. The cuckoo, the harbinger (announcer – ଘୋଷକ) of spring appeared to tickle (ବସନ୍ତର ଝଙ୍କାର ଉଠିଲା) the poet’s imagination. The bird’s thrilling music overflowed, breaking the silence(ନିସ୍ତବ୍ଧତାକୁ ଭାଙ୍ଗି) of the group of islands that lie to the north-west of Scotland.
Imagine that you are the poet, William Wordsworth. Just after hearing the solitary reaper, you will continue on your walk and reach home. Try to describe your experience to your younger brother and what you saw and felt.
(ମନେକର ତୁମେ ହେଉଛି କବି William Wordsworth । (ନିର୍ଜନ ଶସ୍ୟକଟାଳିର ଗୀତ ଶୁଣିବା ପରେ, ତୁମେ ତୁମର ଚାଲିବା ବଜାୟ ରଖ୍ ଘରେ ପହଞ୍ଚିଯିବ । ତୁମେ ଯାହା ଦେଖୁଲ ଓ ଅନୁଭବ କଲ ସେ ସମ୍ପର୍କରେ ତୁମର ଅନୁଭୂତି ତୁମର ସାନଭାଇ ନିକଟରେ ବର୍ଣ୍ଣନା କର ।)
Dear Preeti, just now I was walking in the valley. I saw a solitary reaper working alone in the field. While working he was singing to herself. I was so mesmerized by her singing that I stopped there for a moment and listened to her song. The reaper was singing while cutting and binding the grain. She was singing in a very tragic (ମର୍ମନ୍ତୁଦ) voice. But her voice was extremely melodious (ଅତ୍ୟନ୍ତ ମଧୁର). The more I listened to the song, the more thrill I felt in my mind and heart. Even (ଏପରିକି) the musical notes (ସଙ୍ଗୀତ ସମ୍ବନ୍ଧୀୟ) of the nightingale and the cuckoo appeared to have lacked (ଅଭାବ) the depth (ଗଭୀରତା) of feeling. As I climbed up the hill and stood motionless, the reaper’s song made me spellbound (ମୋତେ ଅପାର ଆନନ୍ଦରେ ଅଭିଭୂତ କରିଦେଲା). The song continues to trasport (ଚିରନ୍ତନ ଆନନ୍ଦର ଆବେଗକୁ ମୋତେ କ୍ରମାଗତ ଦେଇଯାଉଛି) bliss (ଅନାବିଳ ଆନନ୍ଦ).
‘The Solitary Reaper’ is a superb panorama of events that slowly and silently glides from one to the other. Given below a glimpse of the poet’s lofty thoughts occurring in the poem. But they miss their sequence. Can you reorder them as they occur in the poem?
Write (a) / (b) / (c) / (d / (e) in the boxes to show the order. (‘The Solitary Reaper’ କବିତା ହେଉଛି ଘଟଣାସମୂହର ଏକ ଉଚ୍ଚକୋଟୀର ଚଳନ୍ତି ପ୍ରବାହ ଯେଉଁଗୁଡ଼ିକ ଧୀରେ ଧୀରେ ଗୋଟିଏରୁ ଅନ୍ୟ ଗୋଟିଏକୁ ଗତି କରୁଛି । ନିମ୍ନରେ କବିଙ୍କର କବିତାରେ ପ୍ରକାଶ ପାଇଥିବା ଚମତ୍କାର ଭାବନାଗୁଡ଼ିକର ଏକ କ୍ଷୁଦ୍ର ପ୍ରତିଛବି ପ୍ରଦାନ କରାଯାଇଛି । କିନ୍ତୁ ସେଗୁଡ଼ିକ କ୍ରମ ଅନୁସାରେ ନାହାନ୍ତି । କବିତାର ଘଟଣାକ୍ରମ ଅନୁସାରେ ସଜାଇ ଲେଖ । କ୍ରମ ନିର୍ଦ୍ଦେଶ ପାଇଁ ବାକ୍ସଗୁଡ଼ିକରେ (a) | (b) | (c) | (d) / (e) ଲେଖ ।)
(a) The poet’s guess (ଅନୁମାନ ) is that the solitary reaper’s song contains a theme of sorrow, loss or pain.
