Odisha State Board BSE Odisha 10th Class English Solutions Chapter 9 From the Formalin Jar Textbook Exercise Questions and Answers.
BSE Odisha Class 10 English Solutions Chapter 9 From the Formalin Jar
BSE Odisha 10th Class English From the Formalin Jar Text Book Questions and Answers
F. Let’s Understand The Poem:
What is this poem about?
(କବିତାଟି କେଉଁ ବିଷୟରେ ଲିଖ୍ ?)
This poem is about the display (ପ୍ରଦର୍ଶନ) of Vicky’s brain, whose life was cut short for careless driving.
Where is Vicky’s brilliant brain?
(ଭିକିର ଚମତ୍କାର ମସ୍ତିଷ୍କ କେଉଁଠାରେ ଅଛି ?)
Vicky’s brilliant brain is in a formalin jar.
Why is the brain put inside the formalin jar ?
(ମସ୍ତିଷ୍କକୁ କାହିଁକି ଫର୍ମାଲିନ୍ କାଚପାତ୍ର ବା ନଳୀ ଭିତରେ ରଖାଯାଇଛି ?)
The brain is put inside the formalin jar as a display (ଏକ ପ୍ରଦର୍ଶନ ରୂପେ) for students to gain knowledge.
Who does ‘I’ refer to in the poem?
(କବିତାରେ ‘I’ କାହାକୁ ସୂଚିତ କରୁଛି ?)
In the poem ‘I’ refers to Vicky’s brain.
How does the brain feel inside the jar ?
(କାଚନଳୀ ବା ପାତ୍ର ଭିତରେ ଥିବା ଭିକିର ମସ୍ତିଷ୍କ କ’ଣ ଅନୁଭବ କରୁଛି ?)
The brain feels itself as an object of disdain or hatred (ଏକ ଘୃଣିତ ବସ୍ତୁ ରୂପେ) inside the jar.
Who is the brain talking about?
(ମସ୍ତିଷ୍କ କାହା ବିଷୟରେ କହୁଛି ?)
The brain is talking about a smart and healthy youth ‘Vicky’.
What does the brain say about Vicky ?
(ଭିକି ବିଷୟରେ ମସ୍ତିଷ୍କ କ’ଣ କହୁଛି ?)
The brain in the formalin jar says that Vicky was a strong, stout, careful, and brilliant boy.
Do you think that Vicky and the brilliant brain are two persons ? Why ?
କ’ଣ ଭାବୁଛ ଭିକି ଓ ବୁଦ୍ଧିମାନ ମସ୍ତିଷ୍କ ଦୁଇ ବ୍ୟକ୍ତି ଅଟନ୍ତି ? କାହିଁକି ?)
No, I don’t think so. Because it is Vicky’s brain that is put separately (ଅଲଗା) in the formalin jar after Vicky’s terrible death in an accident.
Which were Vicky’s favorite subjects?
( ଭିକିର ପ୍ରିୟ ପାଠ୍ୟବିଷୟଗୁଡ଼ିକ କ’ଣ ଥିଲା ?)
Vicky’s favourite subjects were computers and mathematics.
What was the motto of his life?
(ତା’ର ଜୀବନର ନୀତିବାକ୍ୟ କ’ଣ ଥିଲା ?)
The motto (ନୀତି ବାକ୍ୟ) of Vicky’s life was “No pain, No gain.” (କଷ୍ଟ, ଲାଭ ନାହିଁ )
Was Vicky good at her studies? How do you know this?
(ଭିକି ପାଠପଢ଼ାରେ ଭଲ ଥିଲା କି ? ତୁମେ ଏହା କିପରି ଜାଣୁଛ ?)
Yes, Vicky was good at studies. Because he had a brilliant brain. Besides he excelled (ଚମତ୍କାର ପ୍ରଦର୍ଶନ କରୁଥିଲା) in mathematics and computers.
Vicky loved his parents. Which line says so?
(ଭିକି ନିଜର ପିତାମାତାଙ୍କୁ ଭଲ ପାଉଥିଲା । କେଉଁ ଧାଡ଼ି ଏକଥା ଦର୍ଶାଉଛି ?)
Vicky loved his parents. The line that says so is “Vicky’s love for his parents was truly insane.”
Which word says that Vicky loved his grandmother very much?
(ଭିକି ତା’ର ଜେଜେମା’କୁ ଖୁବ୍ ଭଲ ପାଉଥିଲା ବୋଲି କେଉଁ ଶବ୍ଦଟି ସୂଚିତ କରୁଛି ?)
The word adored’ (ଆଦର କରୁଥିଲା) says that Vicky loved his grandmother very much.
What else, besides studies, did Vicky do during his college days?
(ପାଠପଢ଼ା ଛଡ଼ା ଭିକି ନିଜର କଲେଜ ଦିନମାନଙ୍କରେ କ’ଣ କରୁଥିଲା ?)
Besides studies, Vicky in his college days was in love.
Who was Lorraine? Why did he steal a glance at her?
(ଲୋରେନ୍ କିଏ ଥୁଲା ? ସେ (ଭିକି) କାହିଁକି ତାକୁ ଲୁଚିଛପି ଚାହୁଁଥିଲା ?)
Lorraine was Vicky’s girl classmate. He stole a glance at her as he loved her deeply.
Why does the poet say that only the brain could explain the cause of Vicky’s heart-beat; thud-thud?
(କବି କାହିଁକି କହିଛନ୍ତି କେବଳ ମସ୍ତିଷ୍କ ହିଁ ଭିକିର ହୃଦୟ ସ୍ପନ୍ଦନର ଭୟମିଶ୍ରିତ ଶବ୍ଦ କହିପାରିବ ?)
The poet says that only the brain could explain the cause of Vicky’s heartbeat: thud-thud because it (the brain) is directly related to the heart.
Read stanza 5 and stanza 6 again. What are they about? How are they different from others?
(ପଡ୍ ୫ ଓ ପଡ୍ ୬କୁ ପୁନଶ୍ଚ ପଢ଼ । ସେଗୁଡ଼ିକ କାହା ସମ୍ପର୍କରେ ?ଏହି ଦୁଇଟି ପଡ୍ତ୍ତି କିଭଳି ଅନ୍ୟମାନଙ୍କଠାରୁ ଭିନ୍ନ ?)
Stanza 5 and stanza 6 are about Vicky’s death in an accident. They are different from others as (ଯେହେତୁ) they describe how a simple mistake took Vicky’s life causing the family’s tragedy.
