Odisha State Board CHSE Odisha Class 11 Approaches to English Book 1 Solutions Unit 1 Text A: Memories of Crossgates School Textbook Activity Questions and Answers.
CHSE Odisha 11th Class Alternative English Solutions Unit 1 Text A: Memories of Crossgates School
Activity – 1
Look at the passage again and put a tick mark against the correct alternative.
(a) The writer describes the pleasure of school life enjoyed during.
(iii) Summer and Winter.
(b) The phrase ‘taking fee walk’ in line 15 is given within question marks to indicate.
(i) that the writer does not approve of the master’s talking a walk.
(ii) that the mortar was actually keeping watch over the boys on fee pretext of taking the walk.
(iii) fee mortar had gone on a visit to the town on the pretex of taking a walk.
That the mortar was actually keeping watch over the boys on fee pretext of taking the walks. (✓)
Activity – 2
Answer the following question briefly as you can.
(a) At what time of the day did the writer bath in fee sea?
In the afternoon of the day, the writer took bath in fee sea.
(b) Did he enjoy swimming among the chalk boulders or have a sense suffering for it? What words in the text tell you the’ answer?
The author had a pleasant pain for his swimming among the’ chalk boulder. lt was painful because he was full of cuts when he was back at home. The words – “bathed dangerously” and “covered; with cuts” tell us this answer in the text.
(c) What was the boys’ “special treat” in mid-summer evening?
The boy had a “special treat” in mid-summer evenings when they were not driven off to hed arid were allowed to go about the grounds in the long twilight terminating in a drive into the swimming bath at about 9 O’clock.
(d) Who were Orwell’s favourite authors in his boyhood ?”
Ian Hay, Thackeray, Kipling and H.GWells were Orwell’s favourite authors in his boyhood.
(e) What are the different kinds of caterpillars ‘ that’ Orwell mentions in the passage?
The silky green and purple puss moth, the ghostly green popular lewk, the private hawk are the kinds of caterpillars that Orwell mentions in the passage.
(f) What does Orwell say about his “hopeless love affair”?
Orwell had a proud love for cricket till he was eighteen. But he was not cricket till he was eighteen. But he was not at all well at the game. Therefore it was “hopeless Ipye affair- a relentless love without any yield.
(g) What does Orwell learn from his experiences at Crossgates School?
Orwell learnt a lot of sweet and bitter experiences at Crossgates school. The childhood days were the formative years when children enjoy moving about scot-free. This experience helps to build up the conviction that the things one wants ‘most are always unattainable.
Activity – 3
Write in points, the six pleasures of school life that the writer mentions in the passage.
The six pleasures of school life that the writer mentions in the passage are:
(1) Bathing dangerously among the chalk boulder in the sea in the returning afternoon.
(2) Deriving special pleasure from mid summer evenings to move about the grounds in the long twilight and taking a dive into the swimming bath at about 9 O’clock.
(3) Walking early on summer morning and having an hour’s undisturbed reading of his favourite authors like Ian Hary, Thackery, Kipling and H.G Wells.
(4) Devoting to cricket hopelessly because he was not good at this game in spite of his sincere efforts.
(5) Keeping caterpillars and dragging a beg-net along the bottom the dew ponds to collect biological specimens.
(6) Escaping long enough from the master with the illicitly purchased of tiny insects.
Activity – 4
Subject-verb Agreement in ’There’ constructions will you please give Text-A another look to find out how many ‘there….’ sentences are used by the author? Notice that sentence-2 in the text-Sentences on summer afternoons there were wonderful expeditions across the Downs…. is a ‘there…’ sentence. Write the sentence number as well as the ‘there…’ sentence you find in the text.
Sentence-3: And there were still more wonderful midsummer evening when as a special treat, we were not driven off to bed as usual but allowed to wander about the grounds in the long twilight, ending up with a plunge into the swimming bath at about 9 O’clock.
Sentence-4: There was the joy of walking early on summer morning and getting in an hour’s undisturbed reading (Ian Hay, Thackery, Kipling and H.G. Wells were, the favourite authors of my boyhood) in the sunlight sleeping dormitory.
Sentence-5: There was also cricket which I was no good act but with which 1 conducted a sort of hopeless love affair upto the age of about eighteen.
Sentence-6: And there was the pleasure of keeping caterpillars-the silky iron and purple puss-math, the ghostly green popular park, the privet hawk, large as one’s third finger specimens of which could be illicitly purchased for sixpence at a shop in the town-and when one could escape long enough from the morter who was “taking the walk” share was the excitement of dredging the dew-ponds on the Downs for enormous newts with orange coloured Bellies.