(b) Touching tone and melody of the song holds the poet mesmerised and spell bound.
(c) Poet walks up the hill carrying the maiden’s song in his heart and head.
(d) The young farm worker sings to herself (ନିଜକୁ ନିଜେ ଗୀତ ଗାଉଛି) as (ଯେପରି) she is reaping (ଅମଳ) the corn.
(e) Wordsworth compares the girl’s song with the songs of the nightingale and the cuckoo.
Given below isa description similar to your experience. But some words/phrases are missing in it. Complete the description using appropriate words/phrases from the from the HELP BOX. (ତୁମର ଅନୁଭୂତି ସହ ସମାନ ଏକ ବର୍ଣ୍ଣନା ଦିଆଯାଇଛି । HELP BOXରୁ ସଠିକ୍ ଶବ୍ଦ ବା ବାକ୍ୟାଶଗୁଡ଼ିକୁ ବାଛି ନିମ୍ନ ପ୍ରଦତ୍ତ ବର୍ଣ୍ଣନାକୁ ପୂରଣ କର ।)
|“Just now, J was walking, I saw a _______ in the field. She was ________ as she worked. I was so affected ________ that I ___________. She had, which seemed to _______ was a sad one, and I could not. But its ________ and melancholy sound. and its ________ reminded me of the song and. After some time I walked ___________, of the young _____ with me.”|
|Beauty||up the hill||singing to herself|
|a nightingale||in the valley||stopped and listened|
|a cuckoo||by her singing||till the whole valley|
|the song||a beautiful voice||understand the words|
|woman’s song||young farm worker||touched me greatly|
|plaintive tone||carrying the memory|
“Just now, I was walking in the valley, I saw a young farm worker (ଶ୍ରମିକ କାର୍ଯ୍ୟରତ ଯୁବତୀ) in the field. She was singing to herself as she worked. I was so affected
(ଏତେ ପ୍ରଭାବିତ ହୋଇ ଯାଇଥୁଲି)her singing that (ତାହା) I stopped and listened.
She had a beautiful voice, which seemed to fill the whole valley (ସମ୍ପୂର୍ଣ୍ଣ ଉପତ୍ୟକାକୁ ପ୍ରତିଧ୍ଵନିତ କରୁଥିବାର ଜଣାପଡୁଥିଲା ). The song was a sad one, and I could not understand the words.
But its plaintive tone (ବିଷାଦମୟ ସ୍ବର) and melancholy sound touched me greatly, and its beauty reminded me of the song of a nightingale and a cuckoo. After some time I walked the hill carrying the memory (ସ୍ମୃତି ବହନ କରି), of the young woman’s song with me.”
Write answers to all the questions under “G. Let us understand the poem”.
BSE Odisha 10th Class English The Solitary Reaper Important Questions and Answers
Very Short A Objective Questions With Answers:
A. Answer The Following Questions In Word Or A Phrase.
Who was singing in the field?
the solitary reaper/the Highland Lass
Where was the field?
in the regions of the high mountains
What was the girl?
a solitary reaper
What was the girl doing in the field?
singing to herself while cutting the grain
What request does the poet make to the passers-by?
to stop there or pass slowly
What was overflowing with the sound of the song?
the profound or deep valley
What was the vale like?
deep and widespread
What sort of song was the reaper singing?
a sad or melancholic song
Whose welcome notes are greeted by tired travelers?
Where is the shady haunt?
among the Arabian deserts
When does the cuckoo sing?
