Odisha State Board CHSE Odisha Class 12 Approaches to English Book 1 Solutions Unit 3 Text C: On the Education of a Man of Business Textbook Activity Questions and Answers.
CHSE Odisha 12th Class Alternative English Solutions Unit 3 Text C: On the Education of a Man of Business
Answer the following questions in a sentence of two:
How is ‘university’ in a course of study helpful to a man of business?
‘University” in a course of study is helpful to a man of business because, it makes the mind agile but gives a variety of information. Such a system will make him acquainted with many modes of thought, with various classes of facts, and will enable him to understand men better.
What should a young person read during the transitional period from school to bis affairs of the world? ‘
Ayoungmanshouldreadbooksthatmiximaginationandphilosophythatisbooksof the Bacoimian style during the transitional period from school to his entry into the affairs of the world.
How is a ‘ready man’ different from a ‘full man’?
A ‘ready man’ is a practical man ready with facts and information but a ‘full man’ sustain bookish knowledge without practical utility.
How can a young man be trained to be methodical?
Ayoung man can be trained to be methodical through letting him employ himself in making digests, arranging and classifying materials, writing narratives and in deciding upon conflicting evidence.
Why should a man of business bie allowed to repeat some apt expressions which a . learned man should avoid?
A man ofbusiness should be allowed to repeat some apt expressions which a learned man should avoid because avoidance of such repetitions maybe carried too far in all kinds of writing. In literature, one is seldom brought to account for misleading people but in business one may soon be called upon to pay the penalty for having avoided the world which would exactly have expressed one’s meaning.
How can the sense of responsibility help in a man develop his personality?
Aman of business must develop a sense of responsibility. He must believe in the power and validity of truth and in all he does or says should be anxious to express as much truth as possible.
Activity – 11
We often use ‘should’ or ‘ought to ’ interchangeably with little difference of meaning. But there acts places where one is preferred to the other. ‘Should’ is preferred when an outside authority rather than the speaker himself recommends it. In case of power failure the computer should be switched off. ‘Should’ is also preferred when we give advice with ‘I’. I should avoid your company if I were you. Now, use should or ought to be in the blank spaces. In some places you can use either of them.
(a) This bottle ____________ be kept out of reach of children.
(b) If I were feeling ill, I ____________ stay at home today.
(c) I think you ____________ have listened to him, if I were you. It could have helped you.
(d) According to the instruction printed on the bottle, it ____________ be refrigerated after opening.
(e) The application you, sent ____________ includes the details of your past experience.
(a) This bottle should be kept out of reach of children.
(b) If I were feeling ill, I should stay at home today.
(c) I think you ought to have listened to him, if I were you. It could have helped you.
(d) According to the instruction printed on the bottle, it should be refrigerated after opening.
(e) The application you, sent ought to includes the details of your past experience
Complete the sentence with must or have/has to:
(a) The patient ____________ have at least eight hours sleep at night. He has got a longs problem and he ____________ give up smoking.
(b) That’s in reality a good news, I ____________ phone my friend Kim.
(c) I always sleep through the alarm clock. My Dad ____________ wake me up every morning.
(d) ‘Can we meet tomorrow evening?’ Sorry, no I ____________ go to the dentist at 7 O’clock. ’
(e) To get to Bangalore. I ____________ borrow money from my sister.
(a) The patient must have a least eight hours sleep at night. He has got a longs problem and he has to give up smoking.
(b) That’s in reality good news, I have to phone my friend Kim
(c) I always sleep through the alarm clock. My Dad must wake me up every morning.
(d) ‘Can we meet tomorrow evening?’ Sorry, no I have to go to the dentist at 7 O’clock.
(e) To get to Bangalore. I have to borrow money from my sister.
The following passage was originally in 6 paragraphs. But all of them have been combined into one. You are to find out the places where new paragraphs begin and mark them with ( ) Unconsciousness is a state of where the person appears to be in deep sleep from which he/she can not be awoken. The individual does not respond to any external stimuli like sprinking cold water on the feet and for that matter even painful ones like piercing with a pin tingling a nerve etc.
This insensible state is brought about by some interference in the normal functioning of the brain and the nervous system Unconsciousness when partial is called stupor and when complete is termed as Coma. In cases of stupor, the individual can be roused with difficulty, but the eyelids can not be opened due to resistance by the individual In coma, however, although there is not response. When an individual is being called, the lids can be opened without any resistance.