You can very well notice that the verb ‘there’- sentences is either was or more. As you known the verb in an English sentence agrees with the subject in number and person.
(1) He was ready.
(2) They were ready,
(3) I am reading English grammar today.
(4) She is writing a letter to his friend now.
The subject ‘he’ in sentence-1 is singular in number and so, a singular verb ‘was’ has been used- The sentence would. be wrong if a ‘plural’ verb, such as were, was used. Also notice that verb ‘were’ in sentence two agrees with the subject they in respect of plurality.
The verbs in sentences (3) and (4), do not differ in number i.e., both of them have singular subjects, but they do differ in person. ‘I’ is a first person pronoun, while ‘she’ is a third-person pronoun. So the difference in the verb ‘am’ and ‘is’ are according to them.
In sentences 1-4, the subject comes before the verb. In these sentences, however,’ there’ comes in the subject position while the real subject (which is .also. known as the postponed subject), occurs after the verb. You can, now look back at your list of these sentences above and notice that the verb after there is ‘was’ or ‘were’ according to whether the postponed subject is singular or plural. Thus, in sentence 2 of the text-Sometimes on summer afternoon, there were wonderful expeditions…. the verb ‘were’ is plural because the postponed subject wonderful expeditions is plural. In sentence 4 of the text-there was the Joy of walking easily the singular verb was agrees with the singular postponed subject the Joy of walking early.
Now fill in each blank in the following letter with an appropriate verb from the following list:
do not object
Dated the 11th June 2001
I would like to express my concern at the growing number of so-called lottery centres in our town.
There__________ several reasons why I object to these places. Firstly, die operators under the false promise Of an easy fortune, _________quite substantial amounts of money away from the poor people who ate least able to afford it. Secondly, While I __________ to gambling in principle, I feel that this particular kind, where no skill __________ on the part of the betting person, is especially Offensive and deadening to the intellect. Thirdly, these establishments often ____________ undesirable individuals into the neighbourhood. Lastly, die physical appearance of these places is must unattractive, and there __________ almost always a lot of noise around. I hope that the Municipal Council will consider very carefully whether this mindless kind of gambling is what _______________ in this traditionally peaceful town.
I would like to express my concern at the growing number of so-called lottery centres in our town.
There are several reasons why I object to these places. Firstly, the operators under the false promise of an easy fortune, take quite substantial amounts of money away from the poor people who are least able to afford it. Secondly, while I do not object to gambling in principle, I feel that this particular kind, where no skill is required in the part of the betting person, is especially offensive and deadening to the intellect. Thirdly, these establishments often attract undersirable individuals into the neighbourhood. Lastly, the physical appearance of these places is must unattractive, and there is almost always a lot of noise around. I hope that the Municipal Council will consider very carefully whether this mindless kind of gambling is what is wanted in this traditionally peaceful town.
Before reading the following passage which presents George Orwell’s recollection of his school days, write three main things which you remember about your school days.
Now read Text A below quickly to see what Orwell remembers about his school days.
The text you are going to read in this section has the title “Make Me a Child Again. Just for Tonight”. Almost every one of us has fond memories of childhood, and therefore wants to become a child again. Can you write below three possible reasons why people want to become children again?
In this section, you will read a passage or learning. Your primary aim here is to grasp the central meaning of the passage. To do this rapidly and accurately, you have to adopt aggressive reading. In other words, you must get into the habit of speeding through words and you must try to focus on the broad structure, of the passage while reading.
Try to recognise the author’s pattern of thinking and to realise how the detail serve to highlight the main ideas, but don’t let these details slow you down Skim or Skip whenever you feel, you can safely do so, that is, where, you are reasonably sure that you know what the next sentence or paragraph will contain. In order to detect the author’s pattern of thinking and to understand what, in essence,the author is trying to say, you don’t have to read every single word or every single sentence. By thinking along with the author’s pattern of thinking, you can predict what is likely to come next, and whether it is important, less important or completely unimportant to the central meaning of the text. Now cruise through Text-B with conscious pressure on your speed, with an awareness that you must go first. As average learner on the Alternative English course needs 4 to 6 minutes to complete a quick reading of the passage with the aim of grasping the central idea of the piece.
Extra Activity – 4(A)
A. Make sentences of your own using the following:
horde – He encountered a horde of critical situations.
expeditions – We pray God before starting our expeditions.
wander – The mad man wanders the whole Say.
bath – We should have our baths before praying God.
plunge – We plunge into a river before swimming.
ghostly – The terrorists made the atmosphere ghostly.
specimen – The bank requires specimen signature before opening an account.
illicit – It is illicit to keep gun without licence.
escape – The criminal made all possible efforts to escape punishment
excitement – One cant act well without excitement.