Whose song was more appealing than those of the nightingales and cuckoos?
the reaper’s song
Why couldn’t the poet understand the girl’s song?
the language of the song being unfamiliar (ଅଜଣା ଥିବାରୁ )
How did the poet listen to the reaper’s song?
standing (ଠିଆ ହୋଇ) still and motionless
What was the note of the reaper’s music?
sad or sorrowful
B. Fill In The Blanks With Right Words:
1. The solitary reaper was busy cutting the grain in ___________.
2. The word ‘Highland’ means ___________.
high mountain regions
3. The reaper was cutting and ___________.
binding the grain or crops
4. ___________is resounded with the girl’s song.
The profound valley /vale
The poet appeals to ___________ to stop there on gently pass.
The solitary reaper was singing a ___________.
melancholic or sad song
___________are the weary bands.
The tired travelers
The cuckoo’s song broke ___________.
the silence of the seas
The travelers rest in ___________.
shady or cool haunts
___________ gives comfort to tired travelers.
The nightingale & sweet note
The sad songs of the girl flow from ___________.
old, unhappy, and familiar matters
More welcome notes come from ___________.
The reaper’s song may have ___________.
Words like ‘maiden’ and ‘lass’ stand for ___________.
While at work the reaper held ___________ in her hand.
Multiple Choice Questions (Mcqs) With Answers
Pick out the correct alternative.
The poem “Solitary Reaper” is written by ___________.
(A) William Wordsworth
(B) John Keats
(D) R.N. Tagore
(A) William Wordsworth
William Wordsworth is/was famous as one of the poets.
(A) greatest romantic
(B) greatest Nature
(C) greatest social
(D) greatest traditional
(B) greatest Nature
Wordsworth belongs to the age in English literature.
In the line/expression “Yon Solitary Highland Lass !“. the word ‘Yon’ means.
(D) over there
(D) over there
The narrator / The poet requests the passers-by to stop there or.
(A) pass noiselessly
(B) pass quickly
(C) go ahead
(D) gently pass
(D) gently pass
The phrase “Highland Lass” means the girl living in the high mountain region of.
The solitary reaper is reaping and by herself.
are requested by the poet to pass gently (slowly).
(A) The passers-by
(B) The travelers
(C) The farmers
(D) The villagers
(A) The passers-by
In the line “Behold her single in the field”, the pronoun ‘her’ stands for.
(A) the solitary reaper
(B) the solitary girl
(C) The solitary worker
(D) The old lady
(A) the solitary reaper
The deep and is filled with the sweet song of the solitary reaper.
(A) shallow valley
(B) wide valley
(C) narrow valley
(D) profound valley
(B) wide valley
“Deep and wide” denotes the word meant for the ‘valley’.
Alone cuts and binds the grain.
(A) the young farmer
(B) the old farmer
(C) the solitary worker
(D) the solitary reaper
(D) the solitary reaper
The group of rest / are resting in the shady haunt.
(A) young travelers
(B) weary pilgrims
(C) rich travelers
(D) tired travelers
(D) tired travelers
The soothing notes of providing (give) peace and joy to tired travelers in the desert.
The Nightingale is famous for its sweetness or melodious.
The melody of the breaks / is breaking the silence of the seas.
The bird cuckoo sings in.
The word in the poem denotes that the reaper is unmarried.
The phrase “familiar matter” described in the poem means the events of.
(A) day-to-day life
(B) past life
(C) normal life
(D) material ife
(A) day-to-day life
The poet listened to the reaper’s / girl’s / farmer girl’s song still and.
The Solitary Reaper Summary in English
In the present poem, Wordsworth recalls (ୱାର୍ଡସୱର୍ଥ ସ୍ମରଣ କରେ) an experience (ଏକ ଅଭିଜ୍ଞତା)that had created a lasting impression (ଯାହା ଏକ ସ୍ଥାୟୀ ଭାବନା ସୃଷ୍ଟି କରିଥିଲା |) upon his mind. The poet’s depicting (ଚିତ୍ରଣ) a solitary Highland Lass (ଏକ ନିର୍ଜନ ଉଚ୍ଚଭୂମି ଲାସ୍) and the effect (ପ୍ରଭାବ) of her sweet song on him forms the crux (major subject — ମୁଖ୍ୟ ବିଷୟ) of the poem.
