Odisha State Board BSE Odisha Class 9 English Grammar Book Solutions Chapter 5 The Noun Phrase Textbook Exercise Activity Questions and Answers.
BSE Odisha Class 9 English Grammar Solutions Chapter 5 The Noun Phrase
Read the following sentences:
(i) Coconut is a tall tree.
(ii) I can see many beautiful flowers.
(iii) The black dog is sick.
In these sentences the bold parts are the noun phrases.
In these sentences the bold parts are the noun phrases. (ଏହି ବାକ୍ୟମାନଙ୍କରେ ରେଖାଙ୍କିତ ଶବ୍ଦଗୁଡ଼ିକ ଗୋଟିଏ ଗୋଟିଏ ବିଶେଷ୍ୟ ବାକ୍ୟାଶ ।)
A noun phrase or NP is a word or a group of words with a noun or a pronoun as its head noun or head word. (ଗୋଟିଏ ବିଶେଷ୍ୟ ବାକ୍ୟାଶ ଗୋଟିଏ ଶବ୍ଦ ବା ଶବ୍ଦ ସମୂହ ଯେଉଁଥରେ ଗୋଟିଏ ବିଶେଷ୍ୟ ବା ସର୍ବନାମ ପଦ ହେଉଛି ଏହାର ମୁଖ୍ୟ ଶବ୍ଦ।)
In the first sentence ‘coconut tree’ are the head nouns.
In the second sentence ‘I’ (Pronoun) is the head word or head noun.
In the third sentence, the head word or head noun is ‘dog’.
The head word in a noun phrase.
(ବିଶେଷ୍ୟ ବାକ୍ୟାଶରେ ବ୍ୟବହୃତ head word ବା head noun) :
(i) The tiger lives in the forest. tiger, forest- head words.
Father is calling me. Father, me- head words
The hunter rode on an elephant. hunter, elephant- head words.
(ii) Adjectives as head words (head nouns) in the the + adjective expression (the + adjective) (ସାଧାରଣ ଅର୍ଥରେ)
(Adjective ଗୁଡ଼ିକୁ head words ରୂପେ ବ୍ୟବହାର କରାଯାଏ।)
The rich should help the poor. (rich – head word)
The doctors have attended on the wounded. (wounded – head word)
The blind need our help and co-operation. (ସହଯୋଗ) (blind – head word)
( iii) To + infinitive as the head word.
(ବାକ୍ୟର ପ୍ରଥମରେ ବ୍ୟବହୃତ to + infinitive କୁ head word ରୂପେ ବ୍ୟବହାର କରାଯାଏ।)
To err is human. (ଭୁଲ କରିବା ମାନବୀୟ) (head word).
(iv) Verb + ing as the head word. (Verb + ing head word ରୂପେ କାର୍ଯ୍ୟକରେ (ବାକ୍ୟର ମୂଳରେ)
Smoking injures the lungs (ଫୁସ୍ଫୁସ୍).
Shooting (ତୀରନ୍ଦାଜ) is a sport (କ୍ରୀଡ଼ା).
Pronouns used as head words or head nouns
(Head words ବା Head nouns ରୂପେ ବ୍ୟବହୃତ Pronouns ବା ସର୍ବନାମ)
(i) I am smart and tall. I – noun phrase / pronoun/ head word
(ii) Give me a piece of cake. me – noun phrase / object / pronoun / head word
(iii) Did they help you? they – noun phrase / pronoun / head word
(iv) How much did it cost you? it – noun phrase / pronoun / head word
Function of a Noun Phrase (ଏକ ବିଶେଷ୍ୟ ବାକ୍ୟାଶର କାର୍ଯ୍ୟ)
(i) As a subject (ଏକ କର୍ରା ରୂପେ)
A coconut tree grows faster. (tree – head word)
The little clever bov is crying there. (boy – head word)
(ii) As an object (ଏକ କର୍ମ ରୂପେ)
We all love this teacher. (କାହାକୁ ଭଲପାଉ) (teacher – head, word)
Father may buy a dictionary. (କ’ଣ କିଣିପାରନ୍ତି) (dictionary – head word)
(iii) As a subject ‘complement’ (କର୍ତ୍ତା ପୂରକ ରୂପେ)
Mrinal is a well – behaved boy. (boy – head word)
The girl became a doctor. (doctor – head word)
(iv) As an object complement (କର୍ମ ପୂରକ ରୂପେ)
The class elected Suraj their monitor.