The usual cases of unconsciousness include fainting, sun in the blood supply to the train, because of fright, unexpected good or bad news etc. People held up in stuffy places like elevators often faint. A sudden fell in blood pressure can also cause feinting. The individual appears pale becomes weak and slow, breathing becomes shallow and the skin turns cold and clammy. Excessive summer heat can make an individual faint. Prolonged exposure to sun may also caused sun stroke which starts with headache, vomiting, dizziness, cramps or dryness ofthe throat.
Conclusion commonly results in unconsciousness. Direct injury to the brain caused by either a blow on the head or a fell from a height etc. may result in short while in mild cases. Concussion and compression result in stupor or come in more serious cases. An individual could suddenly become unconscious due to a heart attack. The initial signs are vomiting, profiise sweating and pain in the left sided of the chest.
Unconsciousness …………………… nervous system
Unconsciousness when partial ………………………
The usual cases of …………………….. an individual feint.
Prolonged ……………………. exposure in unconsciousness.
Direct injury …………………. in more serious cases.
An individual ……………. left side of the chest.
Choose correct alternatives from the given choices to fill the blanks 1 – 5 in the following passage.
The problem of deep-sea pollution can only be solved by international corporation
(1) the problem of pollution and coastal degradation of our own shoreline in our special problem which we must be conscious of and tackle by ourselves. Pollution only means dirt
(2) ‘matter in the wrong place.’Getting late or becoming ignorant about it all can be disastrous. There are types and degrees of pollution, but even a slight amount can affect natural and necessary function and movements we have seen that pollution near the coast and in astuaries and creeks affects the breeding of fish, thus reducing their numbers in the deep sea. But heavy pollution,
(3) that of Mahim Creek Mumbai also kills the coastal vegetation like mangroves which is responsible for holding the sand and run in place and consequently for the health of coastal areas. Costal and estuarine lands are often extremely fertile, the nutrients washed down in rivers often ‘pileup’ in
(4) flat marshy areas, making the soil reach
(5) the lagoons are the fish nurseries. Good vegetation cover is one way of dealing with polluted water in such areas, for the plants absorb must of the waste matters.
1. However / though / although / but
2. On the other hand / in other words / whereas / broadly speaking.
3. Mainly / similar to / such as / specially.
2. in other hands
3. such as
Section – C
Suppose you are going to take some major decisions in your life now. You have to choose a career and make preparation of your future life. What will be your three important considerations while choosing a career ?’
List them below:
Whatever career you choose, the following essay, ‘On the Education of Man of Business’ with its insightful observations can light up the path of your life.
On the Education of a Man of Business Summary in English
A man of business should be closely brought up in the habit of reasoning. The study of geometry is hardly better for him. Any university course of study designed for him makes his mind agile and gives a variety of information. This system will make him grow acquainted with many modes of thought with various classes of facts and will enable him to understand men better. His youth time may be well spent by the study of metaphysical nature. A breath and a tone may be given to a man’s mode of thinking. It will afterward be of signal use to him in the business of everyday life. Some works transit from the school to the world.
These are particularly needed in a system of educational studies remote from real life. Such works tend to give the students interest in common things about him which he has scarcely even been called upon to feel They display how imagination and philosophy can be woven into practical wisdom. However, our student is not intended to become a learned man, a man of business not a full man but a ready man He must be taught to arrange and express what he knows, for this purpose let him employ himself in making digests arranging and classifying materials, writing narratives and in deciding upon this conflicting evidence.
All these exercises require a method. A method is developed from rule beginnings. There is hardly any degree of toil for which he would not be compensated by such a result. The student of business should begin soon to cultivate fluency in writing. Fluency does not mean the flow of words, but a habit of expressing his thoughts with accuracy with brevity, and readiness. Moreover, in the style of the man of business, nothing is to be aimed at but plainness and precision.
A close repetition of the same word for the same thing need not be avoided. In literature, however, you are seldom brought to account for misleading people, but in business, you may soon be called upon to pay the penalty for having shunned the word which should exactly have expressed the meaning. A consummate man of business should be able to fix his attention on details and be ready to give every kind of argument a hearing.