B. Supply appropriate prepositions in the blanks:
(a) We go by the river __________ summer evenings.
(b) He came back from the forest covered __________ cuts.
(c) We were not driven ___________ to bed as used but allowed to wander __________ the grounds _______the long twilight ending up with a plunge ___________ the swimming bath ____________ 9 O’clock.
(d) There was also cricket which I was no good ‘ but ___________ which I conducted a sort of hopeless love affair ____________ the a sort of hopeless love affair ___________ the age of about eighteen.
(e) This business __________ being out ___________ a walk coming across something _________ fascinating interest and then being dragged __________ it by a yell ___________the mortar, like a dog jerked onwards ___________ die leash, is an important feature ___________ school life.
(a) We go by the river on summer evening.
(b) He came back from the forest covered with cuts.
(c) We were not driven off to bed as usual. but allowed to wander about the grounds In the long twilight ending up with a plunge into the swimming bath at about 9 O’clock.
(d) There was also cricket which 1 was no good at but with which I conducted a sort of hopeless love affairs upto the age of about eighteen.
(e) This business of being out for a week coming across something of fascinating interest and then being dogged away from it by a yell from the mortar like a dog jerked onwards by the leash. It is an important feature of school life.
C. Use the following :
(N) The cover of this book is attractive.
(V) They covered the idol with flowers.
(N) Going on a horse’s back gives a special treat.
(V) They treated their guests with respect.
(N) Your argument has no ground.
(V) This building grounds on a solid structure.
(N) The play has a tragic end.
(V) The play ends with a tragic note.
(N) Our fingers are not equal.
(V) He fingers well in typing.
(N) Business centres round.
(V) He purchased a car yesterday.
(N) He had no escape from such a crime.
(V) At last, the criminal escaped from the prison.
(N) The master scolded his servant for his mistake.
(V) He has mastered English language well.
Memories of Crossgates School Summary in English
However, George Orwell had memories at Crossgates School. They were both sweet and bitter memories. He, very often, had beautiful expeditions to different spots. These were Downs, a vast grassy land, and Beachy Head an attractive spot for summer days. He also took baths in Beachy Head. Sometimes, he returned home with injuries. They also had special pleasure from the midsummer evenings. He also very often wander about in the twilight. He also derived great pleasure by taking a dive into the swimming bath. He had also great mirth of getting up early on summer mornings and also reading Ian Hay. Thacjceran, Kipling and H.G. Wells works. Actually, he was not very good at cricket, but this did not imply that he did not love it. On the other hand, he loved cricket upto eighteen. He also took tremendous joy in the forbidden churphase of tiny insects and ran ‘away from the mortar who was “taking the walk”. He had pleasant experiences in bringing up bag nets to collect newts with dredges. He was also bringing up other biological specimens.
Outlines of the Eassay :
- George Or well had memories at Crossgates School.
- They were both sweet and bitter memories.
- He, very often, had beautiful expeditions to different spots.
- These were Downs, a vast grassy land and Beachy Head, an attractive spot for summer days.
- He also took baths in Beachy Head.
- Sometimes, he returned home with injuries.
- He also had special pleasure from the mid-summer evening.
- He also very often wandered about in the twilight.
- He also derived great pleasure by diving into the summer bath.
- He had also great joy of getting up early on summer mornings.
- He derived great joy by reading land Hay, Thackery, Kipling and H.G Wells works.
- However, he was not very good at cricket.
- This did not imply that he did not love it.
- Actually, he loved cricket upto eighteen.
- He also took tremendous joy in the forbidden purchase of tiny insects.
- He ran away from the mortar who was ‘taking the walk’.
- He had pleasant experiences in bringing up beg nets to collect newts with dredges.
- He was also bringing up other biological specimens.
horde – a lot of, a great number, crowd, a group of.
expeditions – journeys, movement, wanderings.
the Downs – vast- grassy land.
treat (n) – joy, pleasure, pleasant experience.
wander – roam, move, travel, go about.
twilight – faint half-light after sunset or before sunrise.
walking – getting up from bed, go without sleep.
illicitly – illegally, unlawfully.
purchased – bought, had or exchanged for money.
escape – run away from free sight of
excitement – stirring up, provocation.
dredging – dragging a bag net along the bottom to collect biological specimens.
depends – small ponds.
enormous – large, huge, very big in size.
newts – small aquatic animals wife a moist skin, short legs a long tail.
yell – sound, shout or noise produces from a.distance.
unattainable – which, can not be obtained easily.