(monitor – head word) (Suraj – object) (କାହାକୁ ନିର୍ବାଚିତ କଲେ)
(Mother calls this child Nilu.
(Nilu – head word) (this child – object) (କାହାକୁ ଡାକନ୍ତି)
(v) As an adjunct (ଏକ ବିବର୍ଷକ ରୂପେ)
Did you help that man last week ? (week – head word)
Father is returning home this morning. (morning – head word)
Forms of Noun Phrase
(i) A Noun as a noun phrase : Flowers are a wonderful creation ofGod.
(ii) APronoun as a noun phrase : It was raining heavily.
(iii) An ‘ing’ infinitive phrase as a noun phrase : Smoking cigarettes causes health problems. Climbing a tall coconut tree seems very dangerous.
(iv) To infinitive as a noun phrase : To help others in need is a great virtue.
Words used before Head Nouns in Noun Phrases (Noun Phrase ର Head Noun ପୂର୍ବରୁ ବ୍ୟବହୃତ ଶବ୍ଦ)
|Article||(a, an, the)|
|Demonstrative (ପ୍ରଦର୍ଶକ ଶବ୍ଦ)||(this, that, these, those)|
|Possessive (ସମ୍ବନ୍ଧବାଚକ)||(my, your, his, our, its, Mina’s, one’s)|
|Cardinal (ମୌଳିକ ସଂଖ୍ୟା)||(one, two, three, ten, hundred)|
|Ordinal (କ୍ରମିକ ସଂଖ୍ୟା)||(first, second, tenth, thousandth)|
|Quantifier (ପରିମାଣବାଚକ ଶବ୍ଦ)||(a, few, a little, many, a lot of, enough, much)|
|Adjectives (ବିଶେଷଣ ପଦ)||(cold, beautiful, clever, nice, hot, cold, young, old )|
|Classifier (a noun that functions as an adjective) refers to one of classes, (stone, science, music, marriage etc)|
Classifier (One out of a class)
Stone building (stone – classifier like brick (ଇଟା), wooden (କାଠ)
College boys (college – classifier, like school, university)
Story books (Story – classifier, like cookery (ରୋଷେଇ ଶିକ୍ଷା), tailoring, dance, music…
Polar fan (Like Usha, Ravi, Khaitan, Orient, Havells…)
Science teacher (like mathematics, geography, history, political science….)
LG TV (Like Samsung, Philips, Akai, Sansui…)
Another word used in a noun phrase is ‘intensifier’ that intensifies or modifies an adjective. (N.P ରେ ବ୍ୟବହୃତ ଅନ୍ୟ ଗୋଟିଏ ଶବ୍ଦ ହେଉଛି intensifier ଯାହା ଗୋଟିଏ ବିଶେଷଣ ପଦକୁ ବିଶେଷିତ କରେ)
|Intensifier||Adjective||Noun (Head noun / Head word)|
Look at the following tree diagram and mark the position of the elements in the noun phrase. (ନିମ୍ନଲିଖତ ବୃକ୍ଷ ଚିତ୍ରର Noun phrase ର ବିଭିନ୍ନ ଶବ୍ଦର ଅବସ୍ଥିତିକୁ ଲକ୍ଷ୍ୟକର।)
Textual Activities With Answers
Activity – 1
Spot the Noun Phrases in the following sentences. Then identify the determiners. (ନିମ୍ନଲିଖତ ବାକ୍ୟମାନଙ୍କରେ ବ୍ୟବହୃତ Noun Phrases କୁ ଚିହ୍ନାଅ ଓ Determiner ଗୁଡ଼ିକୁ ଚିହ୍ନାଅ।)
1. That silly (ବୋକା) donkey is away.
That silly donkey – np, that – demonstrative (determiner)
2. Those people are busy.
Those people – np, those – demonstrative (determiner)
3. Have pity on the starving child.
on the starving child – np, the – article (determiner)