Where was Vicky riding? When and why?
(ଭିକି ଗାଡ଼ି ଚଳାଇ କେଉଁଠାକୁ ଯାଉଥିଲା ? କେତେବେଳେ ଓ କାହିଁକି ?)
Vicky was riding to his friend’s house in the next lane on a wet rainy day to attend to an ordinary task.
Where was his friend’s house? Was it very far?
(ତାହାର ସାଙ୍ଗର ଘର କେଉଁଠାରେ ଥିଲା ? ଏହା କ’ଣ ବହୁତ ଦୂରରେ ଥିଲା ?)
His friend’s house was in the next lane. No, it was not too far.
Why did he go to his friend?
(ସେ କାହିଁକି ତା’ର ସାଙ୍ଗ ପାଖକୁ ଯାଇଥିଲା ?)
He (Vicky) went to his friend for some ordinary work.
What caused the accident? Which words in the poem describe the accident?
(କେଉଁଥିପାଇଁ | କାହିଁକି ଦୁର୍ଘଟଣା ଘଟିଲା ? କବିତାରେ କେଉଁ ଶବ୍ଦସବୁ ଦୁର୍ଘଟଣା ବିଷୟରେ ବର୍ଣ୍ଣନା କରୁଛି ?)
Going to his friend’s house without wearing his helmet caused Vicky’s accident and tragic death. The words which describe the accident are “He met with an accident gory and inhumane.”
What meaning does the line – ‘For once, from wearing his helmet he did refrain convey? Was it Vicky’s habit to wear his helmet while riding his bike?
(ଧାଡ଼ି “For once, from wearing his helmet he did refrain’ କେଉଁ ଅର୍ଥ ପ୍ରଦାନ କରୁଛି ? ନିଜର ବାଇକ୍ ଚଳାଇଲାବେଳେ ହେଲମେଟ୍ ପିନ୍ଧିବା ଭିକିର ଏକ ଅଭ୍ୟାସ ଥିଲା କି ?)
The line “For once, from wearing his helmet he did refrain” conveys (implies) Vicky’s not wearing his helmet for the first time in his life. Yes, it was Vicky’s habit to wear his helmet while riding his bike.
How did the accident affect Vicky and his family?
(ଦୁର୍ଘଟଣା କିପରି ଭିକି ଓ ତା’ର ପରିବାରକୁ ପ୍ରଭାବିତ କରିଥିଲା ?)
Vicky lost his life in the accident and his gruesome (ଶୋଚନୀୟ ) death in the accident plunged (ବୁଡ଼ାଇ ଦେଇଥିଲା) his family into huge shock (ପ୍ରଚଣ୍ଡ ଦୁଃଖରେ ).
What message does the poet have for the young generation through this poem?
(ଏହି କବିତା ମାଧ୍ୟମରେ କବି ଯୁବ ପିଢ଼ିପାଇଁ କେଉଁ ସନ୍ଦେଶ ବା ବାର୍ତ୍ତା ଦେଇଛନ୍ତି ?)
In this poem, the poet’s message is clear and serious. She warns (ସତର୍କ କରାଇ ଦେଇଛନ୍ତି ) the younger generation against risky (dangerous) driving.
Can you say why such dreadful accidents occur on road and cause death every moment?
(ତୁମେ କ’ଣ କହିପାରିବ କାହିଁକି ପ୍ରତ୍ୟେକ ମୁହୂର୍ତ୍ତରେ ରାସ୍ତାରେ ଏଭଳି ଭୟଙ୍କର ଦୁର୍ଘଟଣା ଘଟୁଛି ଓ ଜୀବନହାନି ଘଟାଉଛି ? )
Such (ଏଭଳି) dreadful (ଭୟଙ୍କର) accidents occur (ଘଟୁଛି) on road and cause (ଘଟାଉଛି ) death every moment due to careless and fast driving and also driving without helmets.
Suggest some ways to reduce Road Traffic Injuries (RTI)?
(ରାସ୍ତା ଗହଳିଜନିତ ମୃତାହତ ସଂଖ୍ୟା କମାଇବାର କେତୋଟି ଉପାୟର ପ୍ରସ୍ତାବ ଦିଅ ।)
Rules like (ଭଳି) wearing helmets, safe driving, avoiding (ଦୂରେଇ ରହିବା ) talking on mobiles, refraining (ଦୂରେଇ ରହିବା) from listening to music on mobiles, riding on the right route, etc. can help reduce Road Traffic Injuries.
G. Let’s Appreciate The Poem:
Who donated Vicky’s brain to the Medical College? How is it preserved and used?
(କିଏ ଭିକିର ମସ୍ତିଷ୍କକୁ ମେଡ଼ିକାଲ କଲେଜକୁ ଦାନ ଦେଇଥିଲେ ? ଏହାକୁ କିଭଳି ସଂରକ୍ଷିତ କରି ରଖାଯାଇଛି ଓ ବ୍ୟବହାର କରାଯାଉଛି ?)
Vicky’s parents donated Vicky’s brain to the Medical College. It is preserved in a formalin jar on display to promote knowledge gain to the medical students.
What does the line ‘On display to promote knowledge gain’ express?
(ଧାଡ଼ି ‘On display to promote knowledge କ’ଣ ସୂଚିତ କରୁଛି ?)
The line “On display to promote knowledge gain” suggests that from the display (ପ୍ରଦର୍ଶନରୁ)of Vicky’s (human) brain the students gain more knowledge about its construction and functions.
What is called a specimen? Why is the brain preserved as a specimen?
(Specimen କ’ଣ ? ମସ୍ତିଷ୍କକୁ ଏକ ନମୁନା ରୂପେ କାହିଁକି ରଖାଯାଇଛି ?)
A specimen is a model. The brain is preserved as a specimen to provide more knowledge to the students about this useful organ of the human body.
How was the brilliant brain a part of a living human two years ago?
(କିଭଳିୁ ଇ ବର୍ଷ ପୂର୍ବେ ବୁଦ୍ଧିମାନ ମସ୍ତିଷ୍କ ଏକ ଜୀବନ୍ତ ମାନବର ଗୋଟିଏ ଅଂଶ | ଅଙ୍ଗ ଥିଲା ?)
Two years ago the brilliant brain, now kept in the formalin jar, was possessed by a handsome (ସୁନ୍ଦର) and strong youth named Vicky.
What does the phrase – ‘Yet ended up in this jar’ mean to you?