This will not encumber him for he must have been practiced beforehand in the exercise of his intellect and there they remain in a shapeless heap, another possessed of method can arrange what he has collected, but such a man by the aid of principles goes further and bulbs with his materials. In feet, in addition to a stout heart, he should have the patient temperament and a vigorous but disciplined imagination and then he will plan boldly and with a large extent of view, execute calmly and not be a stretching act of his hand for things not yet within his grasp. He will let opportunities grow before his eyes until they are ripped to be seized.
He will think steadily over possible failure, in order to provide a remedy or a retreat, there will be the strength of repose about him. He must have a deep sense of responsibility. He must believe in the power and vitality of truth and in all he does or says, should be anxious to express as much truth as possible. His feelings of responsibility and love of truth will almost inevitably endow him with diligence accuracy and discreteness these commonplace required for a good man of business.
- A man of business should be closely brought up in the habit or reasoning.
- He should study geometry.
- It is hardly better for him.
- The university course of study is designed for him.
- It makes his mind agile.
- It gives varieties of information.
- This system acquaints him with many mode of thought.
- It acquaints him with various classes of facts.
- It will enable him to understand men better.
- His youth time may be spent by the study of metaphysical nature.
- A breath and a tone may be given to a man’s mode of thinking.
- It will be a good signal for him.
- It will help him in the business of everyday life.
- Some works transit from the school to the world.
- These are actually needed in educational studies.
- These are remote from real life.
- Such works provide the students interest in common things.
- He has scarcely been called upon to feel these.
- They display how imagination and philosophy can be woven.
- They can be woven into practical wisdom.
- Out student is not intended to be a learned man.
- Neither is he intended to be a business man.
- Nor is he intended to be a foil man.
- But he is intended to be a ready man.
- He must be taught to arrange what he knows.
- He must be taught to express what he knows.
- We should let him to digest arranging of materials.
- We should let him to classify these materials.
- We should allow him to writing narratives.
- We should allow him to decide upon this conflicting evidence.
- All these exercises require method.
- Method is developed from rule beginnings.
- There is hardly and degree of toil for.
- He would not be compensated by such a result.
- The student of business should begin to cultivate a fluency in writing.
- Fluency does not mean flow of words.
- But it means a habit of expressing his thoughts.
- It must be with accuracy.
- It must be with brevity.
- It must be also with readiness.
- Nothing much is required for the style of man of business.
- But it requires plainness.
- Again it also requires precision.
- A close repetition of the same word of something should not be avoided.
- In literature, we seldom use it.
- We consider here as misleading the people.
- But is business we should not be shunned.
- Otherwise, we have to pay penalty for it.
- Because it must express the meaning exactly.
- A consummate man of business must fix his attention on details.
- He should be ready to give every kind of argument a hearing.
- This will not encumber him
- As he has practised it before hand.
- It is actually exercise of his intellect.
- He should be strong in principles.
- He can collect materials together.
- There they remain a shapeless heap.
- He can also arrange the collected material
- But still then, he will go further by the aid of principles.
- The principles he builds with his materials.
- In feet, he should be having a stout heart.
- Again, he should have patient temperament.
- It should be vigorous.
- But there should be disciplined imagination.
- So that he will plan boldly.
- He will plan with large extent of view.
- He will execute it calmly.
- He should not stretch out for his out of his grasp.
- He will let opportunities grow before his eyes.
- Until they are riped to be seized.
- He will think steadily over possible failure.
- So that, he can provide a remedy or a retreat for it.
- There will be the strength ofrepose about him.
- He must have a deep sense of responsibility.
- He must believe in the power and vitality of truth.
- All his doing should be anxious to express much truth.
- His feeling of responsibility and loved oftruth will endow with him diligence.
- It will endow him with accuracy.
- It will also endow him with discreteness.
- All these common things are required for a good man of business.
Meanings Of Difficult Words
agi – active, nimble
variety – diversity di&rence
information – instruction, intimation
Mode – type, kind
metaphysical – of the science of being and knowledge meta means beyond, physic means earth.
transit – change, pass from one to other
remote – separate, indirect
tend – to look after, to incline, to conduce
scarcely – hardly rarely, seldom
display – to exhibit, show
conflicting – ling, colliding
evidence – clearness, obviousness, testimony, proof; witness, indication
oil – hard struggle
compensate – to make amends for
cultivate – to till to produce, to devote attention to
fluency – volubility
accuracy – exactness, correctness
brevity – briefiiess, consciousness
consummate – to perfect, to accomplish, to relish
encumber – to imped the motion of to hamper
vigorous – energetic, of vital power