Stanza 1 (Lines 1 to 4)
Behold her single in the field.
Yon solitary Highland Lass!
Reaping and singing by herself;
Stop here, or gently pass!
Gist: In the first stanza, the poet urges (calls) the by-passers to behold (to see) the solitary Highland Lass (maiden) who while reaping the corns is singing by herself (alone). The poet appeals to them (the by-passers) to stop near the girl or cross the path slowly.
ସାରାଂଶ : କବିତାର ପ୍ରଥମ ପତ୍ତ୍ତିରେ କବି ନିକଟରେ ଯାତାୟାତ କରୁଥିବା ପଥଚାରୀମାନଙ୍କୁ ଉଚ୍ଚ ପର୍ବତଶ୍ରେଣୀରେ ଶସ୍ୟ କାଟୁଥିବା ଓ ମନକୁ ମନ ଗୀତ ଗାଉଥିବା ଏକ ଝିଅକୁ ଲକ୍ଷ୍ୟ କରିବାପାଇଁ ଆଗ୍ରହ ପ୍ରକାଶ କରିଛନ୍ତି । ଝିଅଟି ପାଖରେ ଅଟକିଯିବା ପାଇଁ ବା ଧୀରେ ଧୀରେ ରାସ୍ତାକୁ ଅତିକ୍ରମ କରିବାପାଇଁ ସେ (କବି) ପଥଚାରୀମାନଙ୍କୁ ନିବେଦନ କରିଛନ୍ତି ।
Stanza 2 (Lines 5 to 8)
Alone she cuts and binds the grain,
And sings a melancholy strain;
O listen! for the Vale, profound Is overflowing with sound.
Gist: The girl or the maiden is found cutting and binding the grain. While doing so, she keeps on singing a sad number (song). The poet calls upon (urges) the passers-by to listen to that melodious song. The sprawling (widespread) valley of the mountain region is overflowed with the sweetness of the song.
ସାରାଂଶ : ଉଚ୍ଚ ପର୍ବତାଞ୍ଚଳରେ କୁମାରୀ ବା ଝିଅଟି ଶସ୍ୟ କାଟି ବିଡ଼ା ବାନ୍ଧୁଥିବାର ଦେଖାଯାଉଛି । ଏହା କରୁଥିଲାବେଳେ ସେ ଏକ ଦୁଃଖ ବା ବିଷାଦଭରା ଗୀତ ଗାଇ ଚାଲିଛି । ସେହି ମଧୁର ଗୀତକୁ ଶୁଣିବା ନିମିତ୍ତ ସେ (କବି) ପଥଚାରୀମାନଙ୍କୁ ଆହ୍ବାନ ଦେଇଛନ୍ତି । ଝିଅର ଗୀତ ସମ୍ପୂର୍ଣ୍ଣ ପର୍ବଶ୍ରେଣୀର ବିସ୍ତୃତ ଉପତ୍ୟକାକୁ ବିମୋହିତ କରିଦେଇଛି ।
Stanza 3 (Lines 9 to 12)
No Nightingale did ever chaunt.
More welcome notes to weary bands
Of travelers in some shady haunt,
Among Arabian sands;
Gist: As the poet says, the hunting melody of the reaper’s song easily surpassed the music of Nightingale, which captivates the band of tired travelers taking a rest in some oasis in the Arabian desert.