(ବାକ୍ୟାଶ ‘Yet ended up in this jar ‘ର ଅର୍ଥ ତୁମେ କ’ଣ ବୁଝୁଛ ?)
The phrase “Yet ended up in this jar” means at last Vicky’s brain rested in the formalin jar though it has no stroke, tumor, or bugs within it.
Which expression suggests that Vicky was hard-working?
(କେଉଁ ଉକ୍ତି ସୂଚିତ କରୁଛି ଯେ ଭିକି ପରିଶ୍ରମୀ ଥିଲା ?)
The expression which suggests (ସୂଚିତ କରୁଛି) that Vicky was hard working is “Full of life and vigor, sun, wind or rain”.
Why does the poet say? “Only I could explain”?
(କବି କାହିଁକି କହିଛନ୍ତି ‘କେବଳ ମୁଁ ହିଁ ବୁଝାଇପାରିବି? ?)
The poet says. “Only I could explain” because it is Vicky’s brain that can say why his heart got ‘thuds’
Should we consider such demise ‘h chance or by choice’?
(ଭିକିର ଏଭଳି ମୃତ୍ୟୁକୁ ଆମ୍ଭେମାନେ ପରିସ୍ଥିତି ନା ଇଚ୍ଛାସୃଷ୍ଟ ବୋଲି କହିବା ?)
We should consider such demise (death of Vicky ‘by chance’.
The poet uses flashback, which Is often used to recount events that had happened before the story started. Which stanzas talk about the past events and which ones the present incident ? (ଗଳ୍ପ ଆରମ୍ଭ ପୂର୍ବରୁ କବି ଅତୀତ ଘଟଣା ଯାହାକି ପୂର୍ବରୁ ଘଟିଛି ତା’ର ସ୍ମୃତିଚାରଣ କରିଛନ୍ତି । କବିତାରେ କେଉଁ ପଙ୍କ୍ତିଗୁଡ଼ିକ ଅତୀତ ଘଟଣା ଓ କେଉଁ ପଗୁଡ଼ିକ ବର୍ତ୍ତମାନର ଘଟଣାକୁ ବ୍ୟକ୍ତ କରୁଛି ?)
The poet uses flashback, which is often used to recount events that had happened before the story started. The stanzas stating past events are:
“On a wet monsoon day. for a task mundane
Vicky rode his bike to his friend in the next lane;
For once, from wearing his helmet he did refrain
God! He met with an accident gory and inhumane.” (Stanza — 5)
“All it look was a stray moment inane
A young life lost, a family crushed with pain;
Dear friends, take care; risky driving can be the bane
DRIVE SAFE — let your precious life not be in vain! (Stanza — 6)
Similarly stanza — 3 and stanza — 4 also talk about past events.
The stanza stating present events is:
“Hi ! ¡ am Vicky’s brilliant brain
Sitting in a tourmaline jar with disdain:
On display to promote knowledge gain
Watching people stare at new again and again. (Stanza – I)
Similarly stanza — 2 also talks about the present incident.
Find the rhyming words in the poem.
(କବିତାରେ ଯତିପାତ ଶବ୍ଦସବୁ (ସମାନ ଉଚ୍ଚାରିତ) ଖୋଜି ବାହାର କର ।)
The rhyming words in the poem are (1st stanza) brain — disdain, gain — again. (2nd stanza) specimen — human, within — chagrin. (3rd stanza) sane — rain, domain — gain. 4th stanza insane cane. Lorraine — explain, (5th stanza) mundane — lane. refrain — inhumane. (6th stanza) inane pain, banc — vain.
Why does the poet use capital letters for the first two words in the last line of the poem?
(କବିତାର ଶେଷ ଧାଡ଼ିରେ ପ୍ରଥମ ଦୁଇଟି ଶବ୍ଦ ପାଇଁ କବି କାହିଁକି ବଡ଼ ଅକ୍ଷର ବ୍ୟବହାର କରିଛନ୍ତି ?)
The poet uses capital letters for the first two words in the last line of the poem (DRIVE SAFE) to stress upon (ଜୋର ଦେବା ପାଇଁ) ‘safe driving.
You read and understood the poem. Do you like the title of the poem? Why/ Why not? Can you suggest another title for the poem?
(ତୁମେ କବିତାଟି ପଢ଼ିସାରିଛ ଓ ବୁଝିସାରିଛ । କବିତାର ଶୀର୍ଷକ (ନାମ) ତୁମକୁ ଭଲ ଲାଗୁଛି କି ? କାହିଁକି/କାହିଁକି ନୁହେଁ ? ତୁମେ କବିତା ପାଇଁ ଅନ୍ୟ ଏକ ଶୀର୍ଷକ ଦେଇପାରିବ କି ?)
I like the title (name) of the poem. Because the formalin jar inside which Vicky’s brain is preserved gives a strong message (ବାର୍ତ୍ତା) how the jar will keep waiting (ଅପେକ୍ଷା କରି ରହିବ) for a careless boy like Vicky who suffered a premature death (ଏକ ଅକାଳ ମୃତ୍ୟୁର ଶିକାର ହୋଇଥିଲେ)without wearing a helmet.
H. Let’s Listen And Speak:
(a) Listen to the following sentences about the poem (Your teacher reads the sentences aloud.) and say whether they are right or wrong. Then correct the sentences in case you find them wrong. (କବିତା ସମ୍ପର୍କରେ ନିମ୍ନଲିଖ୍ ବାକ୍ୟଗୁଡ଼ିକୁ ଶୁଣ (ତୁମ ଶିକ୍ଷକ ବାକ୍ୟଗୁଡ଼ିକୁ ଉଚ୍ଚ ସ୍ୱରରେ ପଢ଼ିବେ) ଏବଂ କୁହ ସେଗୁଡ଼ିକ ଠିକ୍ ନା ଭୁଲ୍ । ତା’ପରେ ଯେଉଁଗୁଡ଼ିକୁ ତୁମେ ଭୁଲ୍ ଦେଖୁଛ ଠିକ୍ କର ।)
(i) Vicky’s brain was sitting in the formalin jar with pleasure and respect.
(ii) The brain didn’t like the people staring at him.
(iii) The brain felt insulted to be a specimen for others.
(iv) Vicky was a strong and stout young man.
(v) He was good at math and computer.
(vi) He believed in taking the pain to succeed in life.
(vii) He liked neither his grandmother nor her wrinkles and stick.
(viii) All his friends in the college disliked him.
(ix) He rode to his friend on a monsoon day for important work.
(x) His friend’s house was very far from his place.
