Odisha State Board CHSE Odisha Class 12 Invitation to English 4 Solutions Grammar Tense Patterns Unit 6 The Past Simple and the Past Perfect Textbook Activity Questions and Answers.
CHSE Odisha 12th Class English Grammar Tense Patterns Unit 6 The Past Simple and the Past Perfect
SECTION – 1
Look at the sentences below.
(a) I reached the hostel in the morning and found that somebody had broken into my room during the night.
(b) She said that her friend had published a book.
(c) He had lived in this town for ten years; then he migrated to Japan.
Can you find the Past Perfect Tense in each sentence? Note that the sentence in which it occurs refers to two actions — the action expressed by the Past Perfect and another action expressed by the Past Simple. Of the two actions, which takes place earlier and which takes place later? List them below.
(a) (1) I reached the hotel in the morning and found. (later).
(2) that somebody had broken (earlier action) into my room during the night.
(b) (1) She said _________(later action).
(2) that her friend had published a book _________(earlier action).
(c) (1) _________then he migrated to Japan _________(later action).
(2) He had lived in this town for ten years, (earlier action).
Can you answer now? Which action does the Past Perfect refer to — the earlier one or the later one? Which action does the Past Simple refer to?
The earlier action refers to Past Perfect and the later one refers to Past Simple Tense.
Activity – 23
Combine each pair of sentences below into a single sentence, using the Past Perfect to show which action took place earlier. (You may have to use words like after; when etc.
(a) (i) I finished my homework.
(ii) Then I went to buy a pen.
(b) (i) Then the doctor gave some medicine to the patient,
(ii) Then the patient regained his senses.
(c) (i) I read a few pages from the book.
(ii) After that I returned it to the librarian.
(d) (i) I worked in the garden for some time.
(ii) After that I had my breakfast.
(e) (i) He left the place in a hurry.
(ii) After that his friend arrived.
(f) (i) The young girl finished shopping.
(ii) Then she met with an accident.
(g) (i) The thief ran away with the gold.
(ii) After that the police arrived.
(a) After I had finished my homework, I went to buy a pen.
(b) After the doctor had given some medicine to the patient, the patient regained his senses.
(c) After I had read a few pages from the book, I returned to the librarian.
(d) I had worked in the garden for some time before I had my breakfast.
(e) When he had left the place in a hurry. his friend arrived.
(f) After the young girl had finished shopping. she met with an accident.
(g) The thief had run away with the gold before the police arrived.
Activity — 24
Jatin arrived late at different places yesterday. What did he find when he arrived
at each place?
Example — When he arrived at the cricket stadium, the game had ended.
(a) the hank it / already I close.
(b) his uncle’s house his uncle I go the sleep.
(c) the bus stops the bus I already / leave.
(d) book shop the book he wanted/sold out already.
(e) the club his friends/leave.
(f) the hostel everyone / go to bed.
(a) When he arrived at the bank, it had already closed.
(b) When he got to his uncle’s house, his uncle had gone to sleep.
(c) When he reached the bus stop, the bus had already left.
(d) When he came to the bookshop, the book he wanted had been sold out already.
(e) When he arrived at the club, his friends had left.
(f) When he came to the hostel, everyone had gone to bed.
Activity – 25
Use the verb supplied in brackets in the appropriate form.
(a) We went to Anil’s house and _____________(knock) on the door but there _____________ (be) no answer. Either he _____________ (go) out or he _____________ (not want) to see anyone.
(b) Sadhan _____________(go) for a walk yesterday because the doctor _____________(tell) him last week that he _____________(need) exercise.
(c) A : _____________(Seema / arrive) at the party in time last night ?
B: No, she was late. By the time, we got there, everyone _____________(leave).
(a) We went to Anil’s house and knocked on the door but there was no answer. Either he had gone out or he did not want to see anyone.
(b) Sadhan went for a walk yesterday because the doctor told him last week that he needed exercise.
(c) A: Did Seema arrive at the party in time last night?
B: No, she was late. By the time, we got there, everyone had left.