ସାରାଂଶ : କବିଙ୍କ କହିବା ଅନୁସାରେ ନିର୍ଜନ ଶସ୍ୟକଟାଳିର ମଧୁର ମର୍ମସ୍ପର୍ଶୀ ଗୀତ ସହଜରେ ନାଇଟିଙ୍ଗଲ୍ ବା ବୁଲ୍ବୁଲ୍ ପକ୍ଷୀର ସଙ୍ଗୀତକୁ ଟପିଯାଇଥିଲା, ଯାହା ଆରବ ମରୁଭୂମିର ମରୂଦ୍ୟାନରେ ବିଶ୍ରାମରତ କ୍ଳାନ୍ତ ପଥକଗୋଷ୍ଠୀକୁ ବିମୋହିତ କରିଥାଏ ।
Stanza 4 (Lines 13 to 16)
A voice so thrilling ne ’er was heard
In springtime from the Cuckoo-bird
Breaking the silence of the seas
Among the farthest Hebrides.
Gist: The melodious voice of the solitary reaper was so appealing. Even the cuckoo’s song in spring lacks the intensity of thrill. The reaper’s breathtaking (very sweet) voice seemed to have broken the silence of the cluster (group) of islands off the north Atlantic coast of Scotland.
ସାରାଂଶ : ନିର୍ଜନ ଶସ୍ୟକଟାଳିର ମଧୁର ସ୍ଵର ଅତ୍ୟନ୍ତ ମୁଗ୍ଧକାରୀ ଥିଲା । ଏପରିକି ବସନ୍ତରେ କୋଇଲିର କୁହୁତାନରେ ଏଭଳି ରୋମାଞ୍ଚକର ତୀବ୍ରତା ନ ଥାଏ । ନିର୍ଜନ ଶସ୍ୟକଟାଳିର ମାଦକଭରା ସ୍ଵର ସ୍କଟ୍ଲାଣ୍ଡର ସୁଦୂର ଉତ୍ତର ଆଟଲାଣ୍ଟିକ୍ କୂଳରେ ଅବସ୍ଥିତ ଦ୍ଵୀପପୁଞ୍ଜର ନୀରବତାକୁ ଭଙ୍ଗ କରୁଥିବାର ପ୍ରତୀୟମାନ ହେଉଛି ।
Stanza 5 (Lines 17 to 20)
Will no one tell me what she sings?-
Perhaps the plaintive numbers flow
For old, unhappy, far-off things,
And battles long ago;
Gist: The poet fails to understand the theme of the song. Perhaps sad songs arising out of old, unhappy things of the past or very ancient battles could have formed the theme of the reaper’s song.
ସାରାଂଶ : ନିର୍ଜନ ଶସ୍ୟକଟାଳିର ବିଷାଦଭରା ଓ ହୃଦୟସ୍ପର୍ଶୀ ଗୀତର ସାରକଥା ବୁଝିବାରେ କବି ଅସଫଳ ହୋଇଛନ୍ତି । ବୋଧହୁଏ ଅତୀତର କୌଣସି ଦୁଃଖଦାୟକ ଘଟଣା ବା ସଙ୍ଘଟିତ ଯୁଦ୍ଧ ଝିଅଟିର ଗୀତର ସାରକଥା ହୋଇଥାଇପାରେ ବୋଲି ସେ ମନେ କରୁଛନ୍ତି ।
Stanza 6 (Lines 21 to 24)
Or is it some more humble lay,
Familiar matter of today?
Some natural sorrow, loss, or pain,
That has been, and maybe again?
Gist: The theme of the song could be the song of the everyday stories of life or the usual things of the day. Maybe matters of natural sorrow or loss or pain had produced the gist or theme of the song.
ସାରାଂଶ : ଗୀତର ସାରମର୍ମ ହୁଏତ ସବୁଦିନିଆ ଜୀବନ କାହାଣୀର ଗୀତ ବା ସାଧାରଣ ଘଟଣାବଳୀର ସନ୍ଦେଶ ହୋଇପାରେ । ଲାଗୁଥିଲା ସ୍ଵାଭାବିକ ଦୁଃଖ ବା କ୍ଷତି ବା ଯନ୍ତ୍ରଣା ଗୀତର ମାର୍ମିକ ଭାବ ହୋଇଥାଇପାରେ ।
Stanza 7 (Lines 25 to 28)
Whate ’er the theme, the Maiden sang
As if her song could have no ending;
I saw her singing at her work,
And o ’er the sickle bending; –
Gist: The theme of the song may be diverse (different). But the maiden’s (reaper’s) song seemed to have no end. The poet beheld (saw) the girl singing at her work bending low with a sickle (billhook) in her hand.