(xi) He usually liked to wear helmets.
(xii) He was killed in a serious accident.
(xiii) He was clever, handsome, and careful.
Right: Vicky’s brain was sitting in the formalin jar with disdain.
Right: He liked both his grandmother and her wrinkles and the stick.
Right: All his friends in the college liked him.
Right: He rode to his friend on a monsoon day for ordinary work.
Right: His friend’s house, was very near to his place.
(b) Pronounce the following words correctly.(ନିମ୍ନଲିଖ୍ ଶବ୍ଦଗୁଡ଼ିକୁ ଠିକ୍ ଭାବରେ ଉଚ୍ଚାରଣ କର ।)
disdain, gain, again, human, sane, rain, insane, cane, explain, mundane, refrain, inhumane, pain, bane, in vain
disdain — ଅବମାନନା |
gain — ଗେନ୍
again — ଏଗେନ୍
human — ହ୍ୟୁମାନ୍
sane — ସାନ
rain — କେନ୍
insane — ପାଗଳ |
cane — କେନ୍
explain — ଏକ୍ସପେନ୍
mundane — ସାଂପ୍ରତିକ
refrain — ରିଫ୍ରେନ୍
inhumane — ଇହ୍ୟୁମେନ୍
pain — ସେନ୍
bane — ବେନ୍
in vain — ଇନ୍ ଭେନ୍
(c) Imagine that Vicky’s friend, Akash visited the Niedleal College, where Vicky’s brain was preserved in a formalin Jar. Given below Is a dialogue between Vicky’s brain and his friend, Akash. Practise the dialogue. (ମନେକର ଭିକିର ସାଙ୍ଗ ଆକାଶ ମେଡ଼ିକାଲ କଲେଜ ପରିଦର୍ଶନରେ ଯାଇଥିଲେ, ଯେଉଁଠାରେ ଭିକିର ମସ୍ତିଷ୍କ ଗୋଟିଏ ଫର୍ମାଲିନ୍ ଜାର୍ରେ ସଂରକ୍ଷଣ କରି ରଖାଯାଇଥିଲା । ନିମ୍ନରେ ଭିକିର ମସ୍ତିଷ୍କ ଓ ଆକାଶ ମଧ୍ଯରେ ହୋଇଥିବା କଥାବାର୍ତ୍ତା ଦିଆଯାଇଛି । ସଂଳାପଗୁଡ଼ିକୁ ଅଭ୍ୟାସ କର ।)
Brain : Hi Friend ! How’re you?
Akash : Good. Who’s speaking?
Brain : I’m Vicky’s brain.
Akash : Where you’re?
Brain : ln the formalin jar
Akash : Who put you here?
Brain : The doctor.
Akash : What for?
Brain : For display! Student’. will gain knowledge.
Akash : How did the doctor find you?
Brain : Listen, Vicky was a young college boy. He was strong, stout, careful, and brilliant. One monsoon day he was riding without wearing the helmet to his friend who lived the next lane. On the way, he was killed in an accident. The doctor parted me from his body and put it here for his students to gain knowledge.
Akash : How sad!
Brain : Dear Friend, Vicky was a brilliant boy, but on that fateful day he took it casually to wear his helmet as he was to ride to his friend who was staying the next lane. For his carelessness, a precious life was lost. So please be careful and always DRIVE SAFE on road. Don’t lose your life and put your family in sorrow and suffering.
Akash : Thank you Friend for your advice. I’m very sorry for Vicky, my fast friend, bye, see you!
I. Lets Read And Write:
(a) Given below is a table showing a chart of penalties for the road offences. Read the table and write a sentence for each. (ରାସ୍ତା ନିୟମରେ ଅବମାନନା ନିମନ୍ତେ ଦଣ୍ଡ ବା ଜରିମାନା ପରିମାଣ ଦର୍ଶାଉଥିବା ଏକ ସାରଣୀ ନିମ୍ନରେ ପ୍ରଦତ୍ତ ହୋଇଛି । ସାରଣୀଟିକୁ ପଢ଼ ଏବଂ ପ୍ରତ୍ୟେକ ପାଇଁ ବାକ୍ୟଟିଏ ଲେଖ ।)
|Offence||Penalty (Rs.) (Minimum Amount)|
|2||Rules of road regulation violation||500|
|3||Traveling without ticket||500|
|4||Unauthorized use without license||5,000|
|5||Driving without licence||5,000|
|6||Disobedience of orders of authorities||2,000|
|7||Drink and Drive||10,000|
|8||Speeding or Racing||5,000|
|9||Vehicle without permit||10,000|
|10||Driving without qualification||10,000|
|11||Without Seat belt||1,000|
|14||Not providing way for emergency vehicle||10,000|
|16||Driving without insurance||2,000|
|17||Dangerous driving penalty||5,000|
|18||Offences by juveniles||25,000|
|19||Overloading of passengers||1,000 / 1 passenger|
|20||Overloading of two-wheelers||2,000|
1. As per (ଅନୁସାରେ ) the Motor Vehicle Act, for general violation, you will have to pay (ଦେବାକୁ ପଡ଼ିବ) a fine of Rs. 500/-.
2. As per the Motor Vehicle Act, for the rules of road regulation violation, you will have to pay a fine of Rs. 500/-.
3. As per Motor Vehicle Act, if you travel without a ticket, you will have to pay a fine of Rs.500/-.
4. As per Motor Vehicle Act, for unauthorized use (ଅନଷ୍କୃତ ବ୍ୟବହାର) without a license, you will have to pay a fine of Rs. 5,000/-.
5. As per Motor Vehicle Act, if you are driving without license, you have to pay a fine of Rs. 5,000/-.
6. As per the Motor Vehicle Act, for disobedience (ଉଲ୍ଲଙ୍ଘନ) of orders of authorities, you will have to pay a fine of Rs. 2,000/-.
7. As per Motor Vehicle Act, if you drink and drive on the road, you will have to pay a fine of Rs. 10,000/-.
8. As per Motor Vehicle Act, for speeding or racing, you will have to pay a fine of Rs. 5,000/-.
9. As per Motor Vehicle Act, for driving a vehicle without a permit, you will have to pay a fine of Rs. 10,000/-.
10. As per Motor Vehicle Act, if you drive without qualification, you will have to pay a fine of Rs. 10,000/-.
11. As per Motor Vehicle Act, if you drive without a seat belt, you will have to pay a fine of Rs. 1,000/-.
12. As per Motor Vehicle Act, if you ride without a helmet, you will have to pay a fine of Rs. 1,000/-. –
13. As per Motor Vehicle Act, if you ride an oversized vehicle, you will have to pay a fine of Rs. 5,000/-.
14. As per the Motor Vehicle Act, if you don’t provide a way (ରାସ୍ତା/ବାଟ ନ ଦିଅ) for an emergency vehicle, you will have to pay a fine of Rs. 10,000/-.