4. All of you can do the sum.
All of you – np, All – pre-determiner (quantifier)
5. The little girl is always talking.
The little girl – np, the – article (determiner)
6. He has one sister and two brothers.
One sister and two brothers – np, one, two – candinals (determiner)
7. I heard his first three words.
his first three words – np, his – possessive (determiner), three – cardinal (determiner)
8. All these four empty bottles are here.
All these four empty bottles – np, all – pre-determiner, these – demonstrative (determiner), four – cardinal (determiner), empty – adjective
9. Mary’s mother is dead but her father is still alive.
Mary’s mother- np, Mary’s – possessive (determiner), her father – np, her – possessive (determiner)
10. Which colour do you like, red or green?
Which colour? Which – wh-determiner
Remember: all both and half are pre-determiners since they are used before determiners. (Determiner ପୂର୍ବରୁ ବ୍ୟବହୃତ ହେଉଥିବାରୁ all, both ଓ half pre-determiners ଅଟନ୍ତି) (‘Pre’ ର ଅର୍ଥ ପୂର୍ବ ବା before)
Activity – 2
Rearrange the words to make a Noun Phrase.
(Noun phrase ତିଆରି କରିବାପାଇଁ ଶବ୍ଦଗୁଡ଼ିକୁ ପୁନଃ ସଜାଅ)
1. first, books, his, ten
his first ten books
2. big, the, boys, three
the three big boys
3. the, planes, five, first
the first five planes
4. her, sarees, beautiful, all
all her beautiful sarees
5. nice, a, movie, very
a very nice movie (film)
6. very, boys, innocent, young.
very young innocent (ନିରୀହ) boys
7. famous, seven, schools, those, music
those seven famous music schools
8. old, the, man, silly
the old silly man
Activity – 3
Draw tree diagrams showing the different elements of the following Noun Phrases. (ବିଭିନ୍ନ ଉପାଦାନ (ଶବ୍ଦ)କୁ ଦେଖାଇ diagram ବା ଛବି ତିଆରି କର ।)
1. All boys
2. All the boys
3. Each of the students
4. A ripe red fruit
5. Those strange stories
Activity – 4
Complete the Noun phrases by filling in the blanks with suitable words.
1. ________ ________ picnic
a lavish picnic
2. ________ ________ house
my little house
3. all ________ ________ boys
all these school boys
4. the ________ ________ books
the popular story books
5. our ________ ________ teacher
our first school teacher
The Noun Phrase Additional Questions With Answers
Rearrange the words to make a Noun Phrase.
1. very, a, picture, nice
A very nice picture.
2. the, old, all, colleges, very
All the very old colleges.
3. intelligent, very, boys, young
Very intelligent young boys.
4. red, ripe, a, fruit
A ripe red fruit.
5. new, our, teacher, English
Our new English teacher.
6. plastic, new, toys, beautiful
Beautiful new plastic toys.
7. the, planes, five, first
The first five planes.
8. the, old, silly, man
The silly old man.
9. famous, seven, schools, those, music
Those famous seven music schools.
10. big, the, boys, three
The three big boys.
Identify the underlined words that come before the Head noun.
1. Whose son is he?
Whose – possessive
2. My first poem was published in a magazine.
First – Ordinal number
3. This is Mr. Muduli’s car.
Mr. Muduli’s – Possessive
4. Those people are busy.
Those – demonstrative
5. This is a science college.
new – adjective
6. My new book was stolen.
science – classifier
7. The little girl is always talking.
8. It is a beautiful building.
beautiful – adjective
9. It was a very nice movie.
10. I have three brothers.
three – ordinal number
11. All the children have left school.
All – pre-determiner
12. Her pen was stolen.
Her – possessive
13. That house belongs to me.
14. The new pen writes well.
new – adjective
15. This is a stone building.
stone – classifier
16. I like our Prime Minister’s speech.
Our Prime Minister’s – possessive
17. He wasted a lot of time.
a lot of – quantifier
18. Each of the boys was given a prize.
Each of – pre-determiner
19. There is a little water in the glass.
a little – quantifier
20. This is my new shirt.
my – possessive