ସାରାଂଶ : ଗୀତର ସାରମର୍ମ ଭିନ୍ନ ଭିନ୍ନ ହୋଇପାରେ, କିନ୍ତୁ କୁମାରୀର (ଅବିବାହିତ ଶସ୍ୟକଟାଳିର) ଗୀତର ଅନ୍ତ ନ ଥିବାର ଜଣାପଡୁଥିଲା । ଝିଅଟି ହାତରେ ଦାଆ ଧରି ନଇଁପଡ଼ି ଶସ୍ୟ କାଟିବାରେ ବ୍ୟସ୍ତ ଥିବାର କବି ଦେଖିଲେ ।
Stanza 8 (Lines 29 to 32)
I listen ’d, motionless and still;
And, as I mounted up the hill,
The music in my heart I bore,
Long after it was heard no more.
Gist: The poet continued to listen to the song quietly and attentively as he climbed up the hill. Though several (many) days have passed, the musical song of the girl still continues to throb in his heart.
ସାରାଂଶ : ପାହାଡ଼ ଚଢ଼ୁଥିଲାବେଳେ କବି ଲଗାତର ଭାବେ ଶସ୍ୟକଟାଳିର ଗୀତକୁ ନୀରବ ଓ ଏକାଗ୍ର ଚିତ୍ତରେ ଶୁଣୁଥିଲେ । ଯଦିଓ ସେ ଏହି ଗୀତ ଶୁଣିବାର ଅନେକ ଦିନ ବିତିଯାଇଛି, ତଥାପି ଝିଅର ସଙ୍ଗୀତଭରା ଗୀତ ତାଙ୍କ ହୃଦୟକୁ ଏବେ ବି ପୁଲକିତ କରୁଛି ।
About The Poet:
William Wordsworth was born on 7th April 1770, in Cockermouth in the Lake District, England. He is regarded (ତାଙ୍କୁ ସମ୍ମାନିତ କରାଯାଏ) as a worshipper (ଉପାସକ) of nature. Love of nature is a major theme (ମୁଖ୍ୟ ଥିମ୍ |) of his poetry. He wrote about ordinary (ସାଧାରଣ) men and women in the language of the ordinary people. For him (ତାଙ୍କ ପାଇଁ), “Poetry is the spontaneous óverflow of powerful feelings (କବିତା ହେଉଛି ଶକ୍ତିଶାଳୀ ଭାବନାର ସ୍ବତଃସ୍ଫୂର୍ତ ଉପଦ୍ରବ) arising from emotions (ଆବେଗର ଉଦୟ) recollected in tranquility (ଶାନ୍ତିରେ ସ୍ମରଣ)”. He died at Rydal Mount and Gardens, United Kingdom on April 23, 1850.
Word Meaning / Glossary:
As written in the text (ପାଠ୍ୟ ବିଷୟରେ ପ୍ରଦତ୍ତ ଶବ୍ଦ ବା ବାକ୍ୟଶ ଅନୁସାରେ)
behold – look at or see (ଦେଖିବା)
yon – (old English) over there (ସେହିଠାରେ) or that (କିମ୍ବା ତାହା |)
solitary – single or alone or deserted ((ନିର୍ଜନ ବା ଏକାକିନୀ ))
Do you see the solitary house/farmer there?