15. As per Motor Vehicle Act, for overspeeding, you will have to pay a fine of Rs. 1,000/- or Rs. 2,000/-.
16. As per Motor Vehicle Act, if you drive/ride without insurance, you will have to pay a fine of Rs. 2,000/-.
17. As per Motor Vehicle Act, if you drive dangerously, you will have to pay a fine of Rs. 5,000/-.
18. As per Motor Vehicle Act, if you are a juvenile (ନାବାଳକ) and found riding, you will have to pay a fine of Rs. 25,000/-.
19. As per Motor Vehicle Act, if you are found to have the offence (ଅପରାଧ) of overloading (ଆବଶ୍ୟକତାରୁ ଅଧିକ ଯାତ୍ରୀ ପରିବହନ), you will have to pay a fine of Rs. 1,000/- for each passenger.
20. As per Motor Vehicle Act, for overloading on two-wheelers, you will have to pay a fine of Rs. 2,000/-.
(b) Read the traffic symbols and write one sentence for each. The first one is done for you.
(ଟ୍ରାଫିକ୍ ସଙ୍କେତ ପଢ଼ ଓ ପ୍ରତ୍ୟେକ ପାଇଁ ଗୋଟିଏ ଲେଖାଏଁ ବାକ୍ୟ ଲେଖ । ପ୍ରଥମଟି ତୁମ ପାଇଁ କରି ଦିଆଯାଇଛି ।)
1. The first symbol indicates that there is a right-hand curve ahead.
2. The second symbol indicates that there is a left-hand curve ahead.
3. The third symbol indicates that there is a right hairpin bend ahead.
4. The fourth symbol indicates that there is a left hairpin bend ahead.
5. The fifth symbol indicates that there is a right reverse bend ahead.
6. The sixth symbol indicates that there is a left reverse bend ahead.
7. The seventh symbol indicates that there is a steep ascent ahead,
8. The eighth symbol indicates that there is a steep descent ahead.
9. The ninth symbol indicates that there is a narrow road ahead.
lO. The tenth symbol indicates that there is a road wideness ahead.
Il. The eleventh symbol indicates that there is a narrow pass ahead.
12. The twelfth symbol indicates that the road is slippery ahead.
13. The thirteenth symbol indicates that there is a loose grovel ahead.
14. The fourteenth symbol indicates that there is a cycle crossing ahead.
15. The fifteenth symbol indicates that there is a ¿ebra crossing for pedestrians ahead.
16. The sixteenth symbol indicates stopping the running vehicle.
17. The seventeenth symbol indicates giving way to other vehicles.
18. The eighteenth symbol indicates that the vehicles can go in one way only.
19. The nineteenth symbol indicates no entry of vehicles there.
20. The twentieth symbol indicates that the vehicles can go in one way only.
21. The twenty-first symbol indicates that vehicles can go in both directions but one way only.
22. The twenty-second symbol indicates that a right turn is prohibited here.
23. The twenty-third symbol indicates that a left turn is prohibited here.
24. The twenty-fourth symbol indicates a one-way pass to vehicles.
25. The twenty-fifth symbol indicates that a U-turn is prohibited here.
26. The twenty-sixth symbol indicates that overtaking is prohibited here.
27. The twenty-seventh symbol indicates that blowing horns are prohibited here.
28. The twenty-eighth symbol indicates that the speed limit is 65 km./h here.
29. The twenty-ninth symbol indicates that the vehicles must turn to the left here.
30. The thirtieth symbol indicates that the vehicles must go ahead here.
31. The thirty-first symbol indicates that the vehicles must turn right ahead.
32. The thirty-second symbol indicates that the vehicles must go ahead or turn right here.
33. The thirty-third symbol indicates that the vehicles must go ahead or turn to the left here.
34. The thirty-fourth symbol indicates that the vehicles must keep to the left here.
35. The thirty-fifth symbol indicates that the vehicles must blow their horns here.
(c) Imagine that you are a reporter of ‘The Times of India’ In Bhubaneswar. Write a report based on the incident/contents of the poem From the Formalin Jar’ for the newspaper. Suggest some ways to check road accidents, and advise young children to be careful about the trame rules. (ମନେକର ତୁମେ ‘The Times of India’ ଭୁବନେଶ୍ଵରର ଜଣେ ସାମ୍ବାଦିକ । ‘From the Formalin Jar’ କବିତାର ବିଷୟବସ୍ତୁ| ଘଟଣାବଳୀକୁ ଆଧାର କରି ଏକ ବିବରଣୀ ଲେଖ । ସଡ଼କ ଦୁର୍ଘଟଣା ନିୟନ୍ତ୍ରଣ ପାଇଁ କେତେକ ପ୍ରସ୍ତାବ ଦିଅ ଏବଂ ଯୁବକ ଯୁବତୀମାନଙ୍କୁ ରାସ୍ତାର ନିୟମ ପ୍ରତି ଯତ୍ନଶୀଳ ହେବାକୁ ଉପଦେଶ ଦିଅ ।)
The Times of India
A TRAGIC ROAD ACCIDENT
Saheed Nagar. Bhubaneswar, 3rd June: It was a wet monsoon day yet there was heavy traffic on the roads. Vicky, a young smart boy, rode his bike to his friend’s house in the next lane. Vicky was very sincere, but that day he did not wear his helmet for the first time. To his bad luck, a truck coming from Acharya Vihar at a high speed hit his bike and he got a severe head injury and died on the spot. The police rushed to the spot and send the body to the hospital. This tragic road accident happened due to the high speed of the truck and the carelessness of the boy. If he wore a helmet, he would not have lost his life. So young children should be careful about the traffic rules while riding on the road. They should obey traffic rules like wearing helmets, and driving a considerable speed. avoid talking on mobiles ut listening to music etc.
(d) Work in groups of four and prepare placards/posters on ROAD SAFETY. Display them near the school notice board. (Your teacher will guide you.)
(ଚାରିଜଣିଆ ଦଳ ହୋଇ ‘ସଡ଼କ ନିରାପତ୍ତା’ ବିଷୟରେ ପ୍ଲାକାର୍ଡ|ପୋଷ୍ଟର ତିଆରି କର । ବିଦ୍ୟାଳୟର ନୋଟିସ୍ ବୋର୍ଡ ପାଖରେ ସେଗୁଡ଼ିକୁ ପ୍ରଦର୍ଶନ କର । (ତୁମ ଶିକ୍ଷକ ତୁମକୁ ମାର୍ଗ ଦର୍ଶନ କରାଇବେ ।))
BSE Odisha 10th Class English From the Formalin Jar Important Questions and Answers
Very Short A Objective Questions With Answers
Answer The Following Questions In A Word Or A Phrase.
Whose brilliant brain is in the jar?
Who is Vicky?
a strong and stout (ହୃଷ୍ଟପୁଷ୍ଟ ) youth
How is Vicky’s brain sitting?
Why is Vicky’s brain kept in the jar?
to promote knowledge gain
What knowledge should pupils grow?
about the functions of the brain
How do people treat the brain on the formalin jar?
staring at it
What is Vicky’s brain like?
What is the brain kept for?
as a specimen
What does the brain feel to be addressed (ସମ୍ବୋଲ୍ଡ କରାଯିବାରୁ) a specimen (ନମୁନା) ?
How many years passed since Vicky died?
What sort of boy was Vicky?
smart, vigorous, and healthy
What was Vicky’s domain?
computers and maths
Whom did Vicky adore?
“Only I could explain.’ Here for who does 1’ stand for?
What did Vicky refrain from one day?
wearing his helmet
Fill In The Blanks With Right Words.
1. Vicky’s brain was in _____________.
a formalin jar
2. _____________was insulting.
Vicky’s brain being kept as a specimen
3. The expression ‘sun, wind or rain’ means _____________.
4. Vicky’s motto was _____________.
‘No pain. No gain’
5. Vicky’s love for _____________ was true and great.
6. In college Vicky glanced (looked) secretly at _____________.
7. Vicky’s heart thudded at _____________.
the sight of Lorraine
8. Vicky went to his friend’s house on _____________.
a wet rainy day
9. The word ‘mundane’ means _____________.
10. Vicky went to his friend on _____________.
11. Vicky’s accident was _____________.
gory and inhumane
12. At Vicky’s death his family _____________ with pain.
13. _____________ should be given importance to save life.
14. _____________ can be banc (cause tragedy).
15. In the phrase ‘a stray moment’ the word ‘stray’ means _____________.
painful or inattentive
Multiple Choice Questions (Mcqs) With Answers.
Pick out the correct alternative.
Vicky’s brilliant brain is sifting in a formalin jar with _____________.
Vicky’s brilliant brain in the jar feels/felt _____________.
Vicky was full of life and vigor. This means Vicky was lively, strong, and _____________.
Vicky loved his _____________ and grandmother.
Vicky’s grandmother has/had _____________ on her body.
(A) red spots
_____________ was Vicky’s girlfriend.
One day Vicky set out for his friend’s house without wearing his _____________.
(D) forest dress
Vicky met with an accident gory and _____________.
Vicky’s heart went _____________ when he stole a glance at Lorraine.
According to the poet, risky driving can be _____________.
Precious (Valuable) life can’t go wasted if we take up _____________.
(A) risky drive
(B) safe drive
(C) slow drive
(D) speed drive
(B) safe drive
“Only I could explain.” Here ‘I’ stands for _____________.
(B) Vicky’s friend
(C) Vicky’s brain
(D) Vicky’s father
(C) Vicky’s brain
From the Formalin Jar Summary in English
The poem ‘From the Formalin Jar’ was written in September 2013 to create awareness (ସଚେତନତା ସୃଷ୍ଟି କରିବା ପାଇଁ) about ‘Safe Driving’ (ନିରାପଦ ଗାଡ଼ିଚାଳନା) and other road safety rules in the community and published (ପ୍ରକାଶିତ ହୋଇଥିଲା।)online at youthspring net, a forum for nurturing youth well-being ( ଯୁବକଗୋଷ୍ଠୀର ମଙ୍ଗଳ ନିମନ୍ତେ ପ୍ରତିପୋଷଣ ପାଇଁ). This heart-breaking (ହୃଦୟ ବିଦାରକ) poem conveys (ପ୍ରତିଫଳିତ କରୁଛି) how a moment of simple carelessness (ସାମାନ୍ୟ ଯତ୍ନହୀନତାର ଏକ କ୍ଷଣ) cost (ମୂଲ୍ୟ ଦେବାକୁ ହେଲା) a young, lively and caring boy his precious life. In this poem “Vicky” is a fictional (କାଳ୍ପନିକ) character (ଚରିତ୍ର) created by the poet to warn people against breaking rules of road.
Stanza 1 (Lines 1 to 4)
Hi! I am Vicky’s brilliant brain
Sitting in a formalin jar with disdain;
On display to promote knowledge gain
Watching people stare at me again and again.
Gist: Hi! I am Vicky’s brilliant or sharpest brain. I am sitting in this formalin jar with strong contempt (hatred) preserved. I have been kept here by the doctor for the growth or promotion of knowledge of students. I am feeling insulted to be stared at me again and again.
ଅନୁବାଦ : ହେ ! ମୁଁ ହେଉଛି ଭିକିର ଚମତ୍କାର ମସ୍ତିଷ୍କ । ତୀବ୍ର ଘୃଣାପୂର୍ବକ ମୁଁ ଏକ ଫର୍ମାଲିନ୍ ଜାର୍ ବା କାଚପାତ୍ରରେ ସୁରକ୍ଷିତ ଭାବରେ ବସିଛି । ଛାତ୍ରଛାତ୍ରୀମାନଙ୍କର ଜ୍ଞାନ ବୃଦ୍ଧି ନିମିତ୍ତ ମୋତେ ଏଠାରେ ଡାକ୍ତରଙ୍କଦ୍ୱାରା ରଖାଯାଇଛି । ବାରମ୍ବାର ଲୋକମାନେ ମୋତେ ଏକ ଲୟରେ ଚାହିଁ ରହିବାକୁ ମୁଁ ନିଜକୁ ଅପମାନିତ ମନେ କରୁଛି !
Stanza – 2 (Lines 5-8)
How insulting to be called a ‘specimen’
Two years ago I was part of a living human;
I got no stroke, tumor or bugs within
Yet ended up in this jar, to my chagrin.