Highland Lass – the girl living in the highlands (mountain regions) of Scotland (ସ୍କଟ୍ଲାଣ୍ଡ ଦେଶର ଉଚ୍ଚ ପର୍ବତାଞ୍ଚଳରେ ବାସ କରୁଥିବା ଝିଅ ବା କୁମାରୀ)
melancholy strain – sad or sorrowful song (ବିଷାଦଭରା ବା ଦୁଃଖପୂର୍ଣ୍ଣ ଗୀତ)
vale – valley (ଉପତ୍ୟକା) (poetic form of valley – valleyରକାବ୍ୟରୂପ )
The vale of the mountain is sprawling (ବିଚ୍ଛୁରିତ).
profound – widespread (ବ୍ୟାପକ)
We see a profound valley in the Himalayas.
did chaunt – sang or chanted (ଗୀଥିଲା ବା ଗାୟନ କରିଥିଲା)
weary – very tired or exhausted (ଅବସାଦଗ୍ରସ୍ତ)
The weary passer-by rested under a tree shade (ଛାଇ) for some time, band-group (ଗୋଷ୍ଠୀ)
The owner of the house has been killed by a band of robbers (ଡକାୟତଙ୍କ ବ୍ୟାଣ୍ଡ୍).
welcome notes – very sweet or melodious songs (ଅତି ମଧୁର ବା ମଧୁର ଗୀତ)
in some shady haunt – in some cool and sheltered oasis (କିଛି ଥଣ୍ଡା ଓ ଆଶ୍ରୟସ୍ଥଳୀରେ)
among Arabian sands – among the desert of Arabia (Middle East) (ଆରବ ମରୁଭୂମି ମଧ୍ୟରେ (ମଧ୍ୟ ପୂର୍ବ)
so thrilling- very exciting or amusing ( ଅତି ରୋମାଞ୍ଚିତ)
The cuckoo has a thrilling melody (ରୋମାଞ୍ଚକର).
ne’er – never (କେବେ ନୁହେଁ)
vate pround – a deep and wide valley (ଗଭୀର ଓ ବିସ୍ତୃତ ଉପତ୍ୟକା))
farthest Hebrides – the most remote group or cluster of islands that lies to the north-west of Scotland (ସ୍କଟଲାଣ୍ଡର ଉତ୍ତର-ପଶ୍ଚିମରେ ଅବସ୍ଥିତ ସବୁଠାରୁ ଦୁର୍ଗମ ଗୋଷ୍ଠୀ ବା ଦ୍ୱୀପପୁଞ୍ଜ)
plaintive numbers – sad songs (ଦୁଃଖର ଗୀତ)
humble lay – ordinary song (ସାଧାରଣ ଗୀତ)
sickle – a tool with a curved blade on a short handle for cutting grass, corn, etc. (ଘାସ ବା ଶସ୍ୟକଟା ଯନ୍ତ୍ର (ଦାଆ))
The old man is mowing (କାଟୁଛି) the grass with a sickle.
motionless – without movement (ବା ନିଶ୍ଚଳ ହୋଇ)
The boy stood motionless in fear.
battles long ago – the Scots were divided into clans or large clans (କ୍ଳାନ୍ସ) or large family groups or tribes.
In the past, these clans sometimes fought. Songs have been written about these battles. (ଅତୀତରେ ସ୍କଟ୍ସୀ (ସ୍କଟ୍ଲାଣ୍ଡର ଅସ୍ଵାସୀ) ଅନେକ ବିଶାଳ ଗୋଷ୍ଠୀରେ ବିଭକ୍ତ
Scotland – A country bordering England in the United Kindgom (ଯୁକ୍ତରାଜ୍ୟରେ ଇଂଲଣ୍ଡ ଦେଶ ସୀମାରେ ଅବସ୍ଥିତ ଅନ୍ୟ ଏକ ଦେଶ ) .
BSE Odisha 10th Class English Detailed Text
- Chapter 1 All Things Bright and Beautiful
- Chapter 2 A letter to God
- Chapter 3 The Solitary Reaper
- Chapter 4 At the High School
- Chapter 5 Village Song
- Chapter 6 Festivals of North-East India
- Chapter 7 The Flower-School
- Chapter 8 Air Pollution: A Hidden Menace
- Chapter 9 From the Formalin Jar
- Chapter 10 School’s Goodbye