Gist: Really I feel greatly insulted by being called a specimen (example or model). Two years ago I (the brain) was a part of a living human. Fortunately, I had no stroke, tumor or bug. Yet I had to remain in the jar thanks to anger.
ଅନୁବାଦ : ସତରେ ଏହି କାଚପାତ୍ରରେ ଲୋକମାନେ ମୋତେ ଏକ ନମୁନା ରୂପେ ବିବେଚିତ କରିବା ମୋତେ ବହୁତ ଅପମାନିତ ମନେହେଉଛି । ଦୁଇ ବର୍ଷ ପୂର୍ବେ ମୁଁ (ମସ୍ତିଷ୍କ) ଏକ ଜୀବନ୍ତ ମାନବର ଏକ ଅଂଶ ଥିଲା । ସୌଭାଗ୍ୟବଶତଃ ମୁଁ ମସ୍ତିଷ୍କାଘାତ ବା ଟ୍ୟୁମର ବା ସଂକ୍ରାମକ ରୋଗରେ ଆକ୍ରାନ୍ତ ନ ଥିଲି, ତଥାପି ମୋର ବିଷାଦ ବା କ୍ରୋଧର କାରଣ ହେଉଛି ଯେ ମୋତେ ଏହି କାଚ ଜାର୍ରେ ଶେଷରେ ରହିବାକୁ ପଡ଼ିଲା ।
Stanza – 3 (Lines 9 – 12)
Vicky was a young boy, smart and sane
Full of life and vigor, sun, wind or rain;
Computers and maths were his domain
His motto in life was ‘No pain, No gain ’.
Gist: Vicky was a smart and healthy youth. He always looked vigorous and lively, no matter what happened. He was strong and an expert in computers and mathematics. His motto or moral principle in life was one must work hard to get success in life.
ଅନୁବାଦ : ଭିକି ଥୁଲା ଜଣେ ବୁଦ୍ଧିମାନ ଓ ସୁସ୍ଥ ଯୁବକ । ଯାହା ଘଟୁ ପଛେ ସେ ସର୍ବଦା କର୍ମଠ ଓ ପ୍ରାଣବନ୍ତ ଦେଖା ଯାଉଥିଲା । କମ୍ପ୍ୟୁଟର ଓ ଗଣିତରେ ସେ କୁଶଳୀ ଓଁ ଦକ୍ଷ ଥିଲା । ତା’ ଜୀବନର ନୀତି ବା ଆଦର୍ଶ ଥିଲା ଯେ ଜୀବନରେ ସଫଳତା ଲାଭ କରିବାପାଇଁ ଜଣଙ୍କୁ ପରିଶ୍ରମ କରିବାକୁ ପଡ଼ିବ ।
Stanza – 4 (Lines 13 – 16)
Vicky’s love for his parents was truly insane
And he adored his gran ’ma, wrinkles, and cane;
In college, when he stole a glance at Lorraine
Why his heart went thud-thud, only I could explain!
Gist: Vicky loved his parents immensely (very much). Besides, he (Vicky) adored (loved strongly) his pouchy (having lines in the body due to ripe old age) grandmother with a walking stick. While in college he had a quick and quiet look at his girlfriend Lorraine and his heart in panic (fear) would thud.
ଅନୁବାଦ : ଭିକି ତା’ରି ପିତାମାତାଙ୍କୁ ପ୍ରକୃତରେ ଖୁବ୍ ଭଲ ପାଉଥିଲା । ଏହାଛଡ଼ା ଆଶାବାଡ଼ି ସାହାଯ୍ୟରେ ଚାଲୁଥିବା କୁଞ୍ଚୁ ଚର୍ମଧାରୀ ନିଜର ଜେଜେମା’ଙ୍କୁ ମଧ୍ୟ ଖୁବ୍ ଭଲ ପାଉଥିଲା । କଲେଜରେ ଭିକି ଯେତେବେଳେ ତାହାର ସହପାଠିନୀ (ଲୋରେନ୍) ଉପରେ କ୍ଷିପ୍ର ଓ ଚୋରା ଚାହାଣି ପକାଉଥିଲା, ଅଜଣା ଭୟରେ ତା’ର ହୃଦୟରେ କମ୍ପନ ଜାତ ହେଉଥିଲା ।
Stanza – 5 (Lines 17 – 20)
On a wet monsoon day, for a task mundane
Vicky rode his bike to his friend in the next lane;
For once, from wearing his helmet he did refrain
God! He met with an accident gory and inhumane.
Gist: On a rainy day Vicky rode his bike to his friend living in the next lane to attend to an ordinary task. This was the first time in his life Vicky went out without a helmet. O, God! On the way, he faced a bloody and barbaric accident.
ଅନୁବାଦ : ଏକ ବର୍ଷଣମୁଖର ଦିନରେ ପରବର୍ତ୍ତୀ ଗଳିରେ ବାସ କରୁଥିବା ନିଜର ଜଣେ ବନ୍ଧୁ ଘରକୁ ଭିକି ଏକ ସାଧାରଣ କାର୍ଯ୍ୟରେ ବାଇକ୍ ଚଳାଇ ଯାଇଥିଲା । ଜୀବନରେ ପ୍ରଥମ ଥର ପାଇଁ ସେ ବିନା ହେଲ୍ମେଟ୍ରେ ଘରୁ ବାହାରିଥିଲା । ହେ ଭଗବାନ ! ସେ ରାସ୍ତାରେ ଏକ ରକ୍ତାକ୍ତ ଓ ନିର୍ଭୟ ଦୁର୍ଘଟଣାର ସମ୍ମୁଖୀନ ହେଲା ।
Stanza – 6 (Lines 21 – 24)
All it took was a stray moment of insane
A young life lost, a family crushed with pain;
Dear friends, take care; risky driving can be a bane
DRIVE SAFE – let your precious life not be in vain!
Gist: It was just an act of stupidity on the part of Vicky for a moment. A young life was cut short. His family was shocked (very much in surprise and grief). Taking the example of Vicky, dear riders are appealed not to resort to (take to) terrible and fast driving which can bring in lots of misery. You are requested to drive safely not to allow your precious life to go uselessly.
ଅନୁବାଦ : ଭିକି ପାଇଁ ଏହା ଏକ ନିର୍ବୋଧ ନିଷ୍ପତ୍ତି ଥିଲା । ଅକାଳରେ ଏକ ଯୌବନ ଚାଲିଗଲା । ତାହାର ମୃତ୍ୟୁରେ ପୂରା ପରିବାର ଦୁଃଖ ବା ଶୋକରେ ମ୍ରିୟମାଣ ହୋଇଗଲା । ଭିକିର ଉଦାହରଣକୁ ଦୃଷ୍ଟିରେ ରଖ୍ ପ୍ରିୟ ଚାଳକମାନଙ୍କୁ ତୀବ୍ର ବେଗରେ ଗାଡ଼ି ନ ଚଳାଇବାପାଇଁ ନିବେଦନ କରାଯାଉଛି, ନଚେତ୍ ଏହା ବହୁତ ଦୁଃଖ ବା ଶୋକ ଆଣି ଦେଇପାରେ । ତୀବ୍ର ବେଗରେ ଗାଡ଼ି ଚଳାଇ ମୂଲ୍ୟବାନ୍ ଜୀବନକୁ ବ୍ୟର୍ଥରେ ନ ଯିବାକୁ ଦେବାପାଇଁ ଆପଣମାନଙ୍କୁ ଅନୁରୋଧ ।
About The Poet:
Dr. Reeta S. Mani is a doctor by profession (ବୃତ୍ତିରେ ) and a writer by passion (ପ୍ରବୃତ୍ତିରେ ). She is a Neurovirologist (ସ୍ନାୟୁଭୂତାଣୁବିଦ୍) at the National Institite of Mental Health and Neurosciences (ସ୍ନାୟୁ ବିଜ୍ଞାନ), Bengaluru. Dr. Reeta has published (online and in print) several (ଅନେକ) short stories, poems, essays, and (ଭ୍ରମଣ ବୃତ୍ତାନ୍ତ ), including (ସହିତ) several short stories for children. She loves to weave health information into her stories to educate and foster ( ବଢ଼ାଇବାପାଇଁ) inquisitiveness (ଜିଜ୍ଞାସା ବା ଜାଣିବାର ଇଚ୍ଛା) in children.
Notes And Glossary:
brilliant brain — very smart or intelligent brain (ଅତି ବୁଦ୍ଧିମାନ ମସ୍ତିଷ୍କ)
formalin — a chemical compound of hydrogen, oxygen and carbon (ଉଦ୍ଜାନ, ଅମ୍ଳଜାନ ଓ ଅଙ୍ଗାରକର ଏକ ରାସାୟନିକ ଯୌଗିକ)
on display — the act of showing (ପ୍ରଦର୍ଶନ ନିମିତ୍ତ)
with disdain — with intensc hatred (ତୀବ୍ର ଘୃଣାର ସହିତ)
stare — look at somebody or something for a long time (ବହୁ ସମୟ ଧରି ଚାହିଁ ରହିବା)
specimen — sample (ନମୁନା)
stroke — brain attack (ମସ୍ତିଷ୍କାଘାତ)
tumour — a mas of abnormal cells grown in the body (ଅସ୍ଵାଭାବିକ କୋଷ ବୃଦ୍ଧିଜନିତ ମାଂସପିଣ୍ଡୁଳା )
bug — an illness caused by small organism such as bacteria (ବ୍ୟାକ୍ ଟେରି ଆଦ୍ଵାରା ସୃଷ୍ଟ ରୋଗ ବା ବ୍ୟାଧ୍) or an infectious illness (ଏକ ପ୍ରକାର ସଂକ୍ରାମକ ରୋଗ)
chagrin — anger or annoyance (କ୍ରୋଧ ବା ବିରକ୍ତି)
smart — well – dressed and neat (ପରିଷ୍କାର ଓ ସୁନ୍ଦର ପୋଷାକ ପରିହିତ)
You look very smart today.
sane — normal or sound (ସୁସ୍ଥ ବା ସ୍ଵାଭାବିକ)
The old fellow (man) looks sane today.
vigor — strength or energy (ଶକ୍ତି)
The lion has plenty of vigor.
domain — area of knowledge(ଜ୍ଞାନର କ୍ଷେତ୍ର)
The answer to this question is not in my mental domain.
motto — belief or ethic ନୀତି ବା ବିଶ୍ୱାସ)
“No pain. No gain” (କଷ୍ଟ କଲେ କୃଷ୍ଣ ମିଳେ is my motto.
insane — extreme or immense (ଅତ୍ୟନ୍ତ । ଅପାର)
truly — really (ପ୍ରକୃତରେ )
wrinkles — lines of loose skin (କୁଞ୍ଚୁତ ଚର୍ମ ବା ଚର୍ମରେ ଗାର ପଡ଼ିଥିବା)
That old woman has wrinkles all over her body.
cane — walking stick (ଆଶାବାଡ଼ି)
stole a glance — looked secretely (ଲୁଚିକରି ଦୃଷ୍ଟି ଦେଉଥବା)
went thud-thud — became panic and dull in sound (ଭୟରେ ହୃଦୟ ଧକ୍ ଧକ୍ ହେଉଥିଲା)
on a wet monsoon day — on a rainy day (ଏକ ବର୍ଷଣମୁଖର ଦିନରେ)
task — work (କାମ)
mundane — dull and ordinary (ସାଧାରଣ)
We are living an mundane existence
did refrain — stopped taking with (ନେବାରୁ ନିବୃତ୍ତ ରହିଲା)
gory — bloody (ରକ୍ତାକ୍ତ)
inhumane — unkind or gruesome (ଶୋଚନୀୟ ବା ନିର୍ଭୟ )
inane — stupidity (ବୋକାମି ) carelessness (ଯତ୍ନହୀନତା)
crushed with pain — shocked or went mourning ( ଦୁଃଖରେ ମ୍ରିୟମାଣ ହୋଇ ପଡ଼ିଲେ)
bane — fatal, curse (ମାରାତ୍ମକ ବା ଅଭିଶାପ)
Sometimes science proves to be a bane.
stray — separated (ଅଲ ଗା, ବିଚ୍ଛିନ୍ନ)
A stray dog (ବୁ ଲା କୁକୁର) is walking along the village road.
in vain — useless (ଅଦରକାରୀ |)
All his attempts (ଚେଷ୍ଟା) went in vain.
BSE Odisha 10th Class English Detailed Text
- Chapter 1 All Things Bright and Beautiful
- Chapter 2 A letter to God
- Chapter 3 The Solitary Reaper
- Chapter 4 At the High School
- Chapter 5 Village Song
- Chapter 6 Festivals of North-East India
- Chapter 7 The Flower-School
- Chapter 8 Air Pollution: A Hidden Menace
- Chapter 9 From the Formalin Jar
- Chapter 10 School’s